Board Endorsed October 2009 amended Octpber 2015



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International Relations: 1870 to 1945 Value 1.0


Duplication of material covered in War in the Modern World, 1.0 and Wars of the Modern Age, 0.5 requires careful consideration and selection of the content to be studied in the 1.0 unit if both are to be studied.

Prerequisites

Nil


Specific Unit Goals

This unit should enable students to:



A Course

T Course

  • demonstrate investigation and interpretation skills necessary to solve problems of evidence and achieve independence in researching

  • communicate a logically developed and focussed argument to convey historical positions or ideas

  • communicate a logically developed, articulate and focussed argument to convey historical positions or ideas

  • demonstrate knowledge, awareness and understanding of significant individuals, social groups, places, events and technologies of related to international relations

  • recognise the major events and historical circumstances which contributed to the outbreak, course and consequences of the two world wars

  • evaluate the factors that contributed to the outbreak, course and consequences of the two world wars

  • investigate and interpret the historical connections between the two world wars

Content

A study of this unit should include at least two of the following content areas. There is scope for some areas to be treated in more depth than others. Topics for study will be guided by teacher expertise and student interest.

International Relations Theory

The development of the Modern state system (Treaty of Westphalia 1648)

Power and diplomacy

Early theories (Realism and Liberalism/Globalism)

Diplomacy of the Great Power Rivalries after 1870

German unification and emerging German nationalism

Bismarck and foreign policy objectives

Foreign policies of other Great Powers – Great Britain, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Turkey

The Alliance System

Militarism

New Imperialism

International Crises - 1904-1911

Assassination and July Crisis

The Course of World War I

The Western front and nature of war (attrition, trench warfare)

Eastern Front

New weapons and allies

Impacts and outcomes of warfare on ground, at sea and in the air

Reasons for stalemate/ attempts to break stalemate

Reasons for allied victory

The Paris Peace Conference

Wilson’s 14 points

Treaty of Versailles and outcomes

Question of German guilt

Wider consequences of war

Diplomacy in the Interwar Period - 1919-1939

Europe post 1919 – impact of Versailles on Europe, particularly Germany

Economic problems in Germany, Italy and Japan

The League of Nations

Formation

Aims

Successes and Failures



The Great Depression – Causes and Consequences

Nazi Foreign Policy - 1933-1939

Rejection of Versailles

Lebensraum

Unification of German-speaking peoples

Appeasement

Munich Crisis

Polish Guarantees

Occupation of Poland

Japan – Interwar Period

Rise of ultra-nationalism.

Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere

Pearl Harbour

The Course of World War II

War in Europe

War in the Pacific

New weapons and allies

Impacts and outcomes of warfare on ground, at sea and in the air

Reasons for allied victory

Wartime Conferences and the emergence of the UN

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Refer to page 30.



Assessment Task Types

Refer to page 32.



Student Capabilities




Evidence could be in:

Student Capabilities

Goals

Content

Teaching and Learning

Assessment

creative and critical thinkers










enterprising problem-solvers










skilled and empathetic communicators










informed and ethical decision-makers











environmentally and culturally aware citizens










confident and capable users of technologies










independent and self-managing learners











collaborative team members












Resources

Refer to pages 41-79 for resource.




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