Arab-Israeli Conflict Vocabulary Benjamin Netanyahu



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Arab-Israeli Conflict Vocabulary


Benjamin Netanyahu:

Prime Minister of Israel. Leader of the Likud Party.
Mahmoud Abbas:

President palestinian national authority

chairman PLO, leader fatah
Ismail Haniyeh:

(Disputed) Prime Minister Palestinian National Authority. Sr. Leader Hamas
Arab League:

Regional org of arab states

Seeks to unify arab policy on issues, particularly israel
Declaration of principles:

(1993) est. interim self-government in gaza strip and west bank. transitional period was not to exceed five years.
Road Map:

(2003) Peace Plan drafted by the quartet – the US, EU, UN, and Russia.

Called for immediate cease-fire, a crackdown on palestinian militias, an israeli withdrawal from palestinian towns, and the dismantling of jewish settlements erected since 2001.


http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/israel_map_2006.jpg


Golan Heights: Sinai Peninsula:

Occupied during the Six Day War (1967) Peninsula between Egypt Proper & Israel taken by israel

Provides fresh water and protection. during six Day War (1967). Returned to Egypt as part of the

Camp David Accords (1978).



West Bank: Gaza Strip:

Largest Occupied Territory. Primarily palestinian population with some Israeli

Primarily palestinian population with a settlement. Controlled by Hamas since 2007, frequent

Large number of israeli settlements Attacks on Israel have led to violence & economic blockade


Israelis:

Citizens of Israel

Primarily a result of immigration from Europe.

palestinians:

Arabs living in the area formerly known as palestine

Knesset:

Israeli Parliament

Housed in Jerusalem

Tzipi Livni

Current israeli opposition leader

Leader of kadima, largest party in knesset

IDF:

israeli defense forces

Israel’s military

PLO:

Palestinian liberation organization

formed 1964 with goal of creating a palestinian state

PNA:

Palestinian national authority

interim self-government

Hamas:

“courage and bravery”

islamic fundamentalist group in occupied territories. claims responsibility for most terrorist activities against Israel, including suicide bombings. In control of Gaza since 2007 – refuses to recognize israel’s right to exist

Fatah:

Palestinian political party, Largest Faction of PLO

Maintains number of militant groups

Intifada:

uprising of palestinian youth in occupied territories

“Shaking off” israeli rule


Occupied Territories:

disputed areas of land controlled by israel as a result of war

israeli settlers/settlements:

israeli citizens who live and have businesses in small communities in the occupied territories, especially the west bank.

palestinian refugees:

750,000 palestinians who left/fled their homes during the first arab-israeli war

right of return:

supported by resolution 194

descendants of palestinians who fled israel in 1948 can claim a legal and moral right to return to their former homes in israel.

zionism:

desire of jews in the diaspora for a homeland led to

migration of jews to the area called palestine

resolution 181:

established the partition of the area palestine into separate jewish and arab states

Resolution 242:

(1967) Declared TERRITORIAL ACQUISITIONS by war inadmissible. Called for the withdrawal of israeli armed forces from occupied territories.

Resolution 338:

(1973) Called for the implementation of resolution 242. Cease-fire to 1973 War, called for negotiations to start.

Security fence/The Wall:

border along west bank settlements to protect settlers from attacks, primarily suicide bombings. Additional fence along gaza strip border



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