Britain enters the War

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Date: Name:

Canadian Soldiers in WW1:

  1. Britain enters the War:

On 3 August 1914, the Germany army swept through neutral ___________________ and began attacking France.

Germany did not withdraw from Belgium and Great Britain declared war on ___________________ on 4 August 1914.

  1. If Britain goes, Canada goes:

As a part of the ___________________ Empire, Canada was automatically at war.

Canada was not truly independent as Britain controlled Canada’s ___________________ ___________________.

  1. Canada as a Nation in 1914:

In 1914, Canada was only ___________ years old. The population of Canada was 7 million and was mostly a ___________________ country.

Canada had a very small army with little fighting experience.

  1. Canadians Support the Homeland:

Many new Canadians were from Great Britain and France.

59,000 men and women volunteered to fight for their homeland.

In October 1914, the Canadian ___________________ Force (CEF) sailed to Britain and then went to ___________________ to fight.

  1. Propaganda:

Definition: a ___________________ point of view used to advance a particular point of view

Propaganda Posters often tried to convince Canadian men to ___________________ in the army.

Propaganda posters used:

  • Emotion

  • ___________________

  • Pride

  • “Manliness”

  1. What if you didn’t want to fight?

Men would did not join were sometimes given a ___________________ ___________________ as a sign of being a coward.

  1. Who wasn’t allowed to fight?

  • People who had from one of the Triple ___________________ countries (Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary)

  • ___________________ Canadians

  • Asian Canadians

Canadians demanded that Germans and Austrians be dismissed from their jobs and interned

  1. Paying for the War

First case of ___________________ war in history. It required new more expensive technology, more troops than ever before, and a prolonged war effort

  1. War Bonds:

Asked people to buy ___________________ from the gov’t and the gov’t would then give a ___________________ of return when the bond matured.

Raised: $1,397,000,000 during the war.

___________________ ___________________ was created to pay for the war.

  1. The Ross Rifle:

Made-in-___________________ rifle called the Ross Rifle.

In ___________________ battlefield conditions, it jammed. As well, the barrel was too long for trench fighting.

During the Battle at Ypres, Canadian soldiers threw away their Ross rifles and picked up ___________ -___________________ rifles from dead British soldiers.

  1. Battle of Ypres (April 1915)

Ypres was significant because of ___________________ attacks

  1. Battle of the Somme (July-November 1916)

Somme was significant because of the number of deaths of ___________________ soldiers and Canadians.

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