Articles of Confederation Shays’ Rebellion



Download 24.17 Kb.
Date conversion22.04.2016
Size24.17 Kb.

Articles of Confederation

Shays’ Rebellion

Great Compromise

Three-Fifths Compromise

Articles of Confederation Could

Articles of Confederation Could Not

New Jersey Plan

Virginia Plan

Constitutional Convention

Did not want to give the Central Government (Congress) too much power.

Placed the power in the People’s Hands

Republic- government which citizens rule through elected representatives.

All 13 states had to agree to the Articles and any Amendments

Only 9/13 states had to agree to make laws

Handle Foreign Affairs

Maintain Armed Forces- but only use against Foreign issues and not against the citizens

Borrow Money

Issue Currency

Regulate Trade

Force people to join the Army

Impose Taxes

Require states to use the central form of currency

After the war, the British closed the West Indies market to farmers. Being unable to trade, the farmers went into debt.

Damage to Southern plantations from the war caused rice crops to drop.

Due to farmers being unable to pay their taxes and debts, their farms were taken and some were thrown into jail.


Daniel Shays, a former militiaman himself, faced these troubles too. He led a rebellion to try to close the courts and stop judges from taking farmers lands.

After warning shots overhead by the Massachusetts militia, and another round of shots killing four men, Shays and his men retreated.

This led to unrest by the people realizing that such a weak government could not protect them from violence.

Roger Sherman suggested a plan that would settle the disagreement in congress between the New Jersey and Virginia Plans.

The Legislative Branch (Congress) would be split into two houses- Senate, House of Representatives.

Each house in the Legislative Branch would represent a different plan.


James Madison created this plan

William Patterson created this plan


had three branches of government

had three branches of government

Represented Larger States

Represented smaller States

Delegates (Votes) would be given based on population

Delegates (Votes) would be given the same to each state regardless of size

September 1786 55 Delegates met to discuss changes to the Articles of Confederation


Became Plan for the House of Representatives

Became Plan for the Senate

Decided on a Federalist form of government where states and the central government would share powers with the central government having more powers

Settled on a Democracy (government led by the people) with a republic (people rule through elected officials)

Debated stopping slave trade into America but decided to not stop just yet in order to have the Southern states agree to the constitution.

South wanted to count slaves in their total population but not against their taxes

Northern state didn’t think they should get counted in one but not the other


It was decided that for every five slaves, three would count


This kept the South from separating from the Union and the North happy as well


After this, the power to maintain an army was given to congress in the creation of the constitution



Answer Key



Articles of Confederation

* Did not want to give the Central Government (Congress) too much power.

*Placed the power in the People’s Hands

* Republic- government which citizens rule through elected representatives.

*All 13 states had to agree to the Articles and any Amendments

* Only 9/13 states had to agree to make laws




Articles of Confederation Could Articles of Confederation Could NOT

* Handle Foreign Affairs *Regulate Trade

*Maintain Armed Forces- but only use against

Foreign issues and not against the citizens * Force people to join the Army

*Borrow Money * Impose Taxes

*Issue Currency *Require states to use the central form of currency


Shays’ Rebellion

*After the war, the British closed the West Indies market to farmers. Being unable to trade, the farmers went into debt.

*Damage to Southern plantations from the war caused rice crops to drop.

*Due to farmers being unable to pay their taxes and debts, their farms were taken and some were thrown into jail.

*Daniel Shays, a former militiaman himself, faced these troubles too. He led a rebellion to try to close the courts and stop judges from taking farmers lands.

*After warning shots overhead by the Massachusetts militia, and another round of shots killing four men, Shays and his men retreated.

*This led to unrest by the people realizing that such a weak government could not protect them from violence.

* After this, the power to maintain an army was given to congress in the creation of the constitution


Great Compromise

* Roger Sherman suggested a plan that would settle the disagreement in congress between the New Jersey and Virginia Plans.

*The Legislative Branch (Congress) would be split into two houses- Senate, House of Representatives.

*Each house in the Legislative Branch would represent a different plan.


Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan

*James Madison created this plan *William Patterson created this plan

*had three branches of government *Had three branches of government

*Represented Larger States *Represented smaller States

* Delegates (Votes) would be given based *Delegates (Votes) would be given the same

on population to each state regardless of size

*Became Plan for the House of Representatives *Became Plan for the Senate
Constitutional Convention

*September 1786 55 Delegates met to discuss changes to the Articles of Confederation

*Decided on a Federalist form of government where states and the central government would share powers with the central government having more powers

*Settled on a Democracy (government led by the people) with a republic (people rule through elected officials)

*Debated stopping slave trade into America but decided to not stop just yet in order to have the Southern states agree to the constitution.

Three-Fifths Compromise

* South wanted to count slaves in their total population but not against their taxes

*Northern state didn’t think they should get counted in one but not the other

*It was decided that for every five slaves, three would count



* This kept the South from separating from the Union and the North happy as well


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page