Background: At the Yalta Peace Conference of 1945, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Stalin agreed to divide Germany into four zones: American, Soviet, British and French. They also agreed to divide Berlin in the same way



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The Berlin Blockade
Background:

At the Yalta Peace Conference of 1945, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Stalin agreed to divide Germany into four zones: American, Soviet, British and French. They also agreed to divide Berlin in the same way. Little did they know that these divisions would cause some rather sticky situations, the first of these being the Berlin Blockade.




The division of Germany

Rebuilding Germany

After the Second World War, the USA, Britain and France started rebuilding Germany. They got her currency reorganized and got all the industries working again.


To Stalin, it looked like the Allies were trying to rebuild his old arch enemy. He knew that he was unable to stop them completely, but he could make his opinion known by forcing them out of Berlin, which was situated in the Soviet zone of Germany.
The blockade begins

In June 1948, Stalin cut off all the rail and road routes into West Berlin from the Allied areas. He also broke the water and power supplies. This made it clear that if the Allies stayed in Berlin, the people would suffer.


The Allies, however, had other plans. They bravely supplied the people of Berlin with coal, food and medicine by means of cargo and transport aeroplanes.


An Allied plane over Berlin




The consequences

Stalin eventually gave up and lifted the blockade a year after it began. The blockade proved to both sides just how stubborn and determined the other was. It was an important political dispute.


Questions:

  1. Which four countries shared Germany and Berlin between themselves? [1]




  1. Why do you think the British, the French and the Americans started rebuilding Germany after the Second World War instead of leaving her to sort herself out? [1]




  1. What was Stalin’s opinion about the Allies’ rebuilding on Germany? [1]




  1. What did Stalin do in June 1948 to blockade Berlin and how did the Allies react? [2]




  1. ‘Stalin blockaded Berlin because he wanted to punish the German people.’ Do you agree with this statement? Write an essay backing up your point of view. [5]

Total points: [10]



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