|AP US History - Early National Period Unit Test
Choose the answer that best completes the statements or answers the question.
1. Why did westerners feel bitterness or resentment toward the British during the late 1780s?
a. westerners believed that the British wished to award loyalists tracts of western land
b. the federal government insisted that westerners pay a share of the debt owed to Britain
c. the British continued to occupy seven forts on American soil and backed the northwestern Indian’s resistance to white settlers
d. a large portion of westerners were former French-Canadians who had hated the British ever since the beginning of colonization
2. Which of the following is an accurate statement about “work” in the United States before the 1800’s?
a. nearly everyone worked at what was temporarily or permanently their home
b. nearly everyone worked in large factories
c. most women worked in department stores
d. the biggest employer was the railroad industry
4. Which of the following is an accurate description of George Washington’s style of leadership?
a. he deferred to Congress on domestic issues, and spoke publicly only on foreign relations and military affairs
b. he was himself as a creator of legislation and fought with Congress often over his domestic agenda
c. he surrounded himself with a completely Federalist cabinet and deferred to them on all domestic and foreign issues
d. he enjoyed the power of the presidential role and sought to increase the power throughout his terms
5. The political figure who took the lead in establishing the Washington administration’s domestic priorities was…
a. Alexander Hamilton
b. George Washington
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. John Adams
6. Hamilton wanted the federal government to take over the Revolutionary War debt of the Continental Congress and the states because he believed that…
a. this would cause a heavy loss to land speculators
b. this was required by the U.S. Constitution and Hamilton interpreted the document strictly
c. this would cause wealthy creditors to favor the new federal government and the extension of its power
d. George Washington forced him to do so
7. Hamilton supported having a tariff on foreign imports because this would most help out _____________, who he and fellow Federalists supported, and drew support from.
a. small farmers
b. manufacturing and industrial businesses
c. slave owners
8. Hamilton (and his fellow Federalists) belief that a federal activity could only be unconstitutional only in the Constitution specifically forbade that activity represents his…
c. strict interpretation of the Constitution
d. loose interpretation of the Constitution
9. the first significant internal challenge to the new federal government in Washington’s presidency, the Whiskey Rebellion, began in…
b. Boston, Mass.
c. Western Pennsylvania
d. New Orleans
10. Which of the following accurately describes American opinion regarding the Anglo-French struggle after the French Revolution?
a. New Englanders favored Britain because they believed that good relations with the British were essential to the region’s economic prosperity
b. southerners favored Britain because they believed that the British offered the best potential market for their exports
c. New Englanders tended to favor France because of the alliance signed between the colonies and the French during the American Revolution
d. no Americans supported either side because the country was so pro-Spanish instead
12. Which of the following was a British practice that damaged American-Briton relations during Washington’s presidency?
a. British confiscating foreign ships trading with French Caribbean colonies
b. forcibly “impressing” ex-British sailors on American ships into the Navy
c. maintaining forts and troops on American soil
d. all of the above
13. Which of the following was one of the accomplishments of Jay’s Treaty?
a. It ended the British practice of impressments
b. it arranged for the withdrawal of British troops from American soil
c. it reopened the British West Indies to American merchant ships
d. it ended the issue of slavery in the United States
14. What role did newspapers play in American politics during the late 1700s?
a. they declined in circulation and lost influence
b. they expanded in number and their carefully reasoned and balanced coverage led to pleasant and fair political discussion
c. they declined dramatically in influence because both Federalists and Republicans refused to honor the right to a free press
d. they expanded in number and readership, and regardless of political perspective, were often libelous and irresponsible
15. The main complaint Republicans made about Federalists in the late 1700s was that Federalists…
a. had become too focused on enriching wealthy citizens at the taxpayer’s expense and were creating a nobility and possibly monarchy in the U.S.
b. were free-thinking radicals that would introduce anarchy to the U.S.
c. were plotting a reign of terror that would turn the U.S. over to French hands
d. favored too much of an agricultural society that would hurt the Republican’s support from big business industrialists