Articles of Agreement: Relating to the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia



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Articles of Agreement:
Relating to the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia

Appomattox Court House Virginia

April 10, 1865
Agreement entered into this day in regard to the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to the United States Authorities.
1st The troops shall march by Brigades and Detachments to a designated point, stock their Arms, deposit their flags, Sabres, Pistols, etc. and from thence march to their homes under charge of their Officers, superintended by their respective Division and Corps Commanders, Officers, retaining their side Arms, and the authorized number of private horses.
What must the troops do with their weapons? ______________
Are the Confederate troops taken prisoner? _________
Where must the Confederate troops go? ___________
2. All public horses and public property of all kinds to be turned over to Staff Officers designated by the United States Authorities.
What do you think public means? (Hint: troops could keep their personal items.)

____________________________


3. Such transportation as may be agreed upon as necessary for the transportation of the Private baggage of Officers will be allowed to accompany the Officers, to be turned over at the end of the trip to the nearest U.S. Quarter Masters, receipts being taken for the same.
4. Couriers and Wounded men of the artillery and Cavalry whose horses are their own private property will be allowed to retain them.
5. The surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia shall be construed to include all the forces operating with that Army on the 8th inst., the date of commencement of negotiation for surrender, except such bodies of Cavalry as actually made their escape previous to the surrender, and except also such forces of Artillery as were more than Twenty (20) miles from Appomattox Court House at the time of Surrender on the 9th inst.
Which army is surrendering? __________________
Johnston still needing to surrender to Sherman in the West, which happens on April 18, 1865, however, Lee’s surrender effectively ends the war because the Army of Northern Virginia was defending the Confederate capital, Richmond, and because Lee was general-in-chief of all Confederate forces.
So, does Lee’s surrender ends the war? _____________________________


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