Architecture, Greek



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Works Cited

Nonperiodicals

“Architecture, Greek.” Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Carroll Moulton. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1998. 49-53. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 29 Nov. 2014. In this book, Moulton takes on the idea of the ancient Greek architectural orders and the construction of greek cities and buildings. The ancient Greeks developed what is known as classical architecture. Most architects were built by combined designs ideas used on the Greek mainland with elements from the Aegean Islands and Asia Minor. I want to explain how and why the work of Greek builders influenced many architecture of other cultures, mainly to Rome.

“Construction Materials and Techniques.” Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Carroll Moulton. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1998. 163-167. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 29 Nov. 2014. In this book, Moulton explains the construction materials and techniques used by the skillful builders in Greeks and Rome, and this will give more details on how the buildings are still visible and why their methods were so successful. Even though most ancient buildings were destroyed or ruin, the structures influenced many architects today. The scholars studied the ruins and ancient writings to learn how the Greeks and the Rome constructed their buildings.
Audiovisual

Ancient Greek Architecture. Swide. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the Greece today. It shows the Parthenon on a hill with other ancient Greek buildings. I want to use this picture for my homepage on my website because it gives the overall picture of Greece, and this will grab people’s attention.

“Athens, Parthenon; Photo credit: Art Resource, NY.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. The picture I chose for the project is the Parthenon, and the picture will give my website more interesting. This unique temple was dedicated to Goddess Athena and was built from Pentelic marble. It was built during the Golden Age, and built my a famous sculptor named Phidias.

Battles of the Greco-Persian Wars. N.d. TopTenz. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . During 480B.C., the Persians attacked the city and destroyed the temples and statues on the Acropolis. This illustration shows both group in a battle. I wanted to make my website visual by putting pictures so that people aren’t bored of reading only the words.

“Classes of Stone Masonry.” Chestofbooks. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This picture shows the classes of stone Masonry. Greek builders used stone and rubble masonry to build everyday structures, such as houses, sheds, and workshops. Thus, I wanted to make website more interesting by putting different type of stone masonry. 



The Classical Orders. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This video describe and discuses the three classical orders. It talks about the style that ancient Greece used for temples. This video will give better understanding of the influence of classical orders in western world, and how it impacted our world today.

The Corinthian Order. N.d. Interactive Ancients. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This is a diagram of the Corinthian order. The Corinthian order was a straight smaller column than Ionic, and it wasn’t as popular as other orders. I wanted to give audience a visual image of the Corinthian order and the difference parts.

Doric Order. N.d. Vulgarie. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This diagram is showing the parts of Doric order. Doric order is the most simple, heavy column. I wanted to give the audience a visual image of what the Doric order looked like and description of each parts.

“The Erechtheum.” Flicker. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . The Erechtheum was built on the Acropolis of Athens between 421 and 405 BC. It’s a shrines with sanctuaries to Athena Polias, Poseidon, and Erechtheus. It had cella(inner chamber of a temple) in the lower level through a fine dorway. This is an example of Greek architecture which used Ionic cloumns. 

“Greek Houses & Daily Life.” Ancient Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This image is showing the ancient greek house and daily life. The Greek houses were constructed with mud brick, earth floors, and had no particular designs. This image will give people more visual picture of ancient Greek houses.

Greek Temples. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This video explained why Greek temples were important in Greek culture. It gives general information of design, construction, and decoration of the temples built by the ancient Greeks. This video will summarize my notes and I liked how the video talks about the rule to achieve ideal proportion from the Greek architectures. 

Ionic Order. N.d. Ionic Order. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This is a diagram of the Ionic order. The Ionic order was curved column used for small buildings. I want to give the audience a visual picture of how Ionic order might look like and the parts.

The Parthenon. Gail Skroback Hennessey. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . The picture I chose for the project is the Parthenon, and the picture will give my website more interesting. This unique temple was dedicated to Goddess Athena and was built from Pentelic marble. It was built during the Golden Age, and built my a famous sculptor named Phidias. 

Peterson, Emily J. “The Lincoln Memorial.” The Lincoln Memorial. N.p., 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the Lincoln Memorial. The monument is built in a Greek temple style with a statue of Lincoln sitting in the center. The type of column used for this monument is the Doric column, and this shows how ancient Greek architecture has influenced modern architecture.

Secret of the Parthenon - NOVA - Discovery History Architecture (documentary). Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This documentary discussed some interesting facts about the Parthenon. Parthenon is supported by Doric columns and it’s dedicated to the goddess named Athena. This is the only thing I explained in my website, but if people wanted to learn more about the Parthenon then this video will be a great source for them as a additional notes.

“Statue of Athena.” Nasville. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. This statue is dedicated to the Greek goddess named Athena. THe statue of Athena was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, so I wanted to include to my website to represent the Hellenistic people’s great work of architecture.



Statue of Zeus at Olympia. N.d. Internet Encyclopedia of History. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This is an illustration of one of the seven ancient wonders of the world, the statue of Zeus. It was made of many precious stones for the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. I wanted to show Hellenic’s people’s great passion of the Greek gods and goddesses.

“The Stoa.” Deviant Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This photograph shows the stoa which is a long, narrow row of columns with a plain wall and a roof. It is common in temples, Greek towns, and the agora/market place. I want to make my website more interesting for the audience, so that they can have more visual images than just reading.

“The Supreme Court.” Wealthy Nations. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the Supreme Court. It used the Corinthian columns to support the monument. This shows how ancient Greek architecture has influenced modern architecture.  

The temple of Apollo. N.d. Writing the past. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . The image shown is the temple of Apollo at Bassae(c.420 B.C.). It’s oldest known example of Corinthian order. The temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess named Athena.

“Temple of Hera II.” Walks of Itlay. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the Temple of Hera II. The temple is dedicated to Hera, the goddess of women and marriage. I’m trying to include many pictures of Greek temples because the Hellenic people are known best from their temples.

“Thomas Jefferson Memorial.” Jefferson Memorial. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This is a photograph of the Thomas Jefferson Memorial. It used the Ionic columns to support the monument. This shows how ancient Greek architecture has influenced modern architecture. 
Web sites, e-sources

“Acropolis.” Ancient Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. This site describes the three architectural systems called orders which has influenced many cultures. There were three types of Greek orders: Doric, Ironic, and Corinthian. I want to explains the three orders and give examples of architectures that used these columns.

Cartwright, Mark. “Greek Architecture.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 6 Jan. 2013. Web. 06 Dec. 2014. This web site gives brief informations about the ancient Greek architectures. I want to describe the structures of greek housing, temples, theaters, and stadia. In addition, the three different type of columns and the materials they used for the buildings will give me help me to go deeper into the ancient Greek architectures. 

Gibson, Gayle, Meg Morden, and Willie Rowbotham. “Greek Temples.” Greek Temples. Odyssey, Adventures in Archaeology, 31 May 2012. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. From this web site, I want to use the information of ancient Greek temples to explain why ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples. The temples were build for the individual god or goddess as their home. The role of the god and goddess is to protect and sustain the community, but they were liable to turn against the community. Thus, their houses were the finest, and given proper share of profits and harvest with servants to look after their every need.



Writing the past. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This website gives detailed informations about the temple of Apollo. It explains what make this temple unique, and the significant of the temple. I want to briefly introduce this temple because it is an incorporation of all three of the classical orders.


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