Arkansas river basin



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COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

WATER QUALITY CONTROL COMMISSION

5 CCR 1002-32

REGULATION NO. 32
CLASSIFICATIONS AND NUMERIC STANDARDS
FOR
ARKANSAS RIVER BASIN


32.1 AUTHORITY

These regulations are promulgated pursuant to section 25-8-101 et seq. C.R.S., as amended, and in particular, 25-8-203 and 25-8-204.



32.2 PURPOSE

These regulations establish classifications and numeric standards for the Arkansas River, including all tributaries and standing bodies of water as indicated in section 32.6. The classifications identify the actual beneficial uses of the water. The numeric standards are assigned to determine the allowable concentrations of various parameters. Discharge permits will be issued by the Water Quality Control Division to comply with basic, narrative, and numeric standards and control regulations so that all discharges to waters of the state protect the classified uses. (See Regulation No. 31, section 31.14). It is intended that these and all other stream classifications and numeric standards be used in conjunction with and be an integral part of Regulation No. 31 Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water.



32.3 INTRODUCTION

These regulations and tables present the classifications and numeric standards assigned to stream segments listed in the attached tables (See section 32.7). As additional stream segments are classified and numeric standards for designated parameters are assigned for this drainage system, they will be added to or replace the numeric standards in the tables in section 32.7. Any additions or revisions of classifications or numeric standards can be accomplished only after public hearing by the Commission and proper consideration of evidence and testimony as specified by the statute and the “Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water”.



32.4 DEFINITIONS

See the Colorado Water Quality Control Act and the codified water quality regulations for definitions.



32.5 BASIC STANDARDS

  1. TEMPERATURE

All waters of the Arkansas River Basin are subject to the following standard for temperature. (Discharges regulated by permits, which are within the permit limitations, shall not be subject to enforcement proceedings under this standard). Temperature shall maintain a normal pattern of diurnal and seasonal fluctuations with no abrupt changes and shall have no increase in temperature of a magnitude, rate, and duration deemed deleterious to the resident aquatic life. This standard shall not be interpreted or applied in a manner inconsistent with section 25-8-104, C.R.S. Effective until December 31, 2012: Segments or portions of segments that are first, second or third order streams above 7000 feet elevation and classified Aquatic Life cold 1 or 2 shall have a chronic temperature standard of 17 C (MWAT) with no acute standard.

Other cold class 1 or 2 segments or portions of segments shall have a chronic temperature standard of 20 C (MWAT) with no acute standard. Segments that are classified Aquatic Life warm 1 or 2 shall have a chronic temperature standard of 30 C (MWAT) with no acute standard.

(2) QUALIFIERS

See Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water for a listing of organic standards at 31.11 and metal standards found at 31.16 Table III. The column in the tables headed “Water + Fish” are presumptively applied to all aquatic life class 1 streams which also have a water supply classification, and are applied to aquatic life class 2 streams which also have a water supply classification, on a case-by-case basis as shown in the Tables 32.6. The column in the tables at 31.11 and 31.16 Table III headed “Fish Ingestion” is presumptively applied to all aquatic life class 1 streams which do not have a water supply classification, and are applied to aquatic life class 2 streams which do not have a water supply classification, on a case-by-case basis as shown in Tables 32.6.

(3) URANIUM

(a) All waters of the Arkansas River Basin, are subject to the following basic standard for uranium, unless otherwise specified by a water quality standard applicable to a particular segment. However, discharges of uranium regulated by permits which are within these permit limitations shall not be a basis for enforcement proceedings under this basic standard.

(b) Uranium level in surface waters shall be maintained at the lowest practicable level.

(c) In no case shall uranium levels in waters assigned a water supply classification be increased by any cause attributable to municipal, industrial, or agricultural discharges so as to exceed 30 µg/l or naturally-occurring concentrations (as determined by the State of Colorado), whichever is greater.

(d) In no case shall uranium levels in waters assigned a water supply classification be increased by a cause attributable to municipal, industrial, or agricultural discharges so as to exceed 30 µg/l where naturally-occurring concentrations are less than 30 µg/l.

32.6 TABLES

(1) Introduction

The numeric standards for various parameters in the attached tables were assigned by the Commission after a careful analysis of the data presented on actual stream conditions and on actual and potential water uses.

Numeric standards are not assigned for all parameters listed in the tables attached to Regulation No. 31. If additional numeric standards are found to be needed during future periodic reviews, they can be assigned by following the proper hearing procedures.



(2) Abbreviations:

(a) The following abbreviations are used in the attached tables:





ac

=

acute (1-day)

Ag

=

silver

Al

=

aluminum

As

=

arsenic

B

=

boron

Ba

=

barium

Be

=

beryllium

Cd

=

cadmium

ch

=

chronic (30-day)

Cl

=

chloride

Cl2

=

residual chlorine

CN

=

free cyanide

CrIII

=

trivalent chromium

CrVI

=

hexavalent chromium

Cu

=

copper

dis

=

dissolved

D.O.

=

dissolved oxygen

E. coli

=

escherichia coli

F

=

fluoride

Fe

=

iron

Hg

=

mercury

mg/l

=

milligrams per liter

ml

=

milliliters

Mn

=

manganese

NH3

=

ammonia as N(nitrogen)

Ni

=

nickel

NO2

=

nitrite as N (nitrogen)

NO3

=

nitrate as N (nitrogen)

OW

=

outstanding waters

P

=

phosphorus

Pb

=

lead

S

=

sulfide as undissociated H2S (hydrogen sulfide)

Sb

=

antimony

Se

=

selenium

SO4

=

sulfate

sp

=

spawning

Tl

=

thallium

tr

=

trout

Trec

=

total recoverable

TVS

=

table value standard

U

=

uranium

g/l

=

micrograms per liter

UP

=

use-protected

Zn

=

zinc

(b) In addition, the following abbreviations are used:



Fe(ch)

=

WS(dis)

Mn(ch)

=

WS(dis)

SO4

=

WS

These abbreviations mean: For all surface waters with an actual water supply use, the less restrictive of the following two options shall apply as numerical standards, as specified in the Basic Standards and Methodologies at 31.16 Table II and III:



(i)

existing quality as of January 1, 2000; or

(ii)

Iron

=

300 µg/l (dissolved)



Manganese

=

50µg/l (dissolved)



SO4

=

250 mg/l

For all surface waters with a “water supply” classification that are not in actual use as a water supply, no water supply standards are applied for iron, manganese or sulfate, unless the Commission determines as the result of a site-specific rulemaking hearing that such standards are appropriate.

(c) As used in the “Temporary Modifications and Qualifiers” column of the tables, the term “type i” refers to a temporary modification adopted pursuant to subsection 31.7(3)(a)(i) of the Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water (i.e., “where the standard is not being met because of human-induced conditions deemed correctable within a twenty (20) year period”). The term “type iii” refers to a temporary modification adopted pursuant to subsection 31.7(3)(a)(iii) of the Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water (i.e., “where there is significant uncertainty regarding the appropriate long-term underlying standard”).



(3) Table Value Standards

In certain instances in the attached tables, the designation “TVS” is used to indicate that for a particular parameter a “table value standard” has been adopted. This designation refers to numerical criteria set forth in the Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water. The criteria for which the TVS are applicable are on the following table.





TABLE VALUE STANDARDS
(Concentrations in ug/l unless noted)

______________

_______________________________________________________

PARAMETER(1)

TABLE VALUE STANDARDS(2)(3)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Ammonia(4)

Cold Water




Warm Water







______________

_______________________________________________________

NH3 = old TVS

Cold Water Acute = 0.43/FT/FPH/2(5) in mg/l (N)





Warm Water Acute = 0.62/FT/FPH/2(5) in mg/ (N)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Cadmium

Acute = (1.136672-[ln(hardness) x (0.041838)] )x e0.9151[ln(hardness)]-3.1485





Acute(Trout) = (1.136672-[ln(hardness)x (0.041838)] )x e0.9151[ln(hardness)]-3.6236





Chronic = (1.101672-[ln(hardness) x(0.041838)] x e0.7998[ln(hardness)]-4.4451


______________

_______________________________________________________

Chromium III(6)

Acute = e(0.819[ln(hardness)]+2.5736)




Chronic= e(0.819[ln(hardness)]+0.5340)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Chromium VI(6)

Acute = 16




Chronic = 11

______________

_______________________________________________________

Copper

Acute = e(0.9422[ln(hardness)]-1.7408)




Chronic = e(0.8545[ln(hardness)]-1.7428)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Lead

Acute = (1.46203-[ln(hardness)*(0.145712)])* e(1.273[ln(hardness)]-1.46)




Chronic = (1.46203-[ln(hardness)*(0.145712)])* e(1.273[ln(hardness)]-4.705)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Manganese

Acute = e(0.3331[ln(hardness)]+6.4676)




Chronic = e(0.3331 [ln(hardness)]+5.8743)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Nickel

Acute = e(0.846[ln(hardness)]+2.253)




Chronic = e(0.846[ln(hardness)]+0.0554)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Selenium(7)

Acute = 18.4




Chronic = 4.6

______________

_______________________________________________________

Silver

Acute = ½e(1.72[ln(hardness)]-6.52)




Chronic = e(1.72[ln(hardness)]-9.06)




Chronic(Trout) = e(1.72[ln(hardness)]-10.51)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Uranium

Acute = e(1.1021[ln(hardness)]+2.7088)




Chronic = e(1.1021[ln(hardness)]+2.2382)

______________

_______________________________________________________

Zinc

Acute = 0.978 e(0.8525[ln(hardness)]+1.0617)





Chronic = 0.986 e(0.8525[ln(hardness)]+0.9109)


TABLE VALUE STANDARDS - FOOTNOTES

(1) Metals are stated as dissolved unless otherwise specified.

(2) Hardness values to be used in equations are in mg/l as calcium carbonate and shall be no greater than 400 mg/L. The hardness values used in calculating the appropriate metal standard should be based on the lower 95 per cent confidence limit of the mean hardness value at the periodic low flow criteria as determined from a regression analysis of site-specific data. Where insufficient site-specific data exists to define the mean hardness value at the periodic low flow criteria, representative regional data shall be used to perform the regression analysis. Where a regression analysis is not appropriate, a site-specific method should be used. In calculating a hardness value, regression analyses should not be extrapolated past the point that data exist.

(3) Both acute and chronic numbers adopted as stream standards are levels not to be exceeded more than once every three years on the average.

(4 old) FT = 100.03(20-TCAP);

Where TCAP is ≤ T ≤ 30

FT = 100.03(20-T);

Where 0 is ≤ T ≤ TCAP

TCAP = 20o C cold water aquatic life species present

TCAP = 25o C cold water aquatic life species absent

FPH = 1; Where 8


FPH = 1 + 10(7.4-pH);

1.25 Where 6.5 ≤ pH ≤ 8

FPH means the acute pH adjustment factor, defined by the above formulas.

FT means the acute temperature adjustment factor, defined by the above formulas.

T means temperature measured in degrees celsius.

TCAP means temperature CAP; the maximum temperature which affects the toxicity of ammonia to salmonid and non-salmonid fish groups.

NOTE: If the calculated acute value is less than the calculated chronic value, then the calculated chronic value shall be used as the acute standard.

(5) For acute conditions the default assumption is that salmonids could be present in cold water segments and should be protected, and that salmonids do not need to be protected in warm water segments. For chronic conditions, the default assumptions are that early life stages could be present all year in cold water segments and should be protected. In warm water segments the default assumption is that early life stages are present and should be protected only from April 1 through August 31. These assumptions can be modified by the commission on a site-specific basis where appropriate evidence is submitted.

(6) Unless the stability of the chromium valence state in receiving waters can be clearly demonstrated, the standard for chromium should be in terms of chromium VI. In no case can the sum of the instream levels of Hexavalent and Trivalent Chromium exceed the water supply standard of 50 ug/l total chromium in those waters classified for domestic water use.

(7) Selenium is a bioaccumulative metal and subject to a range of toxicity values depending upon numerous site-specific variables.

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