Bakersfield College Crim B8 Criminal Investigation Final Quiz Name: Date: Chapter 20

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Bakersfield College

Crim B8 Criminal Investigation

Final Quiz
Name: _________________________ Date: ___________________
Chapter 20

  1. One of the most common forms of entry in a burglary is

    1. transom entry

    2. key entry

    3. skylight entry

    4. window/door entry

    5. none of the above

  1. Burglary is considered to be a seasonal crime, occurring more frequently in the

    1. winter months

    2. spring months

    3. summer months

    4. fall months

    5. none of the above

  1. The vast majority of burglaries are

    1. commercial

    2. residential

    3. of business offices

    4. of shopping centers

    5. of convenience stores

  1. Burglaries of middle-class or poor residences are more likely to be committed by

    1. adults

    2. professionals

    3. females

    4. members of the lower class

    5. juveniles

  1. Research indicates that burglaries of hotel rooms are more likely to be committed by

    1. older, more experienced professionals

    2. a transient looking for items to pawn

    3. other hotel guests

    4. juveniles

    5. none of the above

  1. According to the text, in burglaries involving large amounts of merchandise or very valuable property, there is likely to be

    1. accomplices with walkie-talkies acting as lookouts

    2. a report of a large vehicle transporting the merchandise

    3. a large group of individuals involved in the burglary

    4. an inside informant working with a burglar

    5. none of the above

  1. The most common form of physical evidence sought in a crime scene search of a burglary is

    1. fingerprints

    2. point of entry

    3. missing property

    4. signs/marks of forced entry

    5. DNA

  1. According to the authors, successful crime scene processing of a burglary begins with the

    1. initial officer on the scene

    2. criminal investigator

    3. victim

    4. crime scene technician

    5. specialized burglary task force unit

  1. Even though burglary is classified as a property crime in the Uniform Crime Reports, it still has a direct impact on the victims, who frequently feel violated by the offense.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. To establish a burglary charge, it is necessary for the investigator to demonstrate that property was taken from the crime scene.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. Trace evidence such as blood, saliva, footprints, hair, and fibers cannot establish a link between the perpetrator and the crime scene.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. The uniqueness of burglary investigation rests in large measure on the use of records and information about stolen property.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. A number of police departments employ solvability factors (including the Kern County Sheriff’s Office) as a means of screening cases to identify those with the highest probability of solution.

    1. True

    2. False

Chapter 21

  1. To minimize the loss of physical evidence at the scene of a fire, every fire should be

    1. extinguished only by trained firefighters

    2. reported to the fire marshal

    3. reported to the local insurance investigator

    4. treated as a potential crime scene

    5. none of the above

  1. According to the text, during an arson investigation, neighbors or tenants in the same building or one nearby should be questioned because

    1. they may have received damage to their property

    2. they may be injured and need assistance

    3. they may have observed unusual activity immediately before the fire was reported

    4. they may want to file a police report

    5. all of the above

  1. It is recommended that photographs and films taken of bystanders at recent fires should be scrutinized to determine if

    1. the fire was extinguished efficiently and quickly

    2. any bystanders were injured or mistreated by any public official

    3. the surrounding area and bystanders were properly protected from the fire and smoke

    4. the same individual appears at several fires, or whether a suspect generated subsequently was a spectator at the fire

    5. all of the above

  1. Arson crime scenes, as compared to scenes of other crimes, have some unique disadvantages for physical evidence. Evidence may be destroyed by flames and heat and/or may be

    1. improperly collected and preserved by the arson investigator

    2. washed away by pressure hoses

    3. overlooked by a careless investigator

    4. stolen by curious onlookers

    5. all of the above

  1. The three components required for fire are

    1. a fuel, carbon monoxide, and a heat source

    2. a fuel, oxygen, and a heat source

    3. a fuel, a burnable material, and a heat source

    4. a fuel, carbon dioxide, and heat

    5. none of the above

  1. The presence or absence of __________, a by-product of combustion, in the respiratory passages of an alleged victim of a fire can indicate whether the person was alive or dead at the time of the fire.

    1. carbon monoxide

    2. carbon dioxide

    3. blood

    4. oxygen

    5. soot

  1. The most common accelerant is

    1. gasoline

    2. turpentine

    3. lighter fluid

    4. kerosene

    5. phosphorus

  1. An irresistible impulse or compulsion to start a fire or set something on fire is termed

    1. trailing

    2. psychotic arsonist

    3. sensual gratification

    4. pyromania

    5. none of the above

  1. In cases of suspected arson, the initial site of the fire may be determined from the physical evidence and traces remaining after the fire is extinguished.

    1. True

    2. False

Chapter 22

  1. A computer scam in which a victim is contacted by e-mail and is asked for their social security number that can be used to defraud the victim is called

    1. spoofing

    2. spying

    3. phishing

    4. spyware

    5. none of the above

  1. The organization that serves as a “clearinghouse” for information on the exploitation of women and children is

    1. the FBI


    3. MADD

    4. the USPS

    5. the USDA

  1. In the United States, most of the illegal trafficking in body parts centers on the illegal removal of organs by

    1. doctors

    2. nurses

    3. hospital staff

    4. organized crime

    5. funeral parlors

  1. According to the text, the crime of entering a private and occupied dwelling with the intent of committing a crime, often while threatening the resident of the dwelling, is knows as

    1. a home invasion

    2. a break and enter

    3. a threatened robbery

    4. residence fraud

    5. nighttime burglary

  1. The most common types of identity theft are fraud, theft, and misrepresentation.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. According to a report, in the text, 61 percent of computers in the United States are infected with spyware.

    1. True

    2. False

Chapter 23

  1. The responsibility for investigating terrorist acts in the United States rested with

    1. the Federal Bureau of Investigation

    2. local law enforcement agencies

    3. the Central Intelligence Agency

    4. the International Terrorism Task Force

    5. the Department of Homeland Security

  1. Terrorism as a political activity has a long history in the United States, with terrorist tactics frequently being employed by

    1. racist groups

    2. organized labor

    3. corporations (against union leaders and striking employees)

    4. all of the above

    5. none of the above

  1. The _________________ was signed into law on October 26, 2001, in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

    1. Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act

    2. Right to Privacy Act

    3. National Security Act

    4. USA PATRIOT Act

    5. none of the above

  1. According to the text, the consensus in the United States is that terrorism itself is not a crime, but rather a phenomenon that accompanies more traditional crimes, such as murder, bombing, or kidnapping, and is used to

    1. generate widespread attention to a particular cause

    2. develop a sense of recognition with government officials

    3. establish a network for media exposure to a particular cause

    4. create a climate of terror within a community or a particular group

    5. all of the above

  1. ___________________ may be defined as the belief of a reasonably prudent person, based on specific facts that can be articulated, that an investigation is justified in order to determine if probable cause exists to issue a warrant, or to support some other appropriate police action (such as an arrest).

    1. Probable cause

    2. Reasonable cause

    3. Preponderance of the evidence

    4. Reasonable suspicion

    5. none of the above

  1. A proactive investigation focuses on the gathering of evidence that proves or disproves

    1. the involvement of a suspected perpetrator in a crime

    2. any alibi evidence proffered by the various suspects

    3. the involvement of a terrorist group in the commission of the crime

    4. the existence of a terrorism-based conspiracy

    5. all of the above

  1. According to the text, one of the most important components of terrorist-related investigations is

    1. cooperating with other country’s law enforcement agencies

    2. the collection and preservation of physical evidence

    3. international relations

    4. the detection and apprehension of the suspects

    5. the recognition of legal evidence for testimonial purposes in court

  1. According to the authors, the success of terrorist-related investigations in the recent past has been largely due to the high level of cooperation between local, state, and federal officials.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. Terrorism can be defined as the use of force or the fear of force to achieve a political end.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. Most terrorist acts do not involve bombing, kidnapping, hostage-taking, or assassination.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. For the most part, the anti-abortion movement in the United States consists largely of individuals and groups operating violently and outside of the law to end legalized abortion, or to shut down medical practices where abortions are carried out.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. Assassination attempts that are carried out by terrorist groups are generally planned well in advance.

    1. True

    2. False

Chapter 24

  1. A law known as ___________ makes it possible for police to seize a criminal’s assets that are being used in criminal enterprises.

    1. property confiscation

    2. property forfeiture

    3. Criminal Property Seizure Act

    4. RICO

    5. none of the above

  1. Because law enforcement throughout the world has had some success in fighting enterprise crime, many groups have introduced new _______________ to pass decisions on or carry out street-level activities.

    1. spin-off groups

    2. “layers” of people

    3. co-directors

    4. kingpins

    5. splinter groups

  1. According to the authors, the Mafia is successful largely because of its

    1. ability to corrupt public officials and police

    2. emphasis on preying upon the weak

    3. development of an organizational structure that is difficult for law enforcement to penetrate

    4. all of the above

    5. none of the above

  1. The development of information and intelligence relative to sources and methods of supply and the distribution networks within a city are considered to be a key investigative activity of

    1. murder investigations

    2. drug-related investigations

    3. gang identifications

    4. burglary investigations

    5. robbery investigations

  1. According to the text, in today’s society, it is relatively easy to arrest street-level pushers or locate crack houses, but much more difficult to conduct successful investigations into the

    1. drugs’ point of entry into the United States

    2. individuals who purchase the drugs

    3. individuals responsible for transporting the drugs into the country

    4. hierarchy of the criminal network

    5. locate street-corner markets

  1. According to the authors, the most effective means of collecting information in drug-related investigations is

    1. drug task forces

    2. undercover work

    3. paid informants

    4. computers

    5. surveillance

  1. In some criminal gangs, especially in the United States, new members are recruited from prisons because this lessens the possibility of infiltration by law enforcement officers.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. According to the text, knowing how a criminal group works will provide the investigator with a basis for building a criminal case against them.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. Drug cartels are noted for killing informants or turnarounds and for going to almost any length to protect their leadership.

    1. True

    2. False

  1. During the 1980s and 1990s, the investigation of drug-related cases became a specialized form of investigation in the majority of police departments and agencies.

    1. True

    2. False

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