|AP US History – Chapter 20 – The Progressives (I)
Reading: Have read for January 21 from American History: A Survey, “The Progressives” (I) pp. 566-588. This is the day your vocab will be due at the beginning of class.
Plagiarism: Submitting the words, ideas, images, or data of another person’s as one’s own in any academic writing or other project. Do not plagiarize. If someone asks you to see your journal, just say, “No, that would be cheating.”
Vocabulary – Explain (when necessary) these in your “Analyze This Journal” in your own words. Explain means more than a single sentence. Place the person, term, event, etc. in the context of history. Please number your questions.
Read the list of “Significant Events” (p. 567)
1. Progressives believed that the government should have (a greater/a lesser) laissez-faire attitude.
2. Why did muckrakers play an important role in politics during this era?
3. Primary Source - The painter of the illustration on p. 569 would have most likely (have been/not have been) a progressive.
4. The Social Gospel movement maintained that religious groups (had a/had no) role to play in the social and economic lives of Americans.
5. Thought Crusher - The settlement house movement was a (government/privately) funded effort to help the poor.
6. Describe the role of Jane Addams and other women in the settlement house movement.
7. What was the good news for women in this era?
8. What was the bad news for women in this era?
9. Why was the club movement so important for women?
10. What was the best argument in favor women’s suffrage? Explain
11. What was the worst argument against women’s suffrage? Explain.
12. The city manager form of city government was an attempt to (expand/limit) the power of big city bosses and city machine like Tammany Hall.
13. An important idea in democracy is the right of the people to decide matters. Explain how each of the following expanded the power of the people’s role in governing.
A. referendum B. direct primary C. recall D. initiative
Question 14-16 refer to the excerpt below.
"To be sure, much of progressivism was exclusionary. Yet we can now recognize not a singular political persuasion, but rather a truly plural set of progressivisms, with workers, African Americans, women, and even Native Americans—along with a diverse and contentious set of middling folk—taking up the language and ideas of what was once conceived of as an almost entirely white, male, middle-class movement. As for the dreams of democracy from the period: despite the frequent blindness of those who embodied them, they remain bold, diverse, and daring. It is for this reason that democratic political theorists... have looked so longingly at the active citizenship of the Progressive Era, seeking ways to rekindle the democratic impulses of a century ago."
—Robert D. Johnston, historian, "The Possibilities of Politics," 2011
14. Which of the following interpretations of progressivism would most likely support this excerpt?
(A) Progressives were mostly conservatives in disguise
(B) Progressives were almost entirely white, middle class, and urban
(C) Progressives were educated modernizers interested in efficiency
(D) Progressives were a diverse group who supported various reforms
15. Which of the following would most directly support the argument that Progressives were "exclusionary"?
(A) Rural agrarian reformers played little role in the movement
(B) Women's movements were sidelined by male-dominated governments
(C) Progressives did little to end the segregation of African Americans
(D) Most Progressive wanted to keep immigrants and laborers from voting
16. Which of the following Progressive reforms most directly promoted "active citizenship"?
(A) City manager laws
(B) Breaking up trusts
(C) The direct election of senators
17. What is one accomplishment that made W. E. B. DuBois and impressive figure during this time?
18. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) decided the best way to change race laws in this country was by (carrying out acts of civil disobedience/ carrying out acts of terror and violence/challenging laws in court/voting).
19. Compare and contrast the ideas of Booker T. Washington with those of W. E. B. Du Bois.
Questions 20-22 are based on the excerpt below.
"We believe also in protest against the curtailment of civil rights. . . . We especially complain against the denial of equal opportunities to us in economic life. ... We note with alarm the evident retrogression in this land of sound public opinion on the subject of manhood rights, republican government, and human brotherhood....
"Any discrimination based simply on race or color is barbarous, we care not how hallowed it be by custom, expediency or prejudice. ... but discriminations based simply and solely on physical peculiarities, place of birth, [or] color [of| skin are relics of the unreasoning human savagery of which the world is and ought to be thoroughly ashamed.
"Of the above grievances we do not hesitate to complain, and to complain loudly and insistently. To ignore, overlook, or apologize for these wrongs is to prove ourselves unworthy of freedom. Persistent, manly agitation is the way to liberty, and toward this goal the Niagara Movement has started and asks the cooperation of all men of all races."
—Principles of the Niagara Movement, July 1905
20. Briefly explain how the point of view of this excerpt differed from the approach advocated by Booker T. Washington.
21. Briefly explain ONE form of discrimination against African Americans from the period that would support this excerpt.
22. Briefly explain ONE way the Niagara Movement reflected the ideas of W. E. B. Du Bois.
23. (Prohibition/Temperance) was the more extreme form of anti-alcohol consumption.
Questions 24-25 refer to the excerpt below.
"We believe that God created both man and woman in His own image, and, therefore, we believe in one standard of purity for both men and women, and in equal rights of all to hold opinions and to express the same with equal freedom.
"We believe in a living wage; in an eight-hour day; in courts of conciliation and arbitration; in justice as opposed to greed of gain; in 'peace on earth and goodwill to men.'
"We therefore formulate and, for ourselves, adopt the following pledge, asking our sisters and brothers of a common danger and a common hope to make common cause with us in working its reason able and helpful precepts into the practice of everyday life:
"I hereby solemnly promise, God helping me, to abstain from all distilled, fermented, and malt liquors, including wine, beer, and cider, and to employ all proper means to discourage the use of and traffic in the same."
—National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Annual Leaflet, 1902
24. The above excerpt most directly reflects that the temperance movement
(A) started out as an unpopular women's fringe group
(B) appealed to a varied constituency of reformers
(C) drew strong support from immigrant groups
(D) gained support by opposing the "liquor trust"
25. The Prohibition movement was similar to other Progressive reforms because it
(A) began on the local and state levels before becoming national
(B) started out under the leadership of the Christian clergy
(C) primarily was concerned about poor immigrant workers
(D) aimed to reduce immorality destroying family life
26. Why did some people support eugenics?
27. Why did other oppose eugenics policies?
28. Primary Source – Compare the immigration chart on p. 741 with the one on p. 629. What is the biggest change that you see?
29. Why did some people dislike the International Workers of the World (IWW)?
Missing Seminar – If you miss seminar you may still receive participation points by writing two pages on the following prompt in your Vocab Journal and turning it in the next time you are in class.
Prompt - Compare the debates that took place over the American expansionism in the 1840s with those that took place in the 1890s, analyzing the similarities and differences in the debates of the two eras.
Chapter 21 – The Progressives (II)
Reading: Have read for January 25 from American History: A Survey, “AP US History – Chapter 20 – “The Progressives (Part II)” read pp. 588-597). This is the day your Vocabulary Journal work will be due at the beginning of class.
Plagiarism: Submitting the words, ideas, images, or data of another person’s as one’s own in any academic writing or other project. Do not plagiarize. If someone asks you to see your journal, just say “No, that would be cheating.”
Vocabulary – Explain (when necessary) these in your “Vocabulary Journal” in your own words. Explain means more than a single sentence. Place the person, term, event, etc. in the context of history. Please number your questions.
1. Theodore Roosevelt wanted government to exercise (less of a/more of a) laissez-faire attitude regarding the economy.
2. The Northern Securities Supreme Court case (1904) maintained that government anti-trust legislation was (constitutional/unconstitutional).
3. Theodore Roosevelt was (sympathetic/unsympathetic) to the coal miner’ demands in 1902.
4. The Pure Food and Drug act increased (federal/state) regulation of those products.
5. The Meat Inspection Act was the result of meat companies doing a (poor/satisfactory) job keeping tainted meat from being sold.
Questions 6-8 refer to the excerpt below.
"Worst of any, however, were the fertilizer men, and those who served in the cooking rooms. These people could not be shown to the visitor— for the odor of a fertilizer man would scare any ordinary visitor at a hundred yards, and as
for other men, who worked in tank rooms full of steam, their peculiar trouble was that they fell into the vats; and when they were fished out, there was never enough of them left to be worth exhibiting — sometimes they would be over-looked for days, till all but the bones of them has gone out to the world as Durham's Pure Leaf Lard!"
—Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, 1906
6 The above excerpt is most closely associated with which sector of the Progressive movement?
(C) Wisconsin Idea
(D) Square Deal
7. The Jungle directly contributed to the passage of the
(A) National Labor Act
(B) Meat Inspection Act
(C) Eight-Hour Day
(D) Federal Trade Commission
8. Upton Sinclair's Jungle was primarily concerned about working conditions. Which of the following most directly helped organized labor?
(A) Mann-Elkins Act
(B) The White House Conference
(C) Clayton Anti-Trust Act
(D) National Urban League
9. Briefly explain the point of view expressed by the artist about TWO of the following:
• bad trusts
• good trusts
• role of Theodore Roosevelt
10. Roosevelt was an environmental (conservationist/preservationist).
11. Thought Crusher – Why were timber companies opposed to the creation of the national parks and forests?
12. Explain how the National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act – 1902) helped individual farmers in the west.
13. Opinion Poll – Would you vote for Theodore Roosevelt? Explain.
14. The Progressive (Bull Moose) Party weakened the (Democratic/Republican) Party by splitting their vote between two candidates.
15. Woodrow Wilson believed that trusts should be regulated (less/more) than Roosevelt believed was necessary.
16. Wilson supported (lower/higher) import tariffs.
17. The 16th amendment meant that Americans would be taxed on (what they earned/what they consumed.
18. The Federal Reserve Act (1913) required banks to keep more money on hand at their institution? why?
19. The Federal Trade Commission was created to help (prevent trusts from organizing/break-up trust after they formed.
20. The Keating-Owen Act (1916) attempted to regulate child labor at the (federal/state) level.
21. Briefly explain how TWO of the following reforms from the Wilson administration fulfilled long standing goals of reformers.
• Underwood Tariff • Federal Reserve Act • Clayton Antitrust Act • Federal Trade Commission
22. Briefly explain how ONE of the above either reflected or violated Wilson's campaign policy of New Freedom.
Total Recall Review
1. 17th amendment
2. Northern Securities Case
3. United Mine Workers
4. Interstate Commerce Act
5. Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act
6. Pure Food & Drug Act
7. Meat Inspection Act
8. Sierra Club
9. Gifford Pinchot
10. National Reclamation Act/ Newlands Act
11. Federal Reserve System
12. Underwood-Simmons Tariff
13. Roosevelt Corollary