Ap wh chapter 4-6 Exam Review Short Answer Instructions



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AP WH Chapter 4-6 Exam Review
Short Answer
Instructions: Answer the following question(s):
1. What does the chapter reveal about the status of Muslim women? Compare their status with the status of women in other parts of the world at that time.
2. How did the decline of the Byzantine Empire correlate with the growth in the power and prestige of the Holy Roman Empire in western Europe?
3. Describe the political and economic transformation of Western Europe after the decline of Rome. How did the organization of Medieval European societies differ from that of Rome at its height?
Instructions: Identify the following key term(s):
4. schism
5. serf
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 6. All of the following are true about camels in Arab society except

a.

they aided in control of the caravan trade.

b.

there was decreased emphasis on wheeled vehicles by the sixth century.

c.

they caused disintegration of the internal road structure because it was no longer necessary.

d.

they had sustainability in the desert environs.

e.

they were very strong pack animals.

____ 7. Mecca is an important city because it.



a.

has an unusually cold climate for the Arabian peninsula.

b.

is a caravan city and pilgrimage site of the Ka'ba.

c.

is the rival city to Jerusalem.

d.

is abundantly watered and needs no irrigation for crops.

e.

is the birthplace of Abraham.

____ 8. Muhammad conceived Islam after



a.

experiencing revelations.

b.

dreaming about Ishmael from the Old Testament.

c.

many years of religious study in a mosque.

d.

being possessed by a shaitan.

e.

reading the Bible.

____ 9. Islam means



a.

surrender to the will of God.

b.

the one true religion.

c.

the true belief.

d.

leader of God's people.

e.

the Chosen People.

____ 10. Why did Muhammad leave Mecca for Medina (hijra)?



a.

He sought more followers in the north.

b.

One of his visions commanded him to.

c.

Meccan leaders were threatened by his popularity.

d.

Muhammad's wife had family in Medina.

e.

Theology argued that Abraham had lived in the north.

____ 11. After the city of Mecca surrendered to Muhammad, he established a new state based on a



a.

democratic government system.

b.

dynastic system with his sons as the monarchs.

c.

government system similar to the Persian administration.

d.

common religious faith.

e.

loose coalition of Arab city-states.

____ 12. After Muhammad's death, the Muslim community



a.

held general elections to replace Muhammad.

b.

abandoned the orthodox teachings of Islam.

c.

chose a caliph, Abu Bakr.

d.

searched the entire peninsula for a suitable successor, according to Muhammad's last instructions.

e.

embraced his wife, Khadija, as his successor.

____ 13. Muslim religious practice is based on the



a.

Three Goals to Salvation.

b.

Ten Commandments.

c.

Eightfold Path.

d.

Four Noble Truths.

e.

Five Pillars.

____ 14. Muhammad's revelations from the angel are compiled in a book called



a.

the Hadith.

b.

the Third Testament.

c.

the Quran.

d.

the Ka'ba.

e.

the Revelations.

____ 15. Why is the martyrdom of Husayn a significant event in Muslim history?



a.

It marks the anniversary of Jesus's crucifixion.

b.

It marks the beginning of Muslim expansion.

c.

It marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

d.

It marks the end of the Muslim expansion.

e.

It marks the beginning of the sect of Shi'ism.

____ 16. The decline of the Umayyad dynasty was due to



a.

scandals involving the morality of the caliphs.

b.

growing unrest among non-Arab Muslims, who demanded access to political power.

c.

a peasant revolt over increases in taxes and decreases in wages.

d.

the arrival of a Jewish messiah.

e.

lack of a competent heir.

____ 17. Why is the Abbasid rule considered a "golden age"?



a.

It created a refined and cosmopolitan culture in Baghdad.

b.

The Spanish region was considered the golden frontier.

c.

It used gold as the standard coinage throughout the empire.

d.

It used the golden cow as the focus of religious worship.

e.

It is marked by the rule of the "golden" monarch, Abu Bakr.

____ 18. Under Islamic leadership, the Jewish people of Spain



a.

experienced widespread discrimination.

b.

were frequently arrested and persecuted.

c.

contributed to the cultural growth of Spain as great thinkers and writers.

d.

experienced a diaspora to eastern Europe.

e.

passed laws ensuring the ascension of Jews to the Spanish throne.

____ 19. Which of the following statements is not true about the rule of the Seljuk Empire?



a.

They ruled the Middle East during the First Crusade.

b.

Mesopotamia grew in population and influence.

c.

Irrigation and canal systems fell into disrepair during their rule.

d.

Seljuk leaders didn't get involved in internal religious fighting.

e.

Cities shrank and lost population during their rule.

____ 20. Byzantine power was significantly diminished by the Seljuks with



a.

the Seljuk's alliance with the Mamluks.

b.

the Byzantine alliance with the Buyids.

c.

the Battle of Manzikert

d.

the failure of the First Crusade.

e.

the Schism of 1054

____ 21. The schism of 1054 between the Eastern and Western churches was caused primarily by disagreements over



a.

how mass should be celebrated.

b.

the jurisdiction of the western papacy.

c.

monophysitism.

d.

Arianism.

e.

The Crusades.

____ 22. What was the most significant architectural contribution of the Byzantine Empire?



a.

Hagia Sophia

b.

The Great Horn

c.

The Hippodrome

d.

The palace of the Porphyrogenitus rulers

e.

The library of Alexius Comnenus

____ 23. In general, which of the following did not occur in western Europe after the decline of Roman authority?



a.

A legal framework disappeared.

b.

There was increasing political fragmentation.

c.

The population depended on local strongmen rather than on monarchs.

d.

Roman traditions were replaced with family-based German traditions.

e.

The city of Rome lost its prominence as the seat of the Roman church.

____ 24. In what area of France did Charles "The Hammer" Martel stop the expansion of the Muslims from Spain?



a.

Tours

b.

Loire

c.

Lyon

d.

Marseilles

e.

Paris

____ 25. The Treaty of Verdun resulted in



a.

the formal declaration of Roman Christianity for kingdoms of Charlemagne.

b.

a cessation of hostilities between the Muslims and Christians in Spain.

c.

the division of the Holy Roman Empire among Charlemagne's grandsons.

d.

a reconciliation between the Eastern Orthodox and Western (Catholic) Christian sects.

e.

formal surrender of Constantinople to the Seljuk Turks.

____ 26. A significant military threat to western Europe in the late 8th century came from:



a.

the Abbasid Caliphate's re-conquest of Islamic territories.

b.

the reappearance from the eastern Steppes of the Huns.

c.

uprisings of Germanic tribes against Charlemagne's expansion.

d.

Viking raiders along the coastal areas.

e.

a renewed naval fleet from Carthage.

____ 27. As time went on, armored knighthood



a.

was restricted to those with hereditary titles.

b.

continued only in areas with a free peasantry.

c.

was limited to those with revenue from land.

d.

required permission of the king and the church.

e.

was taught to all citizens.

____ 28. Technology to improve military skills in the Middle Ages included all of the following except



a.

metal weapons.

b.

stirrups.

c.

chain mail.

d.

heavy horses.

e.

an early form of dynamite.

____ 29. Books within the Catholic church to guide priests about appropriate penance for sin were called:



a.

hymnals.

b.

catechism.

c.

triptychs

d.

hagiographies.

e.

penitentials.

____ 30. The term investiture controversy refers to the



a.

struggle for control of ecclesiastical appointments.

b.

debate over how to invest church funds.

c.

conflict over choosing new popes.

d.

amount of power local priests were allowed.

e.

issue of whether a noble could marry a commoner.

____ 31. The movement for reformed monasticism under the austere Rule of Benedict included all of the following changes except



a.

independence of the monastery from local secular politics.

b.

poverty.

c.

prayer at specified intervals.

d.

hard labor.

e.

rule from the monastery at Cluny.

____ 32. One of the most important effects of monasticism was



a.

the preservation of literacy and learning, particularly with regard to ancient Latin texts.

b.

the new hierarchy it imposed on the church.

c.

the aggressive missionary efforts of Benedictine monks.

d.

the creation of a religious warrior class.

e.

preserving the work of the ancient Greeks.

____ 33. The reform monastic movement started in France was centered at



a.

Cluny

b.

Clarveaux

c.

Aquitaine

d.

Paris

e.

Aix-la-Chappell.

____ 34. The Varangians who ruled early Russia were



a.

Turkish nomads

b.

displaced Byzantine aristocracy.

c.

Swedish Vikings

d.

Germanic tribesmen.

e.

the Kievan nobility.

____ 35. In Kievan Russia, power derived from



a.

landholding.

b.

warfare.

c.

religion.

d.

trade.

e.

mining.



Map-Based Questions
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 8.1 from your textbook (page 231).
36. Using Map 8.1, identify the regions controlled by the Sasanids and the Byzantines before 622 C.E. What role did the Arab peoples play in their empires?
37. Using Map 8.1, examine the extent of the Islamic empire after Muhammad's death. What prevented it from gaining a hold in western Europe, except for Spain?
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 8.2 from your textbook (page 235).
38. Using Map 8.2, describe the "golden age" of Islamic civilization, during which a multiethnic Islamic world flourished. What groups were included in this "multiethnic" empire? Did geography play a role in this development? How?
39. Using Map 8.2 and the chapter, describe the Islamic conquest of Spain. Did a unique civilization develop there? How did the Islamic civilization of Spain influence the rest of western Europe?
40. Using Map 8.2, locate Bukhara and the region of the Samanid dynasty. Why was their challenge to the Arab cultural world so dramatic? What did "Persia" mean in this time period?
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 9.1 from your textbook (page 257).
41. Refer to Map 9.1 and show how the focus of medieval Europe was characterized by a "move away from the Mediterranean" and toward the north and west. How did this shift bring Europe into conflict with Islamic civilizations?
42. Refer to Map 9.1 and point out the five patriarchates of Christianity. How did the location of four of them in the eastern realm challenge church politics, particularly in contributing to the schism of 1054?
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 9.2 from your textbook (page 258).
43. Refer to Map 9.2 and explain how the Roman Empire fragmented into many Germanic kingdoms. How were languages affected by this development?
44. Refer to Map 9.2 and discuss how this new fragmented European map defended itself from invaders. What groups aggressively challenged these new European kingdoms?
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 9.3 from your textbook (page 270).
45. Using Map 9.3 and the chapter, describe the significance of Kievan Russia adopting the Christianity of the Byzantine Empire. How did this decision form an alliance between them, and how did it strengthen Eastern Orthodoxy in conflicts with the Western Church after 1054?
Instructions: Answer the following question(s) using Map 9.4 from your textbook (page 275).
46. Using Map 9.4, trace the paths of the important Crusades, noting their dates and the major battles. Indicate any territory that the Crusades may have captured and the years the territory was held.
47. Using Map 9.4, describe the important cultural interaction that took place as a result of the Crusades. What knowledge did Europe gain as a result of the Crusades?



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