Black Death Medical



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Black Death - Medical

The Black Death was a horrible disease that spread just with being in contact with one who was infected. This type of disease was carried by fleas, which would land on rodents, in this case rats. They would then travel onto the humans from there. It spread so quickly because if you came in contact with someone infected you caught it. Some of the effects of having the disease were this: high fevers, aching limbs, vomiting of blood, and you would also have swelling in the armpits and other areas. These would later turn black, hence the name black death.

125 million people died between 1347 and 1352. Once you got it you were expected to live less than 48 hours. Once the plague finished, an estimation of about 25% to 50% of Europe's population was gone. In Florence, Italy 45% to 75% of their population died in a single year. In Venice, Italy at the height of the disease 500 to 600 people died per day! As you can see, the Black Plague caused so much death and spread so quickly.

In many European cities, the presence of Jews were blamed for the arrival of the plague and they were killed because of this.

Many cities tried to stop the spread of the disease by cremating the dead because of there wasn't enough time or energy to bury them. Others left there cities or went to churches. That is probably the worst case in history, but it still occurred throughout European history. After about 5 or 6 years of the plague, it went away. It still occurs today, but now we have a cure for it.

Once the black death spread it spread very rapidly. It was also extremely contagious. After the symptoms appeared the victim died only a few days later. The symptoms take about seven days to show. People were very frightened because they weren't aware of what was happening. It started in central Asia. 7500 people died each day. This disease was spreading from the people were trading from Europe to the East. Some of the Europeans were aware of the black death and that it was sweeping through Asia in the 1330's. The disease traveled through central Asia and down the trading route. It passed through Turkestan and the Black Sea Region. After Kaffa went under attack by a Tartar army the whole Tartar army was killed by the plague. The people in Kaffia were praising the gods because they believed that this was a blessing from them that they answered their prayers, they saved them and defeated their enemy. But while they were rejoicing the Tartars that survived the black began shooting the the corpses of the plague victims over the wall into Kaffia.

Kaffa's trading route was the same route that the black plague was going on. The ring around the Rosie is a children's nursery rhyme that represented the effects of the Black Death and the Black Plague. In this it says ring around the Rosie which is the first visible sign of infection, red rings around a rosy bump all over the body, pocket full of posies, a common belief that the plague was born on foul air so they believed that if they had poesy in their pocket it would keep the air smelling sweet and also help with the smell of death or this would stand for one of the signs of the sickness would be that a foul stanch would come from the persons body, ashes ashes means that in the phases of the disease, victims would be hemorrhaging internally, sometimes triggering sneezing as it irritated the breathing passages. "Ashes" is a child's approximation of a paroxysm of sneezing. In this weakened state, a victim could, and often did, sneeze their lungs out. Messy... and finally the last line, we all fall down and this I would think wouldn't need any explanation. As you can see this isn't just a children's nursery rhyme it has much more meaning to it.

The Black Death was a horrible disease that spread just with being in contact with one who was infected. This type of disease was carried by fleas, which would land on rodents, in this case rats. They would then travel onto the humans from there. It spread so quickly because if you came in contact with someone infected you caught it. Some of the effects of having the disease were this: high fevers, aching limbs, vomiting of blood, and you would also have swelling in the armpits and other areas. These would later turn black, hence the name black death.

125 million people died within 1347 and 1352. Once you got it you were expected to live less than 48 hours. Once the plague finished, an estimation of about 25% to 50% of Europe's population was gone. In Florence, 45% to 75% of their population died in a single year. In Venice, at the height of the disease 500 to 600 people died per day! As you can see, the Black Plague caused so much death and spread so quickly.

In many European cities, the presence of Jews was blamed for the arrival of the plague and they were killed because of this. Another way they stopped spreading the disease was that they cremated the dead because of there wasn't enough time or energy to bury them. Others left there cities or went to churches. That is probably the worst case in history, but it still occurred throughout European history. After about 5 or 6 years of the plague, it went away. It still occurs today, but now we have a cure for it.


Black Death – Economic

Because of the decrease in population peasants had more land available to them. Land lords also began competing. So many peasants were killed during the Black Death that the few surviving ones were highly demanded in the work force. Because of this demand peasants gained more power and money. Land was cheaper and food was greater. Overall life for the average peasant improved quite a bit. As you can imagine, this did not make the nobles very happy. They tried to stop it and gain all of their power back but they were not so successful.

Your group needs to teach us how the Black Death affected the economy of Europe 20 or 30 years afterward. Europe entered a recession. Like Mr. Robbins said, “There were fewer workers so wages were higher, what was left of the feudal system began to decay rapidly, and the goods left behind by the dead increased the material wealth available to the rest of the population.”

How did societies and cities change during the years of the black death? This may take a bit of digging (so to speak) but I think you folks can handle it. The church's power was weakened, and there were rebellions throughout Europe, like in France, Italy, and England.

How many people died from the Black Plague? 75 million died.

About how much of Europe's population was killed? About 30% to 60%.

Where did the Black Plague begin? Asia.

How did it get to Europe? The Silk Road.



The Hundred Years War

The hundred years war fought within France and England. King Philip IV of France had invaded the English province called Guienne. England's King, Edward III responded by saying that he was the rightful king of France. The Hundred Years War was a French victory. It wasn't just one battle. It was actually dozens of little wars and hundreds of battles.Joan of Arc was a peasant girl born in eastern France. She led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War.


The Magna Carta

The Magna Carta was an enormous change in the way governments operated. As a document, it represented the efforts by the nobles to limit the power of the King. King John was forced to sign it in 1215. It was signed in England but eventually its effects spread across the world and, in particular, to the United States hundreds of years later.



  1. What was the Magna Carta?

The Magna Carta was a document that was intended to give colonists the same freedoms and rights that the people in England had.

  1. Why was it so important?

The colonists forced King John to sign the Magna Carta so that when they left England, they would have the same freedoms as they would have in England.  In the revolutionary war, they wanted to keep the freedoms that King John had given them.

  1. Why was King John so widely hated?

Because he had too much power and the people in his kingdom wanted more rights.

  1. Explain the rights of jury trials and the limits to the power of the King contained in the Magna Carta.

In the Magna Carta, it has many things that are very similar to the Constitution we have today.  It gives them rights at trials like they can’t go to trial unless there is a witness who is honest and truthful.

King John was a very controlling and almost power-hungry king. The Magna Carta was created to relieve the country of some of King John's rule. The Magna Carta didn't create rights for the people, it served to protect the existing rights. The Magna Carta's purpose was only to limit the king's power and make him less of a tyrant. This law was supreme, it was more powerful than even the king himself and he could not go off of it.

Before the Magna Carta King John would throw someone in jail just because he didn't like their face. He taxed everyone more than what was fair to pay for a new crusade(which nobody wanted anyway, except him of course.)

Even after the Magna Carta was signed King John went back on his word, making the people despise him.

Part of the Magna Carta was about sending justices to different areas of the kingdom to hold the court, so in that way King John wasn't the only one making all the decisions. Every man held the right to have a trial in his Lord's court. Also no official can take a man into court with no real evidence. So basically this gave every man the right to defend himself in court and took away King John's right to throw someone in jail because he looked like his cousin Joe, whom he never liked.
The Western Schism

An antipope is a leader who gets appointed as pope when there is already a pope put in place.

The cardinals elected Urban VI after their old pope, Gregory XI, died. After they found out that he violently lost his temper, more than half of the cardinals moved to Anagni, Italy. There they elected Clement VII, an antipope. Then he started acting as a pope in Avingon, France. Some Countries decided to recognize one pope, while other countries recognized the other one. This is what we call “The Western Schism.”

There were a few consequences of the Western Schism. One was that the papal offices started to lose authority. The church was in chaos, and the opposing sides felt strong hatred towards each other. They had disagreements and problems for many years before the issue was resolved. The Western Schism eventually led to the creation of many of the different religions that we have today, because not everybody was sure that the church had the authority that they claimed they did.

The Western Schism was finally resolved when two of the papal candidates, John XXIII and Gregory XII, gave up trying to become pope. The council then excommunicated papal candidate Benedict XIII, which basically means that they kicked him out of the church. Then, the Council elected Martin V to be the pope. This was the end of the Western Schism, although it took a while for the whole church to recognize Martin V as the new pope.

The Hundred Years War

The Hundred Year War was a series of battles between France and England. France was getting weaker and they had been uneasy with the English for a while. The English won most of the battles, but ended up losing the war.

The French king, Charles IV, had recently died and had no children or brothers. His cousin, Phillip, was made king. Edward III was angry. He thought that the crown should have been his. His mother, Isabella, was Charles’ sister. At first, he had no authority to do anything about it. But in 1337, he declared war on France. Edward was not only fighting because he believed that he should have been king, but he also felt that Phillip was becoming a threat to his land in France.

The English won a lot of battles. The French had many devastating losses, but in 1429, after the siege at Orleans, they finally started to turn the war around. Joan of Arc claimed to be told from God to lead French forces into war. They defeated the English in a few battles. The French started to win almost every battle after that.

After the war, the English had lost almost all of their land in France. The rest of their land, Calais, was taken by the French in 1558. The Hundred Years War marked the beginning of the end of the Feudal system. It also brought an improvement to military tactics. Standing armies were brought back, rather than just arches and longbows, because of the invention of gun powder weapons. Major military changes, the fall of the power of nobility, and the fall of the Byzantium Empire all happened in this time. This is one of the most studied time periods because of those reasons.

Crusades

The Europeans justified the crusades because the pope told them that anyone that died in the crusades had a free passage to heaven. The pope also wanted to control the eastern part of Europe. Another thing was that the Christians believed that holy land belonged to them because they were there before the Muslims conquered it.

The people that stared the crusades were the Christians. They were persuaded to fight in the crusades by a speech that pope urban II gave. His speech challenged the Christians to get the holy lands back from the Muslims. The pope also said that they would have a free passage to heaven if they fought in the crusades.

The result of the crusades on the Europeans were that they discovered new land when they were trying to conquer the holy lands back. They also brought great education and new ideas to the people of they holy lands The results on the people of the holy lands were that they got greatly suspicious of the Europeans.

The Europeans justified the Crusasdes by saying that they were taking back the holy land, because Pope Urban II said that it was a Holy War and that was what God wanted them to do.

The Crusades started when Pope Urban II said that the Christians needed to take back the holy land.



What were the results of the Crusades on Europeans and people in the Holy Land? It helped Europeans because it brought back knowledge and ideas from the Holy Land .  It didn’t  help the people in the Holy Land because they were being  invaded.........and well, what would happen to you if Rexburg was invaded?


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