Art 26: ancient near eastern art and architecture images to Identify: Sumerian Art and Architecture



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ART 26: ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Images to Identify:
Sumerian Art and Architecture

Nanna Ziggurat, Ur (modern Muqaiyir, Iraq)

• Reconstruction drawing of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temple, Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq)

• Votive statues, from the Square Temple, Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)


Akkadian Art and Architecture

• Stela of Naramsin


Neo-Sumerian Art and Architecture, city-state of Lagash

• Votive statue of Gudea


Babylonian Art and Architecture

Stela of Hammurabi


Assyrian Art and Architecture

• Assurbanipal and His Queen in the Garden, from the palace at Nineveh (modern Kuyunjik, Iraq)

• Lamassu (Human-Headed Winged Lion)
Neo-Babylonian Art and Architecture

Ishtar Gate and throne room, from Babylon (Iraq)

• Reconstruction drawing of Babylon in the 6th century BCE
Persian Art and Architecture

• Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius I and Xerxes I, ceremonial complex, Persepolis, Iran

• Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute, detail of a relief from the stairway leading to the Apadana, ceremonial complex, Persepolis, Iran
Vocabulary:

bull-head and bull-figure capital

composite figure

cone mosaic

cuneiform

guardian figure

hieratic scale

horned headdress

lamassu

mud-brick



palace complex

rod and ring of justice and power

stela or stele (plural: stelae)

temple complex

votive

ziggurat



Who was who?

Anu, the Sky God (Sumer)

Assurbanipal

Cyrus II, the Great

Darius I

Gudea


Guti

Hammurabi

Inanna (goddess of love and war [Sumer]; also know as Ishtar (Babylon), Isis

(Egypt), Aphrodite (Greek), and Venus (Roman)

Lullubi

Marduk


Nanna, the Moon God (Sumer)

Naramsin


Nebuchadnezzar II

Shamash


Xerxes I







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