International MBA Placement Conference. CIBE will host a conference for career services professionals from more than 60 schools, to discuss the nature of the global marketplace and international placement opportunities for MBA students.
[T]he stamp of Duke University and its continuing goal ought to be the unrelenting search for excellence in all of its endeavors. Duke aspires to leave its students with an abiding concern for justice, with a resolve for compassion and concern for others, with minds unfettered by racial and other prejudices, with a dedication to service to society, with an intellectual sharpness, and with an ability to think straight now and throughout life. All of these goals are worthy of outrageous ambitions.
Terry Sanford, Outrageous Ambitions
The President's Address, Annual Meeting of the Faculty of Duke University, October 25, 1984
The Duke CIBER has completed three successful CIBER grant cycles. Internationalization, globalization, and strong interdisciplinary partnerships and strategic alliances succeeded each other as overarching themes governing the period from 1992 to the present. The initiatives based on these themes have qualified The Fuqua School of Business (FSB) as one of the top five and among the most internationally diverse business schools in the world. With the advance of the Internet, however, neither internationalization nor globalization characterizes the strategies needed to confront the challenges of the times.
Traditional education, the time-honored way to promote learning, cannot parallel the synergism afforded by the speed and accessibility of knowledge disseminated via the Internet. Teaching business without leveraging Internet-mediated technologies is like managing business by post-WWII standards. Then, America accounted for 75% of the world economy and there was little impetus toward transnational awareness. Today, the United States accounts for less than 20% of the world economy and continued sovereignty is contingent on real understanding and cooperation on a day-to-day basis.
To capture the essence of the changes wrought by the transition to the Internet Age and inform the theme of this proposal, the Duke CIBER is guided by the phrase “global interdependence.” America cannot survive as a free-market–based society without establishing mutual dependencies with other nations. Sadly, nothing demonstrates this like the attack on 11 September 2001 by an extremist group whose customs, language, ideals, and way of life are opaque to most Americans but whose acute knowledge of American culture and ideals allowed them to exploit American belief in individualism, self-reliance, and the efficacy of market mechanisms.
The need for linguistically and culturally aware business managers and government policymakers in the context of national security is no small concern and highlights the imperative for widespread educational changes that take into account America’s place in a globally interdependent world. The European Union’s flexibility in considering the inclusion of Eastern European countries is a political and economic response to geopolitical strife, and perhaps U.S. relations with emerging nations, e.g., MERCOSUR countries, could benefit from a reexamination of economic/geopolitical strategies. Moreover, the Internet Age has contributed to a shrinking globe, new organizational forms, and new ways of managing.
The role of the FSB is to enable students to address such global issues with input from all sides, from everyplace in the world, and with all the tools available. The mission of the CIBER is to initiate, support, and implement a range of programs that fit the global dimension of these issues, and share them with American business students and professionals at every level. Thus global interdependence is continually enacted within the FSB, guiding long-range plans and informing ongoing programs and activities.
This proposal requests funding for twelve initiatives. Taken together, the twelve initiatives detailed here represent a quantum advance in the transformation of the FSB for a global interdependent world and the Internet Age. The initiatives are:
Research and Disseminate On-Demand, International Teaching Resources
Integrate a Language Component into CIBER Computer-Mediated Cross-cultural Role-Play Negotiation Simulations
Explore and Select “Best-in-Class” Business Language Immersion Programs
Share “Best-in-Class” Business Language Immersion Programs with Regional Universities and Community Colleges
CIBER Executive Students-in-Residence
Lead Integration of Duke Title VI Center Outreach Initiatives
K-12 Exploratory Global Awareness and Business Language Initiatives
Annual Frontiers in International Business Research Conference: Collaboration with the Journal of International Business Studies and Seven CIBER Schools
Fuqua School of Business International Strategy Center on Business Dynamics
Global Executive Programs on China, Brazil, and Russia
Promote Fuqua Infusion Model of Internationalization throughout Duke University Undergraduate Core Curriculum
Duke University and UNC-CH CIBER Global Leadership Series.
These initiatives mirror the theme of the 2002–2006 Duke CIBER grant proposal. Many of the initiatives are timed to advantageously exploit a new technological tool, the Fuqua Portal. From the CIBER perspective, the Fuqua Portal will be instrumental in the emergence of self-organizing communities of teaching professionals involved in international business (IB) and business language courses. The CIBER has leapt at the opportunity to participate in the beta-testing of this technological triumph and will be among the first centers at Fuqua to leverage the Portal for disseminating and, in the words of the Portal engineers Nevin Fouts and Randy Haskin, “repurposing” international teaching materials, language immersion programs, experiential exercises, and a vast pool of teaching resources.
The proposed initiatives represent a concerted effort to improve the second-language competency of Fuqua MBA and Executive MBA (EMBA) students. Drawing on experience from several programs, as well as strong collaborations within and outside Duke, the CIBER is repurposing its cross-cultural role-play negotiation simulations as computer-mediated learning modules for teaching second language(s) in business courses and IB concepts in language courses. This initiative heralds an exciting collaboration with the Duke Center for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Languages (CSEEEL) and the Slavic and East European Language Resource Center (SEELRC), a joint resource of Duke University and The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH). The use of a new CIBER experiential simulation, GlobO in Russia, for language immersion programs on location at St. Petersburg State University also forecasts the beginning of a productive collaboration to extend the CSEEEL as a business language resource.
The Duke CIBER has built into the proposed initiatives collaborative opportunities with regional universities, national universities, and scholars in cutting-edge research fields. The language immersion programs will be “shared” with advanced students and faculty of regional universities in workshops to provide training in the use of the computer-mediated simulations. In addition, the Duke CIBER is collaborating with four other CIBER schools to develop initiatives for global education in secondary schools. Finally, the Duke CIBER is undertaking several research programs in collaboration with other CIBERs, other professional schools at Duke, and a new FSB International Strategy Center on Business Dynamics. These research collaborations are designed to intensify explorations of emerging themes in IB and strategy through annual research conferences. To accelerate research on emerging themes, summary proceedings will be published in the Journal of International Business Studies (Duke CIBER Director Prof. Arie Y. Lewin is the new Editor-in-Chief, and Michigan State University CIBER Director S. Tamer Cavusgil is one of five Associate Editors-in-Chief).
The Duke CIBER Advisory Council Chair and Chief Executive Officer and FSB Dean Douglas T. Breeden believes firmly in Fuqua’s mission to be “a recognized global leader” among business schools. The Duke CIBER has Dean Breeden’s strong support, particularly with regard to increasing the second-language competency of FSB students. The Duke CIBER Advisory Council, the CIBER Director and Associate Director, affiliated faculty, program collaborators, and staff are all dedicated to the success of the CIBER.
The CIBER has assembled a remarkable team, and the initiatives presented are the result of careful planning and testing carried out by these team members. At the same time, the new initiatives owe much to the vision of Duke CIBER Director Arie Y. Lewin, whose leadership in international management as founding Editor of Organization Science, convener of the Organization Science Winter Conference, tireless advocacy of the internationalization of the Fuqua MBA and EMBA curriculum, and now Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Business (not to mention innumerable publications and years of teaching at Fuqua) attest to the dedicated leadership of the Duke CIBER.
THE FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
HISTORY AND FUTURE
Florida International University’s CIBER was formally established in October 1995, after careful and detailed planning and with the help of our Advisory Council and some financial support from the U.S. Department of Education.. Our first three-year cycle was as a “mini-CIBER,” in that our annual funding was approximately $140,000. Since 1998 our funding was increased from $228,000, and now in the final year to $248,000. We now request renewal of our CIBER for another four-year cycle, from 2002-2006. We firmly believe we have exceeded what we committed to do four years ago, with some of the programs we initiated in 1998 having spin-offs that begat additional spin-offs. For example, we said we would launch a global Executive MBA, and this has led to the launching of an International MBA program. Furthermore we launched a new Masters in International Business and anticipate a global honors program at the undergraduate level, upon which we will report in this application. We initiated the Faculty Development in International Business Program in South America to consistently rave reviews. Now have many more programs for our students and our faculties interested in learning more about International Business. We also started a Professional Development in International Development Program that focus on executives as they seek to become more competitive internationally. Here we have sponsored and supported numerous trade missions, where we have worked with local business people, as well as the State of Florida to promote international trade activities for Florida companies. We now have numerous Study Abroad Programs, where we send our students all over the world. We have promoted languages across the curricula, and for special purposes, and have integrated many of these into existing programs. We work closely with our Modern Languages Department and our Spanish Language Institute and English Language Institute to support various language immersion efforts. And, we plan on working with high schools in this next cycle. This is an example of how we went beyond what we said we would do in 1998.
The thematic research we supported has blossomed into new extensions. In 1998, we supported three thematic areas: global competitiveness research, global logistics research, and research involving community outreach on trade data. All areas have been enormously successful in generating additional publications, or in the third thematic area, a unique B2B joint venture for us. Global Logistics has iterated into Global Supply Chain Management, and there are two Eminent Scholars that have been hired to move this research further. As one example, the CIBER Director and one of the Eminent Scholars has just been awarded a NSF Grant to study globally distributed work teams in software development projects. The Dean of the College of Business will join us in a new extension of this research, which will be discussed at length in the narrative. The Global Competitiveness Research produced an important award from the Society on Competitiveness, and numerous publications, many of which are still forthcoming.
We are strongly committed to deliver unique curricular, research and outreach programs that serve our students, faculty and university community, our local business and indeed educational community within South Florida as a whole. Underlying all of this is the desire to make our constituents more competitive in the global economy, and to become an obvious local and regional resource for promoting U.S. business’ global reach. This is even more critical in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. You will see this in our letters of endorsement which include both of our Mayors of Miami-Dade, the head of the Chamber of Commerce and numerous prominent public and private sector firms, including our various consulate generals.
FIU- CIBER services the largest urban community of the State of Florida. There are over 500 multinationals that have their Latin or Caribbean offices here, as well as over 50 Consulates. This is a hugely diverse, international community and is widely acknowledged as gateway to South America. It is also a portal city, bridging activities from Asia and Europe directly with Latin America. Our $3million Ampath project will expand the Internet 2 into 10 countries in Latin America, making FIU and CIBER an important player in the technological revolution around bandwidth. In 1994 when President Clinton held the first Summit of the Americas, Miami was host to all of the Democratic Presidents of the Hemisphere, and the Summit of the Americas Center is now housed at FIU, and is a sister unit on our campus. We therefore see our programs as multifaceted, connecting all of our constituents.
FIU has a dynamic new dean Joyce Elam and a newly endowed graduate school run by a former CIBER Director Jose de la Torre (Appendix A). We have attracted the attention of several donors who have gifted FIU with slots designed for Eminent Scholars who bring prestige to their fields of research. We have hired three at present, with at least 9 more Chairs to fill, we see this new hiring as key in bolstering existing programs and enhancing our research capabilities and continued success. We have bold and exciting things planned for our region in this application, as we strive to do honor to our commitment to deliver programs with high impact.
HOW WILL FIU CIBER ACCOMPLISH HIGH IMPACT?
The hallmark of a good learning organization is its ability to generate good ideas, and then generalize those good ideas across boundaries (space, time, geography, vertical, horizontal and external walls) with impact that is effective and recognizable. FIU CIBER has and will continue to support combinations of programs that will allow us to have impact. We will continue with some of our successful activities and improve on them, eliminate those whose time has past, and implement strategically designed new activities that are directly responsive to the needs identified in South Florida and the nation, mindful of recent terrorist activities here in South Florida. We will continue our geographic emphasis on Latin America and the Caribbean, for that is our competitive advantage. We have had much success in some of our programs in Europe and Central Europe and expect to build upon these in the next four years. We also anticipate expansion into Africa with a new FDIB and Asia. Of course this is a large and multifaceted emphasis, however through sharing of best practices, we are easily able to generalize learnings from one region to others, as we have successfully done over the past four years.
In terms of our academic programs, our overall philosophy is to create international knowledge for all of our constituents. We now offer several new activities, some of which build on the learning from the previous two funding cycles. Our GeMBA, IMBA (which has now achieved important recognition as per Appendix B), IB Honors Program, Andean Executive MBA, MBAs delivered in Bolivia and Jamaica, MIB Program are just a few of the international degree programs that CIBER has or will support. However we also have engaged in several activities where our littlest constituents—those in K-12, can also benefit. We have a number of new activities with High Schools planned in our local region. In addition, the extensive impact of our Knight Ridder Center under Paul Root’s guidance, the Ryder Center for Supply Chain Systems, the new Alvah H. Chapman, Jr. Graduate School of Business under Jose de la Torre, our Knowledge Management Lab under Irma Becerra-Fernandez-- all attest to how we have and will continue to generate high impact. Furthermore, our international business plan competitions, Study Abroad Programs, teaching of different languages across the curriculum, certificates in languages such as Japanese and Chinese, Spanish for High Schools Project, and our work with the Institute for the Study of Transnational Crime and Terrorism, all point to high impact.
It is with the emphasis on relevancy that we support two notable themes in this CIBER reapplication. The first emphasizes what we refer to as the dark side of international business in the 21st century: crime, corruption, money laundering, narco-trafficking and terrorism. To wit, we join hands with one of our sister units at FIU, the Institute for the Study of Transnational Crime and Terrorism. We also propose a partnership with the North-South Center of the University of Miami on money laundering and offshore tax havens. This theme also deals with trade related activities, ethics, crisis management as well as regional integration via the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). This first overarching theme, into which many of our programs will fall, is Terrorism/Corruption and FTAA Regional Integration: Competing Realities?
Integrating our hemispheric region has as much to do with building on our strengths around trade and trade-related activities, and particularly within the FTAA discussions, as it does with the dark side of terrorism and corruption. Toward that end, FIU CIBER has a B2B joint venture which has produced CIBER-TRI Trade Data Website, in which we share transactions analyses on import/export data for almost any country, on any specified product, traceable to the l0 digit level. One of the two FIU College Professors that innovated this service is known affectionately as “Mr. Money Laundering”, featured on CNN, and quoted regularly by the Wall Street Journal, Business Week and many others. These two professors, on the CIBER Advisory Board, have testified in front of Congress, Treasury Department, INS, The U.S. Customs Service, among others on their path-breaking work. See Appendix I for the text of their most recent sleuthing.
We also focus on the Secretariat and negotiating committees of the FTAA as an opportunity to increase trade to Miami Dade, and indeed the State of Florida. At the present, the FTAA Secretariat is located in Panama, and will move to Mexico in 2003. FIU CIBER will take an active role in evaluating the progress over the next few years. FIU CIBER has also been active with the Mayor’s Office, which has the mission of enhancing trade missions to and from Miami.
While regional integration is an important goal that will be assisted if FTAA is realized in 2005, it is also important to remember that this will be the largest trading bloc in history, dwarfing the EU and NAFTA among others. Such a large group of vastly different, and culturally dissimilar players necessitates education, learning commencing with our K-12, through executive education, on how to become a citizen of an integrated world. Hence, we support educational efforts at going beyond what we think of as “cultural distance,” or “cultural diversity.” We support innovative partnerships across educational institutions that seek to develop ways to help us learn about regional integration.
A second theme links to the first, and hinges on communications technology, language, cross cultural issues and the entire supply chain associated with international commerce today. We call it Using Languages, Management Best Practices and Technology Wisely to Improve Transnational Organizations. Nowadays, work tends to be globally distributed, often performed in virtual teams where people don’t know one another or speak the same language. There is little time for “best practices” to be documented, let alone embedded into subsequent practice. Quick response teams demand coordination and control unlike anything else we have learned from current management thought and practice. Elements of trust, language, the use of technology as an enabling device can enhance or exacerbate these relationships. Couple that with economic difficulties that demand greater attention to speed, agility and cost cutting, today’s organizational environment is qualitatively different that transnational forms of even a decade ago. In today’s modern global enterprise, one overlooked element tends to be the development, management and subsequent integration of knowledge. How do we learn from virtual team “snapshots” that can help inform new organizational forms? Here we also include K-12, and other public sector organizations, as will become evident in the narrative portion, where we discuss initiatives that cross our own organizational boundaries. We propose to partner directly with the Florida Public School System.
Most of the projects described in this application will fall into these two broad categories, both of which are mandatory activities for CIBER. There are ancillary activities that also fit into “other allowable activities” such as our outreach to consortia of higher education in the Caribbean and South America.
Under the guidance of the Advisory Council and in consultation with the CIBER Director, and deans of the College of Business Administration, as well as our cooperating sister units on campus, CIBER is uniquely well qualified to continue to operate in a cost-effective and productive manner. CIBER has supported more than half of the faculty of the CBA, as well as our students. In addition, CIBER has assisted other faculty on the FIU campus, as well as others from Miami-Dade Community College, and Nova Southeastern University. CIBER endorses the PhD Project, the CIBER Director having given a talk at their national meeting. CIBER also supports MEA, and the HBCU, Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Florida. We serve as a magnet for FIU’s internationally-focused faculty, and others hoping to become internationalized. We participate in the State of Florida’s International Days, and work closely with Secretary of State Katherine Harris as we execute programs deemed critical to our State’s economy. FIU CIBER Director is a trustee of the Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce, and we deliver assistance to our businesses through this and other Chambers locally. FIU CIBER works with local economic development groups, such as Enterprise Florida, Beacon Council and the Mayor’s Office via the Trade Mission Center of the Americas. In short, FIU CIBER plays a vital role in our community’s international business education, and research. With the continued support of the Department of Education, we will engage in what we firmly believe is our mission—to create international learning capabilities for our students, faculty and business community as we strive to increase the competitiveness of our city, region, state and the U.S. as a whole.
The Georgia Tech Center for International Business Education and Research