Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619–1700 Focus Question In the 17th century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what degree were those aspirations fulfilled during the 17th century? Learning Objectives
Describe the Puritans and their beliefs, and explain why they left England for the New World.
Explain how the Puritans’ theology shaped the government and society of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Explain how Massachusetts Bay’s conflict with religious dissenters, as well as new economic opportunities, led to the expansion of New England into Rhode Island, Connecticut, and elsewhere.
Describe the conflict between colonists and Indians in New England and the effects of King Philip’s War.
Summarize early New England attempts at intercolonial unity and the consequences of England’s Glorious Revolution in America.
Describe the founding of New York and Pennsylvania, and explain why these two settlements as well as the other middle colonies became so ethnically, religiously, and politically diverse.
Describe the central features of the middle colonies, and explain how they differed from New England and the southern colonies.
Questions The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
What were the major tenets of Calvinism?
The Pilgrims End Their Pilgrimage at Plymouth
What religious turmoil in the Old World resulted in the little colony of Plymouth in the New World?
What events led to the undoing of the Dominion of New England?
What were the contributions to American independence and government from the New England Confederation, the Dominion of New England, and the Glorious Revolution?
Was an American Revolution, separating the colonies from England, inevitable after the Glorious Revolution had encouraged colonists to end the Dominion of New England, England’s serious attempt at enforcing royal authority?
Did England’s “salutary neglect” contribute to future problems in its empire?
How might have England been able to successfully enforce its rule on the colonies without causing rebellion?