Background Reading Ebooks/Chapters



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----------Background Reading----------

Ebooks/Chapters

• Birkhimer, William Edward. (1884). Historical Sketch of the Organization, Administration, Material and Tactics of the Artillery, United States Army, (pp. 84-103). Washington DC: James J. Chapman.

• Dastrup, Boyd L. (1992). Field Artillery in the Civil War: 1861-1865. King of Battle: A Branch History of the U.S. Army's Field Artillery (pp. 89-122). Virginia: United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.

• McKeney, Janice E. (2007). The Civil War. The Organizational History of Field Artillery 1775-2003, (pp. 47-73). Washington DC: Center of Military History.

• The Century War Series staff. (1887). Battles & Leaders of the Civil War. NY: The Century Co.

• U.S. Army Field Artillery School. (1984). Civil War. Right of the Line: A History of the American Field Artillery. Fort Sill: U.S. Army Field Artillery School.



Online Sources

The Civil War Sesquicentennial [www.history.army.mil]

Civil War Trust - Saving America's Civil War Battlefields [www.civilwar.org]

Home of the American Civil War [www.civilwarhome.com]



----------Artillery----------

Articles

Alexander, E.P. (1866). Confederate Artillery Service. Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. 11, 98-113.

• Cotner, James R. (1996). America's Civil War: Horses and Field Artillery. America's Civil War Magazine.

•Cotner, James R. (1996). Horsepower Moves the Guns. HistoryNet.com

• Crookshanks, Ben. (1996). Sergeant Milton Humphreys Concept of Indirect Fire. America's Civil War Magazine.

• Morelock, Jerry D. (1986). Wait for the Wagon!: Combat Service Support for the Civil War Battery. Field Artillery Journal, 54, 2, 14-19.

• Morgan, Jim. (1990). “Mounted But Not Mounted”, The Confusing Terminology of Artillery. Camp Chase Gazette.

• Morgan, Jim. (1996). “Green Ones and Black One”, The Most Common Field Pieces of the Civil War. Camp Chase Gazette, 23, 7.

• America's Civil War. (2010). Bring Out the Big Guns. America's Civil War, 23, 5.

• Civil War Times. (2005). Boom with a View. Civil War Times, 44,5.

• E.J.H. (2009). Mortars Big and Small. Civil War Times, 48, 5.

• McCaul, Ed. (1997). The Civil War Saw Rapid Technological Advances in Artillery Projectiles and their Accompanying. America's Civil War, 10, 1.

•Houting, Scott P. (2002). The 3-inch Ordnance Rifle Developed by John Griffen Became the Civil War's Most Reliable. America's Civil War, 14, 6.

• Swain, Craig. (2011). Yankee Super Gun. Civil War Times, 50, 4.



Student Papers

• Daniels, William Jeffrey. (2008). The Confederate King of Battle: A Comparison of the Field Artillery Corps of The Army of Northern Virginia and The Army of Tennessee. Kansas: U.S. Army Command & General Staff College.

• Dunfield. (1970). Swamp Angel. Fort Sill: U.S. Field Artillery School.

• Wilson, Jerre W. (1993). The Evolution of Field Artillery Organization and Employment During the American Civil War. Newport: U.S. Army War College.



Online Sources

• Civil War Artillery Projectiles [www.civilwarartillery.com]

• Field Artillery in the Civil War [www.cwartillery.com]

• Introduction to Civil War Artillery [http://ehistory.osu.edu]

• Rodman's Great Guns [www.civilwarartillery.com]

----------Primary Sources----------

• Abbot, Henry L. (1867). Siege Artillery in the Campaigns Against Richmond, with Notes on the 15-Inch Gun. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.

• Anderson, Robert. (1860). Evolutions of Field Batteries of Artillery: Translated from the French and Arranged for the Army and Militia of the United States. NY: D. Van Nostrand.

• Barnard, John Gross & Barry, William Farquhar. (1863). Report of the Engineer and Artillery Operations of the Army of the Potomac: From Its Organization to the Close of the Peninsular Campaign. NY: D. Van Nostrand.

• Confederate States of America, War Department. (1863). The Ordnance Manual for the use of the Officers of the Confederate Army. Charleston: Evans & Cogswell.

• French, William Henry, Barry, William Farquhar, and Hunt, Henry Jackson. (1864). The 1864 Field Artillery Tactics. Washington D.C.: U.S. War Department.

• Gibbon, John. (1860). The Artillerist's Manual. NY: D. Van Nostrand.

• Hunt, O.E. (2005). The Ordnance Department of the Federal Army. NY: Review of Reviews Co.

• Mordecai, Alfred. (1860). Military Commission to Europe in 1855 and 1856. Washington: George W. Bowman, Printer.

• Mallet, J.W. & Hunt, O.E. (2005). The Ordnance of the Confederacy.

• Patten, George. (1863). Artillery Drill: Containing Instruction in the School of the Piece and Battery Moves. NY: J.W. Fortune.

• Roberts, Joseph. (2010). The Handbook of Artillery for the Service of the United States, Army and Militia. MT: Kessinger Publishing, LLC.

• U.S. Army Ordnance Department. (1849). Artillery for the United States Land Service. Washington DC: J. and G.S. Gideon.

• U.S. Army Ordnance Department. (1862). The Ordnance Manual for the use of the officers of the United States Army. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.

• U.S. War Department. (1845). Instruction for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot. Baltimore: Joseph Robinson.

• U.S. War Department. (1861). Instruction for Heavy Artillery: Prepared by a Board of Officers, for the use of the Army of the United States. Charleston: Presses of Evans & Cogswell.

• U.S. War Department. (1863). Revised United States Army Regulations of 1861. Washington: Government Printing Office.

• U.S. War Department. (1880-1901). The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Government Printing Office.



----------Artillerists----------

Articles

• Leese, Douglas G. (1997). Lieutenant Colonel John Pelham: The Extraordinary Artillerist. Field Artillery Journal, 65, 5, 30-33.

• Stegmaier, Robert M. (1979). Dilger-Artilleryman of Note. Field Artillery Journal, 47, 58-59.

• Stegmaier, Robert M. (1980). Pelham-Gallant Artilleryman. Field Artillery Journal, 48, 2, 50-52.

• Trussell Jr., J.B.B. (1949). Pelham-Gallant Gunner. Field Artillery Journal, 39, 2, 59-63.

• Volk, Karl W. (1978). Redlegs in Blue and Gray. Field Artillery Journal, 46, 1, 34-37.

Carmichael, Peter S. (2004). The Classics: A General Struggles to Reconcile War with Christianity. Memoirs of William Nelson Pendleton, D.D. Civil War Times, 43, 1.

• Jordan, Jonathan W. (2006). E.P. Alexander Distinguished Himself as a Confederate Artillery Officer and Aeronaut. Military History, 22, 10.



Printed Sources

• Hassler, William W. (1960). Colonel John Pelham : Lee's Boy Artillerist. Richmond: Garrett & Massie.

• Longacre, Edward G. (1977). The Man Behind the Guns: A Biography of General Henry Jackson Hunt, Chief of Artillery, Army of the Potomac. NJ: A.S. Barnes.

• McWhiney, Grady. (1969). Braxton Bragg and Confederate Defeat. NY: Columbia University Press.

• Mercer, Philip. (1929). The Life of the Gallant Pelham. Macon: The J.W. Burke Company.

• Seitz, Don Carlos. (1924). Braxton Bragg, General of the Confederacy. Columbia S.C.: The State Company.



----------Select Bibliography----------

• Alexander, E.P. (1907). Military Memoirs of a Confederate. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Call Number: E545 .A54

• Bell, Jack. (2003). Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance: A Guide to Large Artillery Projectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines. TX: University of North Texas Press.

Call Number: UF753 .B44 2003

• Brown, Thaddeus C. (2000). Behind the Guns: The History of Battery I, 2nd Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery. Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press.

Call Number: E505.8 2ND .B76 2000

• Daniel, Larry J. (1984). Cannoneers in Gray: The Field Artillery of the Army of Tennessee, 1861-1865. Alabama: University of Alabama Press.

Call Number: E579.4 .D36 1984

• Dean, Thomas S. (1985). Cannons: An Introduction to Civil War Artillery. PA: Thomas Publications.

Call Number: UF23 .T45 1985

• Hazlett, James C. (1988). Field Artillery Weapons of the Civil War, 2nd Ed. Newark: University of Delaware Press.

Call Number: UF443 .H39 1988

• Huger, Frank. (2011). Col. Frank Huger, C.S.A.: The Civil War Letters of a Confederate Artillery Officer. N.C.: McFarland & Co.

Call Number: E605 .H888 2011

• Hughes, Nathaniel Cheairs. (1997). The Pride of the Confederate Army: The Washington Artillery in the Army of Tennessee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Call Number: E565.7 .W2 H84 1997

• Jones, Charles H. (2001). Artillery Fuses of the Civil War. VA: O'Donnell Publications.

Call Number: UF780 .J66 2001 FSRC

• Katcher, Philip. (2001). American Civil War Artillery: 1861-1865 (I) Field Artillery. Oxford: Osprey Military.

Call Number: UF443 .K19 2001 (1)

• Katcher, Philip. (2001). American Civil War Artillery: 1861-1865 (II) Heavy Artillery. Oxford: Osprey Military.

Call Number: UF443 .K19 2001 (2)

• Kerksis, Sydney C. & Dickey, Thomas S. (1972). Heavy Artillery Projectiles of the Civil War, 1861-1865. GA: Phoenix Press.

Call Number: UF753 .K42

• Laboda, Lawrence R. (1994). From Selma to Appomattox: The History of the Jeff Davis Artillery. PA: White Mane Pub.

Call Number: E547 .J4 L33 1994

• Lampley, Dennis J. (2007). Captain Ed Baxter & His Tennessee Artillerymen, C.S.A. Nashville: Westview Book Publishing.

Call Number: E579.8.B39 L36 2007

• Langellier, John P. (1998). Redlegs: The U.S. Artillery from the Civil War to the Spanish-American War, 1861-1898. PA: Stackpole Books.

Call Number: UF23 .L36 1998

• Langellier, John P. (2000). Terrible Swift Sword: Union Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry, 1861-1865. PA: Stackpole Books.

Call Number: E491 .L36 2000

• Manigault, Edward. (1996). Siege Train: The Journal of a Confederate Artilleryman in the Defense of Charleston. Charleston: University of South Carolina Press.

Call Number: E475.62 .M36 1996

• McCaul, Edward B. (2010). The Mechanical Fuze and the Advance of Artillery in the Civil War. N.C.: McFarland & Co.

Call Number: E492.6 .M33 2010

• McWhiney, Grady. (1982). Attack and Die: Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage. Alabama: University of Alabama Press.

Call Number: E545 .M38

• Moore, Edward Alexander. (1910). The Story of a Cannoneer Under Stonewall Jackson. VA: J.P. Bell Company, Inc.

• Morton, John Watson. (1909). Forrest's Artillery. Gaithersburg: Olde Soldier Books, Inc.

Call Number: E547 .M88

• Naisawald, L. VanLoan. (2004). Cannon Blasts: Civil War Artillery in the Eastern Armies. PA: White Mane.

Call Number: E470 .N35 2004

• Owen, William Miller. (1999). In Camp and Battle with the Washington Artillery of New Orleans. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Call Number: E565.7 .W2 1999

• Shultz, David. (1995). Double Canister at Ten Yards: The Federal Artillery and the Repulse of Pickett's Charge. California: Rank and File Publications.

Call Number: E475.53 .S58 1995

• Speicher, James. (2009). The Sumter Flying Artillery: A Civil War History of the Eleventh Battalion Georgia Light Artillery. LA: Pelican.

Call Number: E559.8 11th .S64 2009

• Tidball, John C. (2011). The Artillery Service in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-65. PA: Westholme.

Call Number: E492.6 .T51 2011

• Trout, Robert J. ed. (2008). Memoirs of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Call Number: E581.4 .S85 M46 2008

• Wise, Jennings C. (1959). The Long Arm of Lee: The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia. NY: Oxford University Press.

Call Number: E545.6 .W5 1959

----------E-book Bibliography----------

• Buell, Augustus. (1890). "The Cannoneer." Recollections of Service in the Army of the Potomac. Washington DC: The National Tribune.

• Miller, Francis Trevelyan. (1877-1959). The Photographic History of the Civil War, Volumes 1-10. NY: The Review of Reviews Co.

• Moore, Edward Alexander. (1910). The Story of a Cannoneer Under Stonewall Jackson. Virginia: J.P. Bell Company, Inc.

• Morton, John Watson. (1909). The Artillery of Nathan Bedford Forrest's Cavalry, "The Wizard of the Saddle". Nashville: Publishing House of the M.E. Church.

• Owen, William Miller. (1885). In Camp and Battle with the Washington Artillery of New Orleans. Boston: Ticknor and Company.

• Wise, Jennings C. (1881). The Long Arm of Lee, Volume 1 & Volume 2. Virginia: J.P. Bell Company, Inc.

----------Guns of the Civil War [photographs]----------

• M1863 3-inch Parrot Rifle [Courtesy of the U.S. Field Artillery Museum]

• British Blakely 2.9-inch Mountain Rifle [Courtesy of the U.S. Field Artillery Museum]

• Model 1862 30-pdr. Parrott Rifle [Courtesy of the U.S. Field Artillery Museum]

• M1857 12-pdr. Gun Howitzer, “Napoleon” [Courtesy of the U.S. Field Artillery Museum]

• Confederate 12-pdr. Gun Howitzer, “Iron Napoleon” [Courtesy of the U.S. Field Artillery Museum]



----------Battles----------

First Battle of Bull Run/ First Manassas

Ebooks/Chapters

• Johnston, R.M. (1913). Bull Run: Its Strategy and Tactics. Boston: Riverside Press.

• Murray, Jennifer M. (2012). Into Virginia-Bull Run. The Civil War Begins: Opening Clashes, 1861, pp.19-43. Washington DC: Center of Military HIstory.

• Stedman, Edmund C. (1861). The Battle of Bull Run. NY: Rudd & Carleton.

• The Century War Series staff. (1887). The Campaign of the First Bull Run. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, Volume I, pp.167-261. NY: The Century Co.

Articles

• Schreckengost, Gary J. (2001). “The Fatal Blunder of the Day”: The Artillery Fight at the First Battle of Bull Run. Field Artillery Journal, 22-28.



Online Sources

• The Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) [www.civilwarhome.com]



Printed Sources

• Davis, William C. (1977). Battle at Bull Run: A History of the First Major Campaign of the Civil War. NY: Doubleday.

E472.18 .D29

• Detzer, David. (2005). Donnybrook: The Battle of Bull Run, 1861. NY: Mariner Books.

• Heller, Charles E. (Ed.) & Stofft, Willam A. (Ed.)(1986). First Battle of Bull Run, 19 July 1861. America's First Battles 1776-1965, pp. 81-108. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.

E181 .A46 1986

• Rafuse, Ethan Sepp. (2002). A Single Grand Victory: The First Campaign and Battle of Manassas. Wilmington: SR Books.

E472.18 .R34 2002

Shiloh

Ebooks/Chapters

• The Century War Series staff. (1887). “Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, Volume I, pp.465-610. NY: The Century Co.



Articles

• Allen, Christopher. (2000). Battle of Shiloh: The Devil's Own Day. America's Civil War Magazine.

• Hall, Thomas K. (1999). Confederate Redlegs at Shiloh: Swatting the Hornet's Nest. Field Artillery Bulletin, PB6-99.

• Stephenson, Jon G. (1997). First Thunder at Shiloh. HistoryNet.com.



Online Sources

• The Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburg Landing) [www.civilwarhome.com]



Printed Sources

• McDonough, James L. (1977). Shiloh, in Hell Before Night. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

E473.54 .M22

• Woodworth, Steven E. (2009). The Shiloh Campaign. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

E473.54 .S575 2009

Malvern Hill

Ebooks/Chapters

• The Century War Series staff. (1887). The Seven Day's Fighting. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, Volume II, pp.383-435. NY: The Century Co.



Articles

• Greer, Allen J. (1936). The Roaring Guns from the Seven Days to Cold Harbor. Field Artillery Journal, 26, 1, 5-26.

• Kendall, Drew J. (2002). 'Murder' at Malvern Hill. Military History, 19, 3.

Online Sources

• July 1, 1862-Malvern Hill [www.vahistorical.org]

• Malvern Hill - The Last of the Seven Days [www.militaryhistoryonline.com]

• Robert E. Lee's Report on the Seven Days' Battles [www.civilwar.org]



Antietam

Ebooks/Chapters

• The Century War Series staff. (1887). Lee's Invasion of Maryland. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, Volume II, pp.630-695. NY: The Century Co.



Articles

• Cheeks, Robert C. (1998). Carnage in a Cornfield. America's Civil War Magazine.

• Mrozek Jr., Albert A. (1992). The Battle of Antietam: The Creation of Artillery Hell. Field Artillery Journal, 30-34.

• Sears, Stephen W. (2010). 'The Roar and Rattle': McClellan's Missed Opportunities at Antietam. HistoryNet.com.



Online Sources

• Antietam on the Web [http://antietam.aotw.org/index.php]

• Artillery at Antietam [www.nps.gov]

• Artillery Hell: Colonel S.D. Lee and his Guns at Antietam [http://antietam.aotw.org]



Printed Sources

Gallagher, Gary W. (1999). The Antietam Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

E474.65 .A59 1999

• Johnson, Curt. (1995). Artillery Hell: The Employment of Artillery at Antietam. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

E474.65 .J64 1995

• McPherson, James M. (2002). Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam. NY: Oxford University Press.

E474.65 .M48 2002

• Sears, Stephen W. (1983). Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. New Haven: Ticknor & Fields.

E474.65 .S43

Chancellorsville

Articles

• Means, Dale E. (1937). The Chancellorsville Campaign as an “Active Defense”. Fort Sill: U.S. Field Artillery School.

• Schreckengost, G. James. (2002). A Contest of Contrasts: The Principle of Dislocation and the Artillery Fight at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Field Artillery Journal, 43-47

Online Sources

• Battle of Chancellorsville-Part 1 [www.militaryhistoryonline.com]

• The Battle of Chancellorsville [www.civilwarhome.com]

Printed Sources

• Sears, Stephen W. (1996). Chancellorsville. NY: Houghton-Mifflin Co.

E475.35 .S43 1996

Stackpole, Edward J. (1958). Chancellorsville: Lee's Greatest Battle. NY: Stackpole Co.

E475.35 .S8

Vicksburg

Articles

• Morgan, Michael. (2003). America's Civil War: Digging to Victory at Vicksburg. America's Civil War Magazine.



Student Papers

• Harbeson, Jeffrey. (1994). The Vicksburg Campaign-Command and Control of a Successful Joint Operation. Newport: Naval War College.



Online Sources

• Battle of Vicksburg [www.historynet.com]

• The Siege of Vicksburg [www.civilwarhome.com]

Printed Sources

• Bearss, Edwin C. (1985). The Campaign of Vicksburg. Ohio: Morningside.

E475.27 .B42 1985 V.1

• Bearss, Edwin C. (2010). Receding Tide: Vicksburg and Gettysburg: The Campaigns that Changed the Civil War. Washington DC: National Geographical Society.

E475.27 .B424 2010

• Shea, William L. (2003). Vicksburg is the Key: The Struggle for the Mississippi River. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.



Gettysburg

Articles

• Barnett, Bert. (2005). “The Batteries Fired With Very Decided Effect”: Confederate Artillery Operations on the First Day at Gettysburg. This Has Been a Terrible Ordeal: The Gettysburg Campaign and First Day of Battle (pp. 197-216). Washington DC: National Park Service.

• Hayes, Brian C. (2003). Three Men of Gettysburg: A Study in Civil War Battery Command. Field Artillery Journal, 18-20.

• Wise, Jennings C. (1923). The Artillery Mechanics of Gettysburg. Field Artillery Journal, 493-501.



Student Papers

• Clarke, Wm. (1919). The Campaign of Gettysburg. Oklahoma: U.S. Army Field Artillery School.

• Gilmore, Mark R. (1989). Artillery Employment at the Battle of Gettysburg. Kansas: U.S. Army Command & General Staff College.

• Herihly, Edward G. (1931). Study of the Union Artillery at the Battle of Gettysburg, 1-3 July 1863. Ft. Leavenworth: The Command and General Staff School.

• Irick III, Edward F. (1991). Artillery Terrain Walk Gettysburg Battlefield. PA: U.S. Army War College.

• Lee, William E. (1930). Was the Confederate Artillery Effective at Gettysburg?. Ft. Leavenworth: The Command and General Staff School.



Online Sources

• American Civil War History [www.factasy.com]

• The Battle of Gettysburg [www.civilwarhome.com]

Printed Sources

• Brown, Kent Masterson. (1993). Cushing of Gettysburg: The Story of a Union Artillery Commander. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

E475.53 .B85 1993

• Coco, Gregory A. (1998). A Concise Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg. PA: Thomas Publications.

E475.53 .C622

• Cole, Philip M. (2002). Civil War Artillery at Gettysburg: Organization, Equipment, Ammunition and Tactics. Cambridge: Da Capo Press.

E475.53 .C65 2002

• Downey, Fairfax Davis. (1958). The Guns at Gettysburg. NY: D. McKay.

E475.53 .D75

• Gottfried, Bradley M. (2008). The Artillery of Gettysburg. Nashville: Cumberland House.

E475.53 .G66 2008

• Newton, George W. (2005). Silent Sentinels: A Reference Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg. NY: Savas Beatie.

E475.56 .N6 2005

• Sears, Stephen W. (2003). Gettysburg. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

E475.53 .S43 2003

• Spruill, Matt. (2010). Summer Thunder: A Battlefield Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

E475.53 .S77 2010

• Woodworth, Steven E. (2008). Beneath a Northern Sky: A Short History of the Gettysburg Campaign. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

E475.51 .W66 2008

Chickamauga

Articles

• Govekar, Christopher P. (1995). Fire Support at the Battle of Chickamauga. Field Artillery Journal, 42-44.



Student Papers

• Foley, Kyle J. (2003). John Bell Hood's Division in the Battle of Chickamauga: A Historical Analysis. Kansas: U.S. Army Command & General Staff College.

• Mammay, Michael J. (2001). Union Artillery at the Battle of Chickamauga. Kansas: U.S. Army Command & General Staff College.

Online Sources

• Battle of Chickamauga - Part 1 [militaryhistoryonline.com]

• The Chickamauga Campaign [www.civilwarhome.com]

Printed Sources

Cozzens, Peter. (1992). This Terrible Sound: The Battle of Chickamauga. Illinois: University of Illinois Press.

E475.81 .C78 1992

• Woodworth, Steven E. (2010). The Chickamauga Campaign. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

E475.81 .C49 2010

Spotsylvania

Articles

• Whatley, John C. (1985). Artillery Well Handled. Field Artillery Journal, 53, 3, 52-53.



Online Sources

• The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House [www.civilwarhome.com]



Printed Sources

• Gallagher, Gary W. (1998). The Spotsylvania Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

E476.52 .S66 1998

• Matter, William D. (1988). If It Takes All Summer: The Battle of Spotsylvania. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.



E476.52 .M38 1988


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