Before pop music as we know it today



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Intro to Music 7

•••••••••

History

of

American Popular Music



–Part 1–

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“Music is the soundtrack of your life.”


Dick Clark 

(1929–2011)

DJ and Host of “American Bandstand”
History

of

American Popular Music


•••••••••
Early American Music

to the


1950s

BEFORE POP MUSIC AS WE KNOW IT TODAY




  1. ____CLASSICAL_____________ Music—Popular music of its day, from Europe and other countries

    1. ____OPERA____________—Musical play where everything is sung

      1. ______ARIA_______—Song from opera that became popular

    1. ____ORCHESTRA________—Large group of instruments with no singing

  1. Early American _______FOLK MUSIC_______________________________

    1. _________STEPHEN FOSTER__________________________________ (1826–1864)

      1. From _____LAWRENCEVILLE, PA (NEIGHBORHOOD OF PITTSBURGH)___________________

        1. ___“OH, SUSANNA”_____________________________________________

        2. ___“CAMPTOWN RACES”________________________________________

  2. _____PATRIOTIC___________________________ Music

    1. _____JOHN PHILLIP SOUSA__________________________ (1854–1932)

      1. Wrote music for ____MARCHING BANDS________________________________

        1. Known as ___“THE MARCH KING”____________________________________

      2. ____”STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER”______________________

    2. _____GEORGE M. COHAN_________________________________________(1878–1942)

      1. Wrote and performed in _____STAGE MUSICALS________________________________

      2. ____“YANKEE DOODLE DANDY”______________________

      3. ____“OVER THERE”______—popular during _______ WORLD WAR I__________

  3. _____AMERICAN MUSICAL THEATER_____

    1. History goes back to _____OPERA_____

    2. _____VAUDEVILLE_____—Traveling comic variety shows in the early 1900s

    3. Stage musicals and _________MUSICAL FILMS_________ were popular in the 1920s and 1930s.

      1. The ____GREAT DEPRESSION _______________ caused them to be less popular.

    4. The Golden Age of American musical theater (40s to 60s) began with ___OKLAHOMA!_______

  4. _____JAZZ_________________

    1. ______RAGTIME___________

      1. Popular ___JAZZ PIANO__________ music

      2. Used a lot of ____SYNCOPATION____________

        1. Very _____RHYTHMIC________ music not common to classical music

      3. __________”THE ENTERTAINER”—SCOTT JOPLIN______________________

    2. ______SWING___________—also known as _____“BIG BAND”__________ music

      1. Most popular from ______1920s THROUGH 1940s______________

      2. Size ranged between ________15 AND 30____________ members

      3. Music that was mostly for _____FUN AND DANCING____________

      4. During WWII it helped to take people’s minds off of the _________WAR___________ and the __________BAD ECONOMY_______________

      5. ______“IN THE MOOD”—GLENN MILLER ORCHESTRA______________________________

      6. ______“SING, SING, SING”—BENNY GOODMAN ORCHESTRA_________________________

        1. Known as __________“THE KING OF SWING”___________________________________

        2. The first to have both ______BLACKS_____ and ______WHITES______ in his orchestra

      7. ______BOOGIE WOOGIE BUGLE BOY—ANDREW SISTERS___________________________

    3. _____CROONING______________

      1. Coroners began adding _________PERSONAL STYLE______________ into their singing

      2. ___”PENNIES FROM HEAVEN”—BING CROSBY_____________________________________

      3. ___”I’LL NEVER SMILE AGAIN”—FRANK SINATRA___________________________________

      4. ___”MONA LISA”—NAT KING COLE______________________________________________




    1. _____BLUES_____________________

      1. Originated from ________SLAVE__________________________ music

        1. They brought their ________AFRICAN CULTURE_______________ with them

        2. Came from the _______MISERY_______ of their hard lives

      1. ________”STORMY BLUES”—BILLIE HOLIDAY__________________________

      2. ________”BASIN STREET BLUES”—LOUIS ARMSTRONG__________________

      3. ________”I’M YOUR HOOCHIE COOCHIE MAN’”—MUDDY WATERS_________________

    1. _____GOSPEL__________________

      1. Religious or ______SACRED_________ music that originated from slave music

      2. Also known as ______SPIRITUALS___________________

      3. ____”SWING LOW, SWEET CHARIOT”____________________________________________

    2. ______RHYTHM & BLUES (R&B)____________________________________________________

      1. Combination of _____BLUES__________ and __________GOSPEL___________ styles

      2. _______”MAMA, HE TREATS YOUR DAUGHTER MEAN”—RUTH BROWN_________________

      3. _______”CALDONIA”—LOUIS JORDAN____________________________________________

      4. _______”BO DIDDLEY”—BO DIDDLEY_____________________________________________

      5. _______”AIN’T THAT A SHAME”—FATS DOMINO___________________________________

  1. _____COUNTRY_________________

    1. Originated in the ______RURAL SOUTHEAST________________

    2. Known as:

      1. ____HILLBILLY_________, ____MOUNTAIN___________, and ____BLUEGRASS__________

    3. Primary instruments:

      1. _____FIDDLE_______

      2. _____BANJO_______

      3. _____GUITAR_______

    4. Songs were simple and usually about:

      1. _____RURAL LIFE_______

      2. _____RELIGION_______

      3. _____SIMPLE, EVERYDAY TOPICS_______

    5. Most early country musicians were _____COMMON LABORERS _______with other jobs and performed on the side

      1. _____FARMERS_______

      2. _____RAILROAD WORKERS_______

      3. _____MILL WORKERS_______

      4. _____COAL MINERS_______

    6. Early _______RADIO________ helped hillbilly music to become popular

      1. _____”BARN DANCE” _______ broadcasts were variety shows with a “family gathering” feel

        1. Eventually led to the ____GRAND OLE OPRY _______________________________

      2. Radio stations in other cities helped to spread this music north:

        1. ________NASHVILLE_____________

        2. _______CINCINNATI_____________

        3. ________CHICAGO______________

    7. Examples:

      1. _____”WAITING FOR A TRAIN”—LITTLE JIMMIE RODGERS _______(1930s)

      2. _____”BACK IN THE SADDLE AGAIN”—GENE AUTRY _______(1940s)

        1. From Texas and started the “cowboy” image by the way he ________DRESSED________

      3. ______”I’M SO LONESOME I COULD CRY”—HANK WILLIAMS _____(1940s)

      4. ______”DON’T TAKE YOUR GUNS TO TOWN”—JOHNNY CASH ______(1950s)



MUSIC PRODUCTION, SALES, AND TECHNOLOGY


  1. Music Production and Sales Developments

    1. ______TIN PAN ALLEY____________—Area in New York City where many music publishing companies and songwriters were located

      1. Sold ___SHEET MUSIC___________________—printed music to be played on the piano

      2. Hired ___________SONGWRITERS_____________ to produce music to sell and __________SONG PLUGGERS___________ to demonstrate songs to promote sales

      3. ______PERFORMERS_______ came to find new music for their acts

    1. _______BILLBOARD__________—Weekly international magazine devoted to the music industry

      1. Tracks the most popular _____SONGS AND ALBUMS______ in various categories:

        1. ______HOT 100 ____________________—Top 100 songs

        2. ______BILLBOARD 200 ______________—Top 200 albums

        3. ______INDVIDUAL CHARTS _____________—Rock, Country, Dance, Jazz, Classical, Christian, Latin, Pop, Electronic, R&B, Rap, Comedy, etc.

          1. http://www.thefullwiki.org/Billboard_charts

      1. ________RANKING____________ on the charts is based on:

        1. ______MUSIC SALES—CDs, DOWNLOADS, STREAMING____________________

        2. ______RADIO AIRPLAY______________________________________________

  1. Recording Devices

    1. ______PHONOGRAPH____________—First device for recording and replaying sound

      1. Invented by ___THOMAS EDISON_______________________________ in 1877

      2. Recorded onto ____CYLINDERS__________ that could be played only once

    1. ______GRAMOPHONE____________

      1. Invented by ___________EMILE BERLINER______________ in 1887

      2. Recorded onto flat discs or ______RECORDS_________ that could be played multiple times

  1. Music Broadcasting

    1. _____CRYSTAL SET_______________—Earliest radio receiver

      1. Used ______HEADPHONES______________ because of its weak sound

    1. _________TUBE SET______________—Replaced crystal set

      1. Had _____SPEAKERS___________ to project sound

      2. ____FAMILIES___________ sat around it to listen to _______RADIO SHOWS______

        1. Predecessor to the ____TELEVISION__________

    1. _____KDKA_______________—First commercial radio station, created in 1920

    2. _____MTV__________—First TV station devoted to music, primarily videos

  1. Music Recording and Playback

    1. _______JUKEBOX______________________________

      1. Became very popular during _________WORLD WAR II______________________________

        1. Allowed people to enjoy music ____WITHOUT THE LIVE BAND_____________________

    1. _____RECORDS____________________

      1. ___RPM—REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE______________________________________

        1. ______78 RPM__________________________

          1. First records that played __________ONLY ON ONE SIDE__________________

        1. ______33⅓ RPM___________________

          1. Larger 12-inch disc with ____MULTIPLE SONGS______________ on each side

          2. Referred to as ____“LP”—LONG-PLAYING___________

        1. _____45 RPM___________________________

          1. Referred to as a __________“SINGLE”___________ with one song on each side

    1. _____8-TRACK TAPES___________________—Most popular in the 1970s

    2. _____CASSETTE TAPES__________________—Most popular in the late 1970s and 1980s

    3. _____COMPACT DISCS (CDs)_____________—Became popular in the 1990s

  1. Music Awards

    1. __________GRAMMY AWARDS________________

      1. Established in 1959 by _____NATIONAL ACADEMY OF RECORDING ARTS AND SCIENCES____

      2. Given for _______OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENT_____ in the music industry

      3. Named for and fashioned after the _____GRAMOPHONE______

    2. Other awards include:

      1. ____MTV MUSIC VIDEO AWARDS____

      2. ____AMERICAN MUSIC AWARDS____

      3. ____COUNTRY MUSIC AWARDS______

      4. ____ACADEMY AWARDS_____—Best original song for a film


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