Ap us history- give Me Liberty
Give Me Liberty-
What were the social bases for the flourishing democracy of the early mid-nineteenth century?
The Triumph of Democracy
Property and Democracy
The Market Revolution and territorial expansion were linked with what other element of American freedom?
Not a single state that entered the Union after the 13-
The increased number
of wage earners argued-
How did this help American politics?
By 1829 who still had property requirements? Why?
The independence necessary in the citizen now rested with _______? What did this reflect?
The Dorr War
Who was the lone exception to democratization? What did they require?
Describe what happened during the 1841 People’s Convention-
Who did it enfranchise? Who became disenfranchised?
Who became governor?
How did President Tyler respond?
What happened to their leader?
What did this demonstrate?
Tocqueville on Democracy
What came to define America’s identity? Why?
What does Tocqueville say you need to understand in order to understand America?
“Habit of the heart,”-
How did democracy represent a political transformation?
What did democracy reinforce?
What helped to define the people of the US?
What became the emblem of American citizenship?
The Information Revolution
Define the Information Revolution-
Define “penny press” and explain what allowed it to develop:
Who were some of the famous women writers:
Limits of Democracy
How could the word “universal” be reconciled with barring blacks and women from political participation? (Explain the shift between economic dependency to natural incapacity)
A Racial Democracy
Explain what Tocqueville noted about “equality” in America
Race and Class
What became the boundary for voting rather than class?
What efforts were made in this period to strengthen the economic integration of the nation, and what major crises hindered these efforts?
Nationalism and Its Discontents
The American System
What did the War of 1812 inspire?
What was a result of the National Bank losing its charter in 1811?
What did young Republicans like Clay and
Calhoun think the nation need
Define the American System:
Who was President?
Who coined the name:
How is it different than the American System of Manufacturing-
What are the three pillars of the plan?
What are “internal improvements”?
How did Congress help?
Tariff of 1816-
Banks and Money
What was the role of the Second Bank?
What had been the role of local banks?
Who issues paper money today?
How was the value of currency determined in the 19
What is “specie”-
How was the Bank of the United States supposed to help with the value of money?
The Panic of 1819
After the War of 1812, how and why did the Bank of the United States participate in a speculative fever?
What happened when the economic bubble burst?
The Politics of the Panic
How long did it last? How did disrupt the political harmony of the Era of Good Feelings?
on public opinion of banks-
McCulloch v. Maryland-
The Missouri Controversy
Why are Monroe’s two terms in office not necessarily “the Era of Good Feelings”?
How did this impact the Republican unity?
Three parts of the Missouri Compromise and who proposed it?
Impact of twenty-eight years of Virginia presidents-
What fatal issue was raised by the Missouri controversy?
What were the major areas of conflict between nationalism and sectionalism?
Nation, Section, and Party
The United States and the Latin American Wars of Independence
What happened between 1810 and 1820?
How did Monroe respond?
What parallels existed between Spanish-American revolutions and the American Revolution?
How were they different?
How were Latin American constitutions more democratic than America’s?
What made it difficult for Latin American Countries to achieve the same development as the United States?
Who was John Quincy Adams and what was he devoted to?
What are the three principles of the Monroe Doctrine?
What is Monroe Doctrine sometimes called?
What di Adams hope?
The Election of 1824
What did the Monroe Doctrine reflect?
What ruled domestic politics?
What did Jackson’s popularity rest on?
Who were other candidates during the election and where did their support come from?
Describe what happened during the election.
Define/Explain “corrupt bargain”
The election of 1824-
The Nationalism of John Quincy Adams
What did he support at home and abroad?
“Liberty is Power”
What did Adams’s plans include?
What did he predict?
Who did he alarm and why?
Martin Van Buren and the Democratic Party
What were the criticisms of Adams?
What did the clash between Adams and Van Buren represent?
What did Van Buren say was good about political parties?
The Election 1828
Describe the campaigning in the 1828 election.
What did Jackson’s election demonstrate?
In what ways did Andrew Jackson embody the contradictions of democratic nationalism?
The Age of Jackson
Who did he claim to be a champion of?
What did he think about the market revolution?
Describe his opinion of the federal government?
How did campaigns/elections change?
What did party machines provide in cities?
What did Jackson think about government posts?
Define “spoils system”- (what became the main qualification)
Define “kitchen cabinet”-
Democrats and Whigs
What did Jacksonian politics revolve around?
The central elements of the political debate of the time-
Explain/describe how the market revolution determine the views/makeup of the Democrats and Whigs
and Private Freedom
What did democrats accomplish during Jackson’s presidency? (at least 4 things)
How did this impact states?
Politics and Morality
Why didn’t Democrats support this?
How did Whigs view society?
Explain what Whigs thought about the role of the federal government
South Carolina and Nullification
Tariff of 1828-
Exposition and Protest-
Explain Calhoun’s argument about the national government
Peggy Eaton and her impact on Calhoun/Jackson’s relationship
about the federal government-
Jackson and Calhoun’s speeches at a dinner party-
The Nullification Crisis
What was ironic about Jackson?
Explain how did cotton impact the relationship between America and the Indians
Indian Removal Act of 1830-
How did this repudiate Jefferson’s ideas
The Supreme Court and the Indians
John v. M’Intosh-
Cherokee Nation v.
Worcester v. Georgia-
Trail of Tears-
A Son of the Forest-
What did the removal of the Native Americans reinforce about American freedom?
How did the Bank War influence the economy and party competition?
The Bank War and After
The central political struggle in the Age of Jackson-
What did the bank symbolize?
What reinforced the idea that “bankers contributed nothing and profited from the labor of others”?
What was the only “honest
,” according to Jackson?
Describe who Nicholas Biddle was.
What law did Jackson veto?
What was his argument for vetoing the bill?
What did the Bank War reflect?
Jackson was the first president to-
How did the Whigs respond?
Effect of Jackson’s reelection in 1832-
The Pet Banks and the Economy
What two groups applauded Jackson’s veto?
Define “pet banks”
What was the effect of pet banks on the Bank of the United States
The Panic of 1837
What caused the panic? (include speculation and events in England)
Effects of the economic downturn
Van Buren in Office
on the Democratic Party-
The Election of 1840
Reasons why Whigs nominated William Henry Harrison
Describe the campaign of Harrison
Why was Tyler chosen?
Describe the political turnout during the elections of the 19
What prevented the Whigs from having success while in office?
What did Tyler’s lack of success as president demonstrate?
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relationship between america
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