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Mr. Bittner

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ederalists vs. Anti-Federalists
Directions: Using your textbook 56-58 and the handout on Federalists/Anti-Federalists answer the questions below. Be sure your answers are written in complete sentences and that they are FACTUALLY correct.

Federalist Questions

  1. What is a federalist?

  2. What types of people supported the Federalist viewpoint? Name the four groups listed in your text. (P.56)

  3. According to the Federalists, what would happen to the country without a strong national government?

  4. What were the Federalist claims?

  5. Who was one of the authors of The Federalist Papers?

  6. According to the Madison (Federalist #14), what is the difference between a republic and a democracy?

  7. Madison suggests we should remember that the general government is not responsible for “________________________________” the laws.

  8. According to the Federalist #14, what was Madison’s second observation about the “immediate object of the federal Constitution?”

  9. What new improvements will the Constitution facilitate?

  10. What sacrifice should each state make for the union?

  11. When the Federalists agreed to include a Bill of Rights in the Constitution, more small states agreed to ratify the document. Why?

  12. How did Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton help win the battle for ratification of the Constitution in New York?

  13. How many amendments were in the original Bill of Rights?

  14. When was the Bill of Rights ratified? How many amendments of Madison’s original number were ratified?


  1. What is and Anti-Federalist?

  2. Which groups of people mainly supported the Anti-Federalist point of view?

  3. What were four arguments against the Constitution levied by the Anti-Federalists? (P.56)

  4. According to the Anti-Federalists, what might a strong government do?

  5. What would happen if the states lost their power according to the article “Concerns about the Constitution?”

  6. Why did the Anti-Federalists say, “People ought to be cautious about giving away their power?” What might happen?

  7. Who was one of the most important persons apposing the Constitution?

  8. Why was he concerned?

  9. Who are two other important men opposing the ratification of the Constitution?

  10. Who wrote the Bill of Rights after listening to his friends’ advice?

  11. According to Patrick Henry, what will happen if there is no Bill of Rights in the Constitution?

  12. Why do you think ratification was most difficult in the two largest states in the country – New York and Virginia? Explain.

  13. Why would the Anti-Federalists like the compromise to move the capital of the United States to Washington, DC instead of allowing it to remain in New York or Philadelphia?

Follow-up Assignment:

Federalist and Anti-Federalist Debate

Directions: Students are to write TWO letters showing their knowledge of both the Federalist and Anti-Federalist viewpoints. ONE letter supports either the Federalist/Anti-Federalist view, while the other opposes that view. (Example: Letter #1 might support the Federalist position in the Philadelphia Gazette, while the letter attacks the Anti-Federalist view in the Washington Post.)
Letter #1:

Students are to write an editorial letter to the Philadelphia Gazette expressing their support of either the Federalist or the Anti-Federalist view. This letter should include definition of a Federalist or Anti-Federalist, and discuss FOUR reasons WHY they support the position. They need to strongly encourage other to ratify or not ratify the Constitution based on these views. Students may use arguments presented during class.

Position taken ___________________________________________

(support ______ oppose ______ ratification)

Letter #2:

Students are to write an editorial letter to the Washington Post expressing their opposition to EITHER the Federalist or the Anti-Federalist view of the ratification of the Constitution. This letter should CRITISIZE the actions, arguments, discussion taken by the opponents of the view of letter #1. Students need to define the opposing position, and discuss FOUR reasons why this viewpoint should not be supported by the people. These reasons need to be factually presented and explained. The letter should encourage readers to support the writer’s position. Students may use arguments presented during class discussion.

Position taken ___________________________________________

(support ______ oppose ______ ratification)

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