Name Class Date As their strategy of island hopping brought Allied troops closer to the Japanese mainland,
the small island of Iwo Jima was to become a valuable stronghold from which aircraft
could take off and make emergency landings. Winning the island was a bitter struggle.
♦ As you read,thinkaboutthesacrificesmadebythemarineswhofoughtat Iwo Jima. Then, on a
separate sheet of paper, answer the questions that follow.
The Marines at Iwo Jima
As approximately 70,000 United States
troops prepared for an invasion of the
Japanese-controlled island of Iwo Jima, a
force of more than 20,000Japanese soldiers
had entrenched themselves in the island’s
mountains and built tunnels
throughout the island. As a
result, when the first U.S.
troops began to land on Iwo
Jima on February19, 1945, they
encountered strong resistance
from the Japanese. Defending
themselves against enemy fire
proved difficult as they stormed
the island from the sea.
progress in their efforts to win the island.
By February 23, they had captured Mount
Suribachi, a tall volcanic mountain that
provided a strategic defensive location
for Japanese troops. Photographer Joseph
Rosenthal took the famous picture of six
American soldiers raising the United
States flag at the top of Mount Suribachi.
This photograph has come to represent
the heroism of the soldiers who fought
at Iwo Jima. After more than a month of
fighting, the United States won the battle
for the island.