Battle of Stalingrad

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Battle of Stalingrad
Fought in Europe, the Battle of Stalingrad was considered to be the turning point for Germany. Hitler wanted Stalingrad in order to control nearby oil fields. The battle was fought during the winter of 1942-1943. Russia put up quite a fight against Germany, regaining all taken land during the night. Germany lost a lot of soldiers because of the harsh winter Hitler did not account for. The Battle of Stalingrad was a huge defeat for Germany who finally surrendered.
"The Battle of Stalingrad." History Learning Site. Web. 10 May 2010. .
On June 6th, 1944, many Allied troops landed in Normandy, France. The Allies wanted to liberate France. Germany put up a strong fight but eventually the Allies took over. Germany only had a few troops left after the Allies’ attack. This attack was also referred to as “Operation Overlord”. France was finally liberated by the Allies.
"D-Day - Information, Facts, and Links." ENotes - Literature Study Guides, Lesson Plans, and More. Web. 10 May 2010. .

VE Day
Germany signed their unconditional surrender at Rheims on May 7th and it was ratified at Berlin on May 8th. May 8th, 1945 is the day we celebrate this unconditional surrender. VE Day stands for “Victory in Europe Day”. This is because Germany’s surrender ended the war in Europe. The Allies now had to move on to the Pacific to fight Japan.
"World War II: Allied Victory in Europe —" Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Web. 10 May 2010. .
Japan attacked the Philippines on December 8th, 1941. This was only a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Since it was only one day after a different attack, the Allies’ reaction time was slow. General Douglas MacArthur led the defense against Japan. Given orders to defend Australia right away, MacArthur famously declared, “I shall return”. Once the battles were over, liberation of the Philippines finally began in October 1944.
"The Philippines December 8, 1941 - May 8, 1942 - World War II Multimedia Database." World War II Multmedia Database. Web. 10 May 2010. .

Battle of Coral Sea
This battle was the first where the opposing fleets could not even see each other. Another important note about this battle was that it was fought entirely with aircraft. The Japanese wanted to take Port Moresby to cut Australia off. The Allies did defeat the Japanese however. The actual fighting took place from May 4th to May 8th.
"Battle of the Coral Sea." History Web Pages. Web. 10 May 2010. .
This battle took place between August 1942 and February 1943. The focus point during this battle was the Henderson Field Airport. The weather was miserable and not ideal for fighting conditions. This battle was expensive for both the Allies and Japan. Fortunately, the Allies held up and Japan had to endure a costly retreat.
"Guadalcanal Campaign, August 1942 - February 1943." Naval History and Heritage Command. Web. 10 May 2010. .
The Enola Gay was used to carry two atomic bombs. These bombs were meant to end the war. Their nicknames were “Little Boy” and “Fat Man”. On January 18th, 1945, the first bombers landed. Tinian had the largest airport in WW2. The Allies wanted Tinian because it was much closer to Japan’s mainland.
Played, Tinian. "Tinian." The Northern Mariana Islands. Web. 10 May 2010. .
Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Engineer project was set up in the United States in 1942. The plan was to create atomic bombs before the Axis Powers could. President Franklin Roosevelt supported this project with billions of dollars and it was all top secret. On July 16th, 1945, the first three atomic bombs were tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico. Truman, who became president after the death of Roosevelt, decided to bomb Japan to try and end the war quickly and save American soldiers.
Meitner, Lise. "Manhattan Project." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. Web. 10 May 2010. .
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6th, 1945, the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The nickname for this bomb was “Little Boy”. This bomb has caused the death of around 200,000 people. However, Japan did not surrender right away. Three days later, the Allies dropped another atomic bomb nicknamed “Fat Man” on Nagasaki.
Meitner, Lise. "Manhattan Project." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. Web. 10 May 2010. .
VJ Day
VJ Day took place on August 15th, 1945. It stands for Victory in Japan Day. The Emperor of Japan accepted an unconditional surrender to the Allies on this date. World War 2 was finally over. An estimated 60,000,000 people were killed within 6 years. After the war, goals were set to reshape Europe, restrict Japan, and construct the United Nations.
"Victory in Japan (V-J) Day — Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." The History Channel — Home Page. Web. 10 May 2010. .

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