Ap us history- give Me Liberty

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AP US HISTORY- Give Me Liberty- CHAPTER 10
What were the social bases for the flourishing democracy of the early mid-nineteenth century?

  1. The Triumph of Democracy

    1. Property and Democracy

      1. The Market Revolution and territorial expansion were linked with what other element of American freedom?

      2. Not a single state that entered the Union after the 13-

      3. The increased number of wage earners argued-

        1. How did this help American politics?

      4. By 1829 who still had property requirements? Why?

      5. By 1860-

      6. The independence necessary in the citizen now rested with _______? What did this reflect?

    2. The Dorr War

      1. Who was the lone exception to democratization? What did they require?

      2. Describe what happened during the 1841 People’s Convention-

        1. Who did it enfranchise? Who became disenfranchised?

        2. Who became governor?

          1. How did President Tyler respond?

          2. What happened to their leader?

          3. What did this demonstrate?

    3. Tocqueville on Democracy

      1. By 1840-

      2. What came to define America’s identity? Why?

      3. Democracy in America-

        1. What does Tocqueville say you need to understand in order to understand America?

        2. “Habit of the heart,”-

        3. How did democracy represent a political transformation?

      4. What did democracy reinforce?

      5. What helped to define the people of the US?

        1. What became the emblem of American citizenship?

    4. The Information Revolution

      1. Define the Information Revolution-

      2. Define “penny press” and explain what allowed it to develop:

      3. Who were some of the famous women writers:

    5. The Limits of Democracy

      1. How could the word “universal” be reconciled with barring blacks and women from political participation? (Explain the shift between economic dependency to natural incapacity)

    6. A Racial Democracy

      1. Explain what Tocqueville noted about “equality” in America

      2. Minstrel Shows-

    7. Race and Class

      1. Thaddeus Stevens-

      2. By 1860-

      3. What became the boundary for voting rather than class?

What efforts were made in this period to strengthen the economic integration of the nation, and what major crises hindered these efforts?

  1. Nationalism and Its Discontents

    1. The American System

      1. What did the War of 1812 inspire?

      2. What was a result of the National Bank losing its charter in 1811?

      3. What did young Republicans like Clay and Calhoun think the nation need

      4. Define the American System:

        1. Who was President?

        2. Who coined the name:

        3. How is it different than the American System of Manufacturing-

        4. What are the three pillars of the plan?

      5. What are “internal improvements”?

        1. How did Congress help?

      6. Tariff of 1816-

      7. National Bank-

    2. Banks and Money

      1. What was the role of the Second Bank?

      2. What had been the role of local banks?

      3. Who issues paper money today?

      4. How was the value of currency determined in the 19th century?

        1. What is “specie”-

        2. How was the Bank of the United States supposed to help with the value of money?

    3. The Panic of 1819

      1. After the War of 1812, how and why did the Bank of the United States participate in a speculative fever?

        1. What happened when the economic bubble burst?

    4. The Politics of the Panic

      1. How long did it last? How did disrupt the political harmony of the Era of Good Feelings?

      2. Impact on public opinion of banks-

      3. McCulloch v. Maryland-

    5. The Missouri Controversy

      1. Why are Monroe’s two terms in office not necessarily “the Era of Good Feelings”?

      2. In 1819-

        1. Tallmadge Proposal-

          1. How did this impact the Republican unity?

      3. Three parts of the Missouri Compromise and who proposed it?

    6. The Slavery Question

      1. Impact of twenty-eight years of Virginia presidents-

      2. What fatal issue was raised by the Missouri controversy?

What were the major areas of conflict between nationalism and sectionalism?

  1. Nation, Section, and Party

    1. The United States and the Latin American Wars of Independence

      1. What happened between 1810 and 1820?

        1. How did Monroe respond?

      2. What parallels existed between Spanish-American revolutions and the American Revolution?

        1. How were they different?

      3. How were Latin American constitutions more democratic than America’s?

      4. What made it difficult for Latin American Countries to achieve the same development as the United States?

    2. The Monroe Doctrine

      1. Who was John Quincy Adams and what was he devoted to?

      2. What are the three principles of the Monroe Doctrine?

        1. What is Monroe Doctrine sometimes called?

      3. What di Adams hope?

    3. The Election of 1824

      1. What did the Monroe Doctrine reflect?

        1. What ruled domestic politics?

      2. What did Jackson’s popularity rest on?

      3. Who were other candidates during the election and where did their support come from?

      4. Describe what happened during the election.

        1. Define/Explain “corrupt bargain”

      5. The election of 1824-

    4. The Nationalism of John Quincy Adams

      1. What did he support at home and abroad?

    5. “Liberty is Power”

      1. What did Adams’s plans include?

      2. What did he predict?

      3. Who did he alarm and why?

    6. Martin Van Buren and the Democratic Party

      1. What were the criticisms of Adams?

      2. What did the clash between Adams and Van Buren represent?

      3. What did Van Buren say was good about political parties?

    7. The Election 1828

      1. Describe the campaigning in the 1828 election.

      2. What did Jackson’s election demonstrate?

In what ways did Andrew Jackson embody the contradictions of democratic nationalism?

  1. The Age of Jackson

    1. Who did he claim to be a champion of?

    2. What did he think about the market revolution?

    3. Describe his opinion of the federal government?

    4. The Party System

      1. How did campaigns/elections change?

      2. What did party machines provide in cities?

      3. What did Jackson think about government posts?

      4. Define “spoils system”- (what became the main qualification)

      5. Define “kitchen cabinet”-

    5. Democrats and Whigs

      1. What did Jacksonian politics revolve around?

      2. The central elements of the political debate of the time-

      3. Explain/describe how the market revolution determine the views/makeup of the Democrats and Whigs

    6. Public and Private Freedom

      1. What did democrats accomplish during Jackson’s presidency? (at least 4 things)

        1. By 1835-

          1. How did this impact states?

    7. Politics and Morality

      1. Define “temperance”

        1. Why didn’t Democrats support this?

      2. How did Whigs view society?

        1. Explain what Whigs thought about the role of the federal government

    8. South Carolina and Nullification

      1. Tariff of 1828-

    9. Calhoun’s Political Theory

      1. Exposition and Protest-

        1. Explain Calhoun’s argument about the national government

      2. Peggy Eaton and her impact on Calhoun/Jackson’s relationship

      3. Webster’s argument about the federal government-

      4. Jackson and Calhoun’s speeches at a dinner party-

    10. The Nullification Crisis

      1. 1832-

        1. Jackson’s response-

      2. 1833-

      3. What was ironic about Jackson?

    11. Indian Removal

      1. Explain how did cotton impact the relationship between America and the Indians

      2. Indian Removal Act of 1830-

        1. How did this repudiate Jefferson’s ideas

        2. Cherokee Indians-

    12. The Supreme Court and the Indians

      1. John v. M’Intosh-

      2. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia-

      3. Worcester v. Georgia-

        1. Jackson’s Response-

      4. Trail of Tears-

      5. Second Seminole War-

      6. A Son of the Forest-

      7. What did the removal of the Native Americans reinforce about American freedom?

How did the Bank War influence the economy and party competition?

  1. The Bank War and After

    1. Biddle’s Bank

      1. The central political struggle in the Age of Jackson-

      2. What did the bank symbolize?

        1. What reinforced the idea that “bankers contributed nothing and profited from the labor of others”?

      3. What was the only “honest currency,” according to Jackson?

      4. Describe who Nicholas Biddle was.

      5. What law did Jackson veto?

        1. What was his argument for vetoing the bill?

      6. What did the Bank War reflect?

      7. Jackson was the first president to-

        1. How did the Whigs respond?

      8. Effect of Jackson’s reelection in 1832-

    2. The Pet Banks and the Economy

      1. What two groups applauded Jackson’s veto?

      2. In 1836-

      3. Define “pet banks”

      4. What was the effect of pet banks on the Bank of the United States

    3. The Panic of 1837

      1. Specie Circular-

      2. What caused the panic? (include speculation and events in England)

      3. Effects of the economic downturn

    4. Van Buren in Office

      1. Independent Treasury-

        1. Effect on the Democratic Party-

    5. The Election of 1840

      1. Reasons why Whigs nominated William Henry Harrison

      2. Describe the campaign of Harrison

        1. Why was Tyler chosen?

      3. Describe the political turnout during the elections of the 19th century

    6. His Accidency

      1. What prevented the Whigs from having success while in office?

      2. What did Tyler’s lack of success as president demonstrate?

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