Assignment Complete the following assignment and submit your work to your teacher

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Activity 3: Evolution of Democracy


Complete the following assignment and submit your work to your teacher.

For each of the eight documents listed on the ‘Chart’, your job is to;

a) Identify one or two key ideas in the passage

b) Put the ideas in your own words (Do not use the legal jargon and strange phrases included in the documents.) While you may ask other students for assistance, the final wording is to be your own.

c) Find the approximate date for each document. (You will need to use books and/or the Internet to complete research.)

d) Now that you have dates and summaries for all eight documents, you will be able to create a graphic timeline. On your timeline, you will need to indicate the date (year only), name of each of the documents studied, and the key idea (or ideas) relating to the development of democracy.

In constructing your timeline, you may use clip art or create your own computer graphics. In either case, while this is not an assignment for art class. The key to creating an effective graphic timeline is to design an appropriate picture around which you can organize the necessary information. In the case of the development of democracy, there are many pictures that may prove effective. For example, you might build your timeline around a picture of a road. If you chose to use a “ road” as your organizing picture, the developments in democracy might become “ signs” along the road. There are many other pictures that might also prove effective in terms of designing your timeline. Some examples include the construction of a building, the growth of a plant, an ascent up a mountain, or traveling through time.

Evolution of Democracy

Declaration Of The Rights Of Man ________

Approved by the National Assembly of France

3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.

4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.

The Code of King Hammurabi ________

The king who rules among the kings of the cities am I. My words are well considered; there is no wisdom like mine.

195. If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off. 196. If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out. 197 If he break another man’s bone, his bone shall be broken.

Laws of justice which Hammurabi, the wise king, established …

King John I: Magna Carta ________

No bailiff (policy officer) for the future shall, upon his own unsupported complaint, put anyone to his “law,” without credible witnesses brought for this purpose. No freemen shall be taken or imprisoned or disseised (injured) or exiled or in any way destroyed, nor will we go upon him nor send upon him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice.

John Locke: Concerning Civil Government ______

The natural liberty of man is to be free from any superior power on earth, and not to be under the will or legislative authority of man, but to have only the law of nature for his rule. The liberty of man in society is to be under no other legislative power but that established by consent in the commonwealth; nor under the dominion of any will or restraint of any law, but what that legislative shall enact according to the trust put in it…

New Zealand: Election Act ________

An Electoral Bill containing provisions on women’s suffrage (the right of women to vote in an election) was introduced by Richard Seddon in June. During debate, there was a majority support for the enfranchisement of Maori, as well as Pakeha, women. The Electoral Act gave all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

Amendment XV to Constitution of the U.S. ________

Amendment XV. Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, colour, or previous condition of servitude

European Member States ________

The Union (of European nations) shall set itself the following objectives: Resolved to mark a new state in the process of European Communities. Recalling the historic importance of the ending of the division of the European continent and the need to create firm bases for the construction of the future Europe. Confirming their attachment to the principles of liberty, democracy, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the rule of law. Desiring to enhance further the democratic and efficient functioning of the institutions so as to enable them better to carry out, within a single institutional framework, the tasks entrusted to them.

U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights ______

The General Assembly Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society,

keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction

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