Arctic/inuit indians g tundra – barren partially frozen land…no trees G



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Study Notes on Native American Tribes

ARCTIC/INUIT INDIANS
G Tundra – barren partially frozen land…no trees
G The land the Arctic/Inuits lived on was called “frozen desert” because it was a a desert – frozen/icy
S Arctic/Inuits lived in homes called pit homes

Pit Homes

    1. Made of stone walls covered in earth

    2. To enter you had to crawl through a tunnel

    3. Smokeless oil lanps were used for warmth and cooking

    4. Oil comes from melted ablubber – the fat from sea mammals


S Umiak – a large open boat made of animal skin and driftwood; 40 feet in length and used for whaling
S Things the Inuits did for entertainment

- dance, sing, tell stories, study the stars, carve and decorate animal bones and walrus tusks with fish


S DOGS were their prized possession
S Nomadic – did not stay in one place. Moved about following hunted animals for food
P Leaders were the elders
G Lived in the north country on frozen tundra or frozen deserts
E Hunted seal, walrus and whale
E Also fished in the arctic waters

ANASAZI INDIANS (CLIFF DWELLERS)
S Flat head – seen by the Anasazi as a sign of beauty. Children were strapped to a board and carried on their mother’s back while she worked the fields. The board made the back of the head flat.

S Kiva

    1. A round room dug into the ground

    2. Used by the Anastasia to hold religious ceremonies

    3. They made their laws here and discussed how to solve problems

S Built apartments that rose to 70 stories

P Priests - the most important people and sought out for advice by the tribe

E Farmers – farmed on flat mountain tops called plateaus

G Located in the Southwest part of North America

G/E Land was hot and dry and crops often fail

E The Anasazi tribe died out due to years of drought and lack of harvest
NORTHWEST TRIBE – also known as the SHOW-OFFS

S Semi-sedentary meaning they stay in one place part of the time; lived in long houses

S Totem Pole – painted and carved images symbolic of a family’s power and rank

S Leisure Activities – play acting, dancing, singing, wrestling

S Divided into 3 classes: slaves, commoners and nobles

S Potlatch – a party that could last for days

S Wealthy tribe

G Located along the Pacific Coast

P Ruled by a chief

E Wealthy/affluent tribe. Fished and heated game

S Lived in plank houses 40 – 100 feet in length
PLAINS INDIANS

E Buffalo –Hunted buffalo - important to their economy. They used all parts of the buffalo. They

ate the meat and traded buffalo skins for rifles


E This tribe was the poorest and hungriest of tribes

S Nomadic – that is, they moved from place to place in search of food; no permanent home

S Lived in wigwams, made of grass and bark . Some lived in teepees made of animal skin

P Shaman – this was their spiritual leader and holy man.

G Located mostly in the central plains from Canada to Texas

G Weather – very harsh – blizzards, tornados, icy cold or blistering heat, droughts, floods and nice

days.



IROQUOIS INDIANS
E Farmers, Hunters and Gatherers – tribe farmed until the land became dry and the soil grew barren

Hunted deer, fox and bear.


E Fur-trapping and trading
E Iroquois women were excellent farmers
S Longhouses – lived in these houses that measured over 150 feet; shared by 8-10 families
S Wampum – memory beads used to tell stories and sometimes used for money
S Matrilineal Society – this means that the family history was traced through the mom. Iroquois

women were leaders of family clans


P Sachems – Iroquois chiefs chosen by the Iroquois women
P League of the Iroquois – democratic league of 5 Indian nations with a council
G Located in the Great Lakes, New York, and the current New England States section
G Lived in heavily forested areas


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