Thesis: Germany and Russia suffered the tremendous effects of WWI: the loss of lives, economic repercussions and political upheavals. All of which left an indelible mark on the history of both countries.
Although Russian army had spirit and bravery, they lacked effective leadership and modern technology. In the first year alone of its involvement in WWI lost 4 million men
mid 1915 Tsar made decision to assume command of Army forces despite the advice of the Duma. Tsar’s lack of experience of leading troops led to mounting military defeats and organization of political groups (opposition)
TSARINA’s actions + RASPUTIN INFLUENCE DISCONTENT OF PEOPLE
By 1917 the Tsar was in a very precarious position –Russia had been weakened by severe military defeats, poverty was engulfing the country again, opposition groups were getting louder and many of the people had lost confidence in the God-given powers of the Tsar.
Led to Tsar Nicholas II’s abdication of the throne, marking the end of Tsar’s rule. Russia was briefly ruled by the Provisional Government but was overthrown by communists (Bolsheviks – under Lenin) in 1918
WWI caused the revolution of Russia to take place.
Magnified the tensions between the people and the elite that had already existed
These tensions spilled over into civil war, which led to the Bolsheviks winning and the creation of a communist state in Russia.
The effect that World War One brought to two countries was transition from a monarchy to a republic and Union by means of a revolution
Russia left the war in 1917, as riots began to occur through out Russia and Demagogues began to take power. It forced the Tsar, Nicholas II, to abdicate his throne, ending one of the longest monarchies in history and resulted in forming the communistic U.S.S.R.
Similarly, Kaiser Wilhelm was forced to abdicate his throne to prince Max, and was sent into exile in Holland. A socialist revolution took place, causing economic ruin through out Germany. It led to the rise of the Nazi party and its leader Adolf Hitler.
Long established tittles such as Kaiser and Tsar were put to rest. It started two great political influences to take affect in the world, Nazism and Communism.
The war affected two countries greatly (Russia and Germany) by changing their political ideology and by turning a single country into a union of countries.