Berlin Airlift (Slide 2 )



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Berlin Airlift

  • The victorious forces at the end of the war – U.S, Britain, France and the Soviet Union (Russia) divided Germany into four zones.  They also divided Berlin into four zones. Each of the victorious nations controlled one zone and one sector of Berlin.


Berlin Airlift (Slide 2 )

  • The Allies (Britain, America and France) ran their zones differently to the areas controlled by Russia. Russia wanted to keep Germany as weak as possible to ensure that Russia itself was never attacked again by Germany.


Berlin Airlift (Slide 3 )


Berlin Airlift (Slide 4 )

  • The idea of a strong, independent militarized, West Germany infuriated Stalin. Russia had suffered horribly as result of two invasions during the two world wars. Stalin wanted to keep Germany poor and subservient to Russia.


Berlin Airlift (Slide 5 )

  • The biggest problem for Stalin was that the German people of the Russian controlled block could not see the prosperity that was occurring in the other zones - but they could see the difference in Berlin as three of the zones in Berlin were controlled by the Allies and prospered accordingly. Therefore, to Stalin, the Allies being in Berlin was the problem. He needed to remove them from Berlin and have a Russian controlled city as opposed to a segment of that city


Berlin Airlift (Slide 6)

  • Stalin could not forcibly remove the Allies - he still had to reckon with America having the A-bomb and Russia did not in 1948. He therefore ordered the closing of all rail lines, canals and roads that entered west Berlin through the Russian sector.


Berlin Airlift (Slide 7)

  • Stalin cut off electricity, supplies of food and fuel in an attempt to force the allies out of Beelin. The only way for the Allies to supply their sectors in Berlin was to fly in supplies. Stalin would not dare to shoot down Allied planes with America's atomic supremacy. Flights into Berlin lasted for 11 months and when in became clear that the Allies would stand firm, Stalin gave in. The Allies remained in their sectors in Berlin.


Results of the Berlin Airlift (Slide 8)

  • The Berlin Blockade did more harm to Stalin than good.

  • The allies strengthened their ties to West Germany, while the Soviets caused undue hardship for East Germany.

  • The East German Economy, which was weak to begin with was severely effected since it depended on supplies and materials coming from West Germany. When it was cut of from supplies and resources its industries were forced to shut down.

  • Created tension between the U.S and the USSR.


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