Arab-Israeli Conflict Vocabulary Benjamin Netanyahu
Date conversion 20.04.2016 Size 16.77 Kb.
Benjamin Netanyahu :
Prime Minister of Israel. Leader of the Likud Party.
President palestinian national authority
(Disputed) Prime Minister Palestinian National Authority. Sr. Leader Hamas
Regional org of arab states
to unify arab policy on issues, particularly israel
Declaration of principles:
(1993) est. interim self-government in gaza strip and west bank. transitional period was not to exceed five years.
(2003) Peace Plan drafted by the quartet – the US, EU, UN, and Russia.
Called for immediate cease-fire, a crackdown
on palestinian militias, an israeli withdrawal from palestinian towns, and the dismantling of jewish settlements erected since 2001.
Golan Heights: Sinai Peninsula:
Occupied during the Six Day War (1967) Peninsula between Egypt Proper & Israel taken by israel
Provides fresh water and protection. during six Day War (1967). Returned
to Egypt as part of the
Camp David Accords (1978).
West Bank: Gaza Strip:
Largest Occupied Territory. Primarily palestinian population with some Israeli
Primarily palestinian population with a settlement. Controlled by Hamas since 2007, frequent
Large number of israeli settlements Attacks on Israel have led to violence &
Citizens of Israel
Primarily a result of immigration from Europe.
Arabs living in the area formerly known as palestine
Housed in Jerusalem
Current israeli opposition leader
Leader of kadima,
largest party in knesset
israeli defense forces
formed 1964 with goal of creating a palestinian state
Palestinian national authority
“courage and bravery”
islamic fundamentalist group in occupied territories. claims responsibility for most terrorist activities against Israel, including suicide bombings. In control of Gaza since 2007 – refuses to recognize israel’s right to exist
political party, Largest Faction of PLO
Maintains number of militant groups
uprising of palestinian
youth in occupied territories
“Shaking off” israeli rule
disputed areas of land controlled by israel as a result of war
israeli citizens who live and have businesses in small communities
in the occupied territories, especially the west bank.
750,000 palestinians who left/fled their homes during the first arab-israeli war
right of return:
supported by resolution 194
descendants of palestinians who fled israel in 1948 can claim a legal and moral right to return to their former homes in israel.
desire of jews in the diaspora for a homeland led to
migration of jews
to the area called palestine
established the partition of the area palestine into separate jewish and arab states
(1967) Declared TERRITORIAL ACQUISITIONS by war inadmissible. Called for the withdrawal of israeli armed forces from occupied territories.
(1973) Called for the implementation of resolution 242. Cease-fire to 1973 War, called for negotiations to start.
Security fence/The Wall:
border along west bank settlements to protect settlers from attacks, primarily suicide bombings. Additional
fence along gaza strip border
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