Apush 1890-1915 Quiz Multiple Choice



Download 231.87 Kb.
Date conversion16.05.2016
Size231.87 Kb.
APUSH 1890-1915 Quiz

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. The Philippines are now



a.

an American protectorate.

c.

an unincorporated U.S. territory.

b.

an American commonwealth.

d.

an independent country.

____ 2. American support for the rebels in Cuba was fueled by



a.

the desire to protect American sugar interests on the island.

b.

popular interest in starting an American empire by taking control of Cuba.

c.

sensational stories published by rival newspapers.

d.

the fear of having a Spanish colony so close to the United States.

____ 3. Theodore Roosevelt became president



a.

by defeating William Jennings Bryan.

b.

by defeating William McKinley.

c.

when McKinley died of pneumonia.

d.

when McKinley was assassinated.


____ 4. Choose the answer choice that best explains why the vast majority of U.S. exports went to the United Kingdom in the period shown in the graphic.



a.

The United Kingdom was geographically closer than other countries.

b.

The United States had a long-established trading relationship with the United Kingdom.

c.

Residents of the United States and the United Kingdom both spoke English.

d.

The United Kingdom and the United States used the same currency.




U.S. Actions in the Pacific

U.S. Actions in Latin America

Expanded Chinese and Japanese markets

Invited Latin American countries to trade with United States at Pan-American Conference

Annexed the Midway Islands as refueling depots for navy

Supported Cuba’s rebellion against Spain

Built coaling stations on Samoan Islands

Built the Panama Canal

American business leaders led successful campaign for Hawaiian annexation

Issued the Roosevelt Corollary, stating that the United States would intervene in Latin America to maintain stability

____ 5. U.S. actions in the Pacific and in Latin America were primarily focused on



a.

improving the United States economically.

b.

shifting resources from the Pacific to Latin America.

c.

improving the lives of U.S. farmers

d.

driving European powers from Latin America and the Pacific.

“Suddenly, above the cracking of the carbines, rose a peculiar drumming sound, and some of the men cried, ‘The Spanish machine guns!’ . . . I [Roosevelt] . . . jumped to my feet . . . shouting aloud with exultation, ‘It’s the Gatlings, men, our Gatlings!’” —from The Rough Riders in Action

____ 6. When Roosevelt heard the sound, who did he assume the guns belonged to?

a.

Spanish troops

c.

Cuban troops

b.

U.S. troops

d.

Filippino troops

“We hold that the policy known as imperialism is hostile to liberty. . . . We regret that it has become necessary in the land of Washington and Lincoln to reaffirm that all men, of whatever race or color, are entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” —from “Platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League”

____ 7. What does the excerpt imply about the Anti-Imperialist League’s views on imperialism?

a.

It brings life, liberty, and happiness to more people.

b.

It reaffirms the United States as a world power.

c.

U.S. imperialism is similar to British actions against the American colonists.

d.

It maintains the traditions of Washington and Lincoln.

____ 8. Alice Paul’s strategy alarmed many in the suffrage movement because she wanted to



a.

support Woodrow Wilson.

c.

use protests to force suffrage.

b.

start a women-only political party.

d.

use violence to force suffrage.

____ 9. Theodore Roosevelt tried to win the Republican nomination from William Howard Taft in the 1912 election because he believed that Taft



a.

did not deal with trusts aggressively enough.

b.

had failed to live up to progressive ideals.

c.

could not defeat Woodrow Wilson.

d.

was too slow in pushing for tariff reform.

____ 10. The Underwood Tariff Act included a provision for



a.

negotiating tariffs with other nations.

b.

levying an income tax.

c.

starting a new national bank.

d.

banning tying agreements.

____ 11. In a direct primary,



a.

all party members vote for delegates to the party’s convention.

b.

the party’s state legislators vote for delegates to the party’s convention.

c.

all party members vote for a candidate to run in the general election.

d.

the party’s state legislators vote for a candidate to run in the election.




Muckrakers’ Focus

Large Corporations

Government

Social Problems

Ida Tarbell writes series of articles critical of Standard Oil.

David Graham Philips describes influence of money in the Senate.

Jacob Riis writes How the Other Half Live, a book that discusses poverty, disease, and crime.

Charles Edward Russell writes about the beef industry.

Lincoln Steffens writes report on vote stealing.

Muckraker articles lead to public debates on social and economic problems.

____ 12. According to the graphic, which of the following was not a cause of concern for the Muckrakers?



a.

social problems

c.

government

b.

corporations

d.

military actions




Beliefs of Progressives

People can improve society by relying on science and knowledge.

Industrialism and urbanization cause problems.

Government should fix problems.

Government itself should be reformed in order to achieve reform.

____ 13. According to the graphic, what did Progressives think was responsible for solving the problems of U.S. society?



a.

urbanization patterns

c.

scientific discoveries

b.

legislative action

d.

industrial development




Progressives Support

Government Reforms

Business Regulation

Social Reforms

Commission and city-manager forms of government

Consumer protection laws

Child labor laws

The Seventeenth Amendment, which gave voters the right to elect senators directly

The Federal Trade Commission, which was set up to regulate business

Workers’ compensation legislation

The Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote

The Federal Reserve system, which was set up to control the money supply

The temperance movement, which worked to ban alcohol

____ 14. This table indicates that Progressive era reformers



a.

were focused solely on governmental reforms.

b.

had a singular commitment to ban alcohol.

c.

were interested in changing several aspects of American culture.

d.

were only interested in giving women the right to vote.

____ 15. In general, progressives support reforms that would improve the lives of



a.

business owners.

c.

politicians.

b.

workers.

d.

commissioners.

____ 16. According to the graphic, ____ was the main goal of progressive government reforms?



a.

to give industrialists more control over government

b.

to give voters more control over government

c.

to give U.S. industries a better chance to compete in foreign markets

d.

to give the federal government more power over state governments


____ 17. According to the graphic, by how much did the total female labor force grow between 1900 and 1920?



a.

310,000

c.

4,525,000

b.

2,300,000

d.

3,230,000

“Two years ago, I saw 150 children working illegally at 20 minutes past 10 o’clock at night in a perfectly reputable dry goods store in the city of New York on the Saturday night before Christmas. If one of those children had stolen any small article . . . the heavy hand of the law would have carried that child promptly into the Juvenile Court. But 150 children were robbed of sleep in violation of the law.” —from Child Labor Laws

____ 18. The excerpt reveals that the employer was breaking the law regulating

a.

how late children could work.

b.

how much children should be paid.

c.

working on religious holidays.

d.

the kinds of employment done by children.

“Between Halsted Street and the river live about the thousand Italians—Neapolitans, Sicilians, and Calabrians, with an occasional Lombard or Venetion. To the south on Twelfth Street are many Germans, and side streets are given over almost entirely to Polish and Russian Jews.” —from The Beginnings of Hull House

____ 19. According to the excerpt, immigrants tended to live in communities with

a.

only English-speaking neighbors.

b.

non-Jewish immigrants.

c.

other immigrants from the same country.

d.

other immigrants from European countries.

“The foreign relations of the United States actually and potentially affect the state of the Union to a degree . . . hardly surpassed by any other factor in the welfare of the whole nation. The position of the United States in the moral, intellectual, and material relations of the family of nations should be a matter of vital interest to every patriotic citizen. The national prosperity and power impose upon us duties which we cannot shirk if we are to be true to our ideals. . . . ” —from Taft’s Foreign Policy

____ 20. According to the excerpt, President Taft believes the United States cannot practice isolationism because

a.

the nation’s wealth and power must be directed at global problems.

b.

George Washington had a argued against isolationism.

c.

the Monroe Doctrine legally requires the United States to act on a global level.

d.

he is trying to act opposite of his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt.


____ 21. Under which form(s) of city government do voters elect a mayor?



a.

council-manager form only

b.

mayor-council form only

c.

commissioner form only

d.

council-manager and mayor-council forms

____ 22. Woodrow Wilson sent marines into several Latin American countries to



a.

protect the southwestern border of the United States from attack.

b.

preserve trading rights for American companies in Latin America.

c.

protect United States citizens living in Latin America when civil wars broke out there.

d.

set up stable democratic governments in Latin America.

____ 23. President Wilson’s invasion of Veracruz was



a.

opposed in Europe and Latin America.

b.

supported by Britain and Germany.

c.

applauded by Europeans.

d.

welcomed by Latin Americans.

____ 24. The event that touched off the first declaration of war in World War I was



a.

the assassination of the archduke of Germany.

b.

the assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.

c.

the German invasion of Belgium.

d.

the German invasion of Russia.

____ 25. World War I was the first war in which



a.

African American soldiers were not segregated from white soldiers.

b.

women officially served in the armed forces.

c.

the government officially imposed conscription.

d.

the military drafted African American men.

____ 26. To conserve energy during World War I, the Fuel Administration introduced



a.

longer workdays.

c.

Hooverizing.

b.

daylight savings time.

d.

corn-based fuels.

____ 27. The Great Migration during World War I was a flow of



a.

European immigrants fleeing to the United States to escape the war in Europe.

b.

French refugees fleeing to Britain ahead of the German onslaught.

c.

Mexicans fleeing to the American Southwest to escape political turmoil.

d.

African Americans moving from the South to Northern cities.

____ 28. Which of the following innovations best completes the diagram?





a.

tanks

c.

rapid-fire machine guns

b.

airplanes

d.

poison gas

____ 29. The “Big Four” who attended the peace conference at the end of World War I were the leaders from the United States, Britain, France, and



a.

Russia.

c.

Italy.

b.

Germany.

d.

Austria-Hungary.

____ 30. Woodrow Wilson used Mexico’s refusal to apologize for arresting American sailors in Tampico as an excuse to



a.

arrest Mexican sailors currently in United States ports.

b.

deport Mexican citizens in the United States back to Mexico.

c.

attempt to overthrow the Mexican government.

d.

conduct a series of raids across the border into Mexico.

____ 31. According to the Zimmermann telegram, if Mexico allied with Germany, Germany would



a.

send troops to support the Huerta government.

b.

prevent the United States from taking control of Mexico.

c.

help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.

d.

help Mexico take control of Central America.

____ 32. During World War I, Americans were encouraged to “Hooverize” by



a.

observing Wheatless Mondays.

b.

observing Heatless Mondays.

c.

buying Liberty Bonds.

d.

buying only products necessary to live.

____ 33. Criticism of the war at home was effectively silenced by



a.

the Committee on Public Information.

b.

the Espionage and Sedition Acts.

c.

the Red Scare.

d.

the Palmer raids.

____ 34. In World War I, airplanes were first used to



a.

transport troops to the front.

c.

bomb enemy trenches.

b.

observe enemy activities.

d.

bring supplies to the troops.




Building the Military

Selective Service

African Americans

Women

Selective Service Act of 1917 required men between 21 and 30 to register for the draft.

Approximately 400,000 African Americans were drafted; approximately 42,000 served overseas as combat troops.

World War I was the first war that women officially served in the armed forces, although only in non-combat positions.

Those who registered were selected by lottery to come before a local draft board.

African Americans served in racially segregated units almost always under the supervision of white officers.

In 1917, the navy authorized enlistment of women to meet its clerical needs. The women wore a standard uniform and were assigned the rank of yeoman.

Approximately 2.8 million Americans were drafted. Approximately 2 million volunteered for service.

The African American 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions fought in bitter battles along the Western Front.

The only women to serve in the army were in the Army Nursing Corps.

____ 35. What were two jobs that women performed in the armed services during World War I?



a.

infantry and nursing

c.

administration and clerical work

b.

drafting and nursing

d.

nursing and clerical work

____ 36. What did African American and women have in common during World War I?



a.

They fought in combat.

b.

They were drafted.

c.

They received a standard rank.

d.

They served separately from white male soldiers.

“I can’t sleep. National and personal potentialities [possibilities] are surging through my brain. Three stalwart railroad men came to the Embassy this evening. They brought reports of a plan for the massacre of Americans in the street to-night, but, strange and wonderful thing, a heavy rain is falling. . . . Rain is as potent as shell-fire in clearing the streets, and I don’t think there will be any trouble.” —from A Diplomat’s Wife in Mexico

____ 37. Why, according to the quote, was this woman concerned?

a.

There was gunfire.

c.

She could not sleep.

b.

A storm was coming.

d.

Americans were to be massacred.

“There is a growing frenzy of suspicion and hostility toward disloyalty. I [Secretary of War Newton Baker] am afraid we are going to have a good many instances of people roughly treated on very slight evidence of disloyalty. Already a number of men and some women have been tarred and feathered, and a portion of the press is urging with great vehemence more strenuous efforts at detection and punishment.” —from Distant Thunder

____ 38. According to the quote, who is pressing for more strenuous efforts at detecting and punishing disloyalty?

a.

men

c.

women

b.

the government

d.

the press

“ . . . Property can be paid for; the lives of peaceful and innocent people cannot be. The present German submarine warfare against commerce is a warfare against mankind.” —from A Declaration of War

____ 39. According to the quote, why is war being declared?

a.

Property has been wrongly seized.

b.

German submarine attacks have killed innocent people.

c.

German submarines have stopped all trade routes.

d.

Innocent people have been killed in their homes.

____ 40. The meeting in 1905 that included W.E.B. Du Bois and other African American leaders to demand full political rights and responsibilities for African Americans eventually resulted in the founding of the



a.

Progressive Party.

b.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

c.

Colored Farmers’ National Alliance.

d.

Federal Trade Commission.

____ 41. To restore public confidence in the banking system, Wilson supported the establishment of a



a.

loan system.

c.

Federal Reserve system.

b.

gold-based currency system.

d.

Federal Trade Commission.

____ 42. In the election of 1912, Teddy Roosevelt became the presidential candidate for the newly formed



a.

Progressive Party.

c.

Libertarian Party.

b.

Independent Party.

d.

Populist Party.

____ 43. When the explosion of the Maine happened, many Americans blamed it on



a.

Cuba.

c.

the Philippines.

b.

the Foraker Act.

d.

Spain.

____ 44. Under the Treaty of Paris, Cuba became an independent country, the United States agreed to pay Spain $20 million for the Philippines, and the United States acquired Puerto Rico and



a.

Guam.

c.

the Bahamas.

b.

Hawaii.

d.

Mexico.

____ 45. What was a territory called when an imperial power allowed local rulers to stay in control and protected them against invasion?



a.

a colony

c.

an unincorporated territory

b.

a protectorate

d.

a state


Matching

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Federal Trade Commission

d.

New Nationalism

b.

New Freedom

e.

income tax

c.

Adamson Act

____ 46. Teddy Roosevelt’s program

____ 47. direct tax on the earnings of individuals and corporations

____ 48. established the eight-hour workday for railroad workers

____ 49. created to monitor American business

____ 50. Woodrow Wilson’s program



Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

José Martí

d.

Platt Amendment

b.

jingoism

e.

yellow journalism

c.

Rough Riders

____ 51. governed relations between the United States and Cuba, effectively making Cuba into an American protectorate

____ 52. sensationalist reporting to attract readers

____ 53. a volunteer cavalry regiment from the American West

____ 54. writer, poet, and exiled leader committed to the cause of Cuban independence

____ 55. an attitude of aggressive nationalism



Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Pan-Americanism

d.

Matthew C. Perry

b.

Alfred T. Mahan

e.

Anglo-Saxonism

c.

imperialism

____ 56. wrote a best-selling book that helped to build public support for a big navy

____ 57. the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations

____ 58. idea that Latin America and the United States should work together

____ 59. idea that the English-speaking nations were destined to dominate the planet

____ 60. took a naval expedition to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty



APUSH 1890-1915 Quiz

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 533

2. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 528-529

3. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 537 MSC: Document Based Question

4. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 537 MSC: Document Based Question

5. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 523 MSC: Document Based Question

6. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 531 MSC: Document Based Question

7. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 531

8. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 550

9. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 567

10. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 568

11. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 549

12. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 546-547 MSC: Document Based Question

13. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 547

14. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 546-553

15. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 547,553

16. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 549

17. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 550-551

18. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 551-552

19. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 547-548

20. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 562-565

21. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 549

22. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 577

23. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 577

24. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 578-579

25. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 585

26. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 586

27. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 587

28. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 593

29. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 596

30. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 577

31. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 582 MSC: Document Based Question

32. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 586 MSC: Document Based Question

33. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 588-589

34. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 594

35. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 585

36. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 585

37. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 577

38. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 589

39. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 581-582

40. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 570

41. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 568

42. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 567

43. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 528

44. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 532

45. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 521

MATCHING

46. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 567

47. ANS: E DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 568

48. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 570

49. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 569

50. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 567

51. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 533

52. ANS: E DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 528

53. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 531

54. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 528

55. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 529

56. ANS: B DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level High

REF: 525

57. ANS: C DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 521

58. ANS: A DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Low

REF: 524

59. ANS: E DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate

REF: 521

60. ANS: D DIF: FCAT Cognitive Complexity Level Moderate



REF: 522


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page