Asteroid Affirmative



Download 0.74 Mb.
Page1/66
Date conversion29.04.2016
Size0.74 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   66

Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011

U.S.S. Reliant Asteroid Detection Aff

Asteroid Affirmative


Asteroid Affirmative 1

**Inherency** 17

Current Programs Fail 18

Current Programs Fail 19

Not Enough Funding 20

Not Enough Funding 21

Not Enough Funding 22

No Current Programs 23

**Asteroid Impact Advantage** 24

Asteroid Impact Inevitable/Likely 25

Asteroid Impact Inevitable/Likely 26

Asteroid Impact Inevitable/Likely 27

Asteroid Impact by 2036 28

Impact Outweighs - Magnitude > Probability 29

Impact Outweighs - Probability > Timeframe 30

Impact Outweighs - Probability 31

Impact Outweighs - Probability 33

Impact Outweighs Nuclear War 34

Small Asteroids = damage 35

Small Asteroids = damage 36

Small Asteroids = damage 37

Small Asteroids = damage 38

Small Asteroids = damage 39

Small Asteroids = damage 40

Huge Asteroid on the way 41

Huge Asteroids on the way 42

Asteroid Impact  Biological Destruction 43

Asteroid Impact  Ice Age 44

Asteroid Impact  Ice Age 45

Asteroid Impact  Miscalculation 47

Miscalculation - Likely 50

Miscalculation - Likely 51

Miscalculation – Timeframe 52

Asteroid ! – Miscalculation 53

Asteroid Impact – Nuclear War 54

Asteroid Impact  Wildfires 55

Wildfire ! – Poverty 56

Wildfire ! - deforestation 57

Asteroid ! – Global Communications 58

Asteroid Impact  Agriculture Disruption 59

Agriculture Disruption ! – Food Shortages 60

Food Shortage ! - War 61

Starvation ! = D Rule 62

Starvation ! = D Rule 64

Starvation ! = D Rule 65

Starvation ! = D Rule 66

Asteroid Impact  Supersonic Shockwave 67

Asteroid Impact  Extinction 68

Asteroid Impact  Tsunamis 70

Tsunamis ! - Economy 71

Tsunamis ! – Underwater Landslides 72

Asteroid Impact  Climate Change 73

Asteroid Impact  Climate Change 74

Asteroid Impact > Climate Change 75

Climate Change ! – Disease 76

Asteroid Impact – Laundry List 77

Asteroid Impact – Laundry List 78

Asteroid Impact – Laundry List 79

Asteroid Impact  Ozone Depletion/UV radiation 80

Asteroid Impact – Harms Ocean Life 81

UV-B Radiation  DNA damage 82

UV-B Radiation  Multiple Impacts 83

UV-B Radiation  Disease 84

Disease !  Extinction 85

Disease !  Extinction 86

UV-B Radiation ! – Plant Growth 86

UV-B Radiation ! – Ocean Biodiversity 88

Ocean Biodiversity ! – Economic Collapse 89

Biodiversity ! – Cultural Identity 90

Biodiveristy ! – Extinction 91

Biodiveristy ! – Extinction 92

Biodiveristy ! – Extinction 93

Exploding Asteroid  Kill Millions 94

Exploding Asteroid  Tsunamis 95

Ocean Impact More Likely 96

Ocean Impact More Likely 97



**Asteroid Mining** 98

Asteroid Detection  Mining 99

Asteroid Detection  Mining 100

Asteroid Detection  Mining 101

Asteroids = resources 102

Asteroid Mining = Profitable 103

Asteroid Mining = Good Idea 104

Asteroid Mining = Economically Feasible 105

Asteroid Mining = Safer & Cheaper 106

All Asteroids can be mined 107

We Have The Tech 108

Mining Solves Economy 109

Mining Solves Economy 110

Economy ! – War 111

Asteroid Mining – Platinum 112

Platinum k2 Oil Dependence 113



**Solvency** 114

Space Based Detection Key 115

Space Based Detection Key 116

Space Based Detection Key 117

Space Based Detection Key 118

Space Based Detection Key 119

Detection – Adaptive Membrane Telescopes 120

Detection – Adaptive Membrane Telescopes 122

Detection – Adaptive Membrane Telescopes - Feasible 123

Detection – Ground Based 124

Deflection – Tractor Beams 125

Deflection – Propulsion 126

Deflection – Asteroid Trapping 127

Deflection – Asteroid Trapping 128

Deflection – Laser Ablation 129

Deflection – B612 Spaceship 130

Deflection – Nuclear 131

Early Detection key 132

Early Detection key 133

Early Detection key 133

Early Detection key 135

Detection Key To Deflection 136

Detection Key To Deflection 137

Detection Key To Deflection 138

Detection Key To Deflection 139

Detection Key To Deflection 140

Plan Key Now 141

USFG Key 142

USFG Key 143

**Add-Ons** 144

Science diplomacy 145

Science diplomacy 146

Impact Extensions 147

Impact Extensions 148

**AFF Answers To** 149

AT U.N. CP 150

AT Privitization 151

AT Privitization 152

AT Privitization 153

AT Politics – Plan Popular 154

AT Politics – Plan Popular 155

AT Politics – Plan Popular with Public 156

AT Politics – Plan Popular 157

AT Poltics – Lobbying 158

AT Politics – NASA Lobbying 159

AT Politics – NASA Lobbying 160

AT Politics – Bi-partisan 161

AT Politics – Congress 162

AT: low probability 163

AT Nuclear Deflection Bad 164


1ac



Observation 1: Inherency
The only detection available for PHO’s are radar telescopes that can see a shallow distance from Earth’s surface. More power is needed.

Bucknam and Gold in 08 [Mark and Robert “Survival” (00396338); Oct/Nov2008, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p141-156, 16p PN] [PHO - potentially hazardous object]

Though radar telescopes, such as the giant 305m dish at Arecibo, Puerto Rico, enable rapid and accurate assessments of PHO size and orbit, they are only useful when the objects pass within a few million kilometres of Earth. NASA recommended against developing a radar specifically for finding and tracking PHOs, stating that ‘orbits determined from optical data alone will nearly match the accuracy of radar-improved orbits after one to two decades of observation’.15 Existing radar telescopes should be used as far as possible to refine predictions of Apophis’s trajectory – either confirming or ruling out the potential for an impact in 2036. In addition to fielding new Earth- and space-based sensors as suggested by NASA, former astronaut Rusty Schweickert called for placing a transponder on Apophis during a close approach in 2013 to help determine whether a 2036 collision is likely.16 This could save years of worrying, or give us extra years to prepare and act. Such a mission would cost on the order of a few hundred million dollars.


There is no funding for more detection telescopes-these are key to survey threatening NEOs

IRWIN I. SHAPIRO et al in 10,( Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Chair FAITH VILAS, MMT Observatory at Mt. Hopkins, Arizona, Vice Chair MICHAEL A’HEARN, University of Maryland, College Park, Vice Chair ANDREW F. CHENG, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory FRANK CULBERTSON, JR., Orbital Sciences Corporation DAVID C. JEWITT, University of California, Los Angeles STEPHEN MACKWELL, Lunar and Planetary Institute H. JAY MELOSH, Purdue University JOSEPH H. ROTHENBERG, Universal Space Network, Committee to Review Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies Space Studies Board Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS, http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~planets/sstewart/reprints/other/4_NEOReportDefending%20Planet%20Earth%20Prepub%202010.pdf)

The second mandate, the George E. Brown, Jr. Near-Earth Object Survey section of the 2005 NASA Authorization Act, directed that NASA detect 90 percent of near-Earth objects 140 meters in diameter or greater by 2020. However, what the surveys actually focus on is not all NEOs, but the potentially hazardous NEOs. It is possible for an NEO to come close to Earth, but to never intersect Earth’s orbit and therefore not be potentially hazardous. The surveys are primarily interested in the potentially hazardous NEOs, and that is the population that is the focus of this chapter. Significant new equipment (i.e., ground-based and/or space-based telescopes) will be required to achieve the latter mandate. Neither the White House budgeted nor Congress approved new funding for NASA to achieve this goal, and little progress on reaching it has been made during the past 5 years.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   66


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page