|AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION/ENGLISH III HONORS
E. Smith, North Buncombe High School 2013-2014
NBHS website>Staff>E. Smith>
AP Language>Pre-course Assignment 2013-14
Emily Smith, North Buncombe High School English department
ALL ASSIGNMENTS DUE BY FIRST DAY OF CLASS!! These assignments represent approximately a third of your first term grade. (5 pts off per day late. Not accepted after 5th day).
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NBHS open all summer, Monday – Thursday from 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
PURCHASE: AP Language and Composition exam guide (any guide will do) to use for literary terms and test practice
I. NOVELS TO READ:
A Lesson Before Dying by Ernest Gaines (NBHS library or purchase)
Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolpho Anaya (NBHS media center or purchase)
Be prepared to be tested on the first day with short answer and essays. To “ace” the test on the books (and to understand what you are reading), it is helpful to explore the How and Why of each of these questions for each book, giving specific quotes or descriptions to support your answers. To receive extra credit for doing these questions, turn them in just before the test. Refer to the AP Language exam guide for definitions of literary terms.
How does the setting influence the actions and personalities of the main characters?
How does the setting help to create the mood?
2. Plot What is the primary plot? (describe in two-three sentences)
Does the author make use of flashback, foreshadowing, or some other indirect method to tell the story?
How probable is the ending? How unusual is the ending?
3. Character How do the main characters develop and change as the story progresses?
To what extent do the personalities of the main characters determine their success or failure? (character flaws) How do the characters help you understand people you know a little better? (universal experience) Did you get angry at or were you charmed by any of the characters? Why?
4. Conflict What is the primary conflict of the protagonist? Name the type of conflict.
How are other various conflicts connected? Name them.
5. Point of View What is the point of view of the novel?
Does the author make point of view shifts? How/why is it effective?
6. Theme What is a dominant theme? Is it stated or implied?
How did the setting, conflicts, and characters help to present the theme? How has this book influenced your thinking? What new ideas have you developed as a result of reading?
7. Tone/DictionWhat is the tone of the author? Give some examples.
Has the author alluded to historical events, literary works, or other aspects of life?
8. Symbolism/Metaphor/Images Symbols often foreshadow an event or spark a flashback. Name some and how they function. What conflict does each symbol relate to?
II. RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT:
Articles will be linked on the website
NBHS website>Staff>E. Smith> AP Language>Pre-course Assignment 2013-14
In AP Language and Composition, you will choose five articles from the list below and do a rhetorical analysis assignment for each one. In doing this assignment, you will begin to analyze writing/prose. You will study a writer’s style, you will begin to develop your own voice, and you will learn to adapt this voice to your audience and purpose.
This assignment serves as a pre-thinking vehicle for this class:
• critical reading on contemporary issues.
• “close reading” for rhetorical analysis.
• practice 1) interpreting themes
2) analyzing elements of style
3) determining impact on audience.
CHOOSE FIVE ARTICLES FROM THE FOLLOWING LIST.
Do a rhetorical analysis assignment for each one you choose
Barone, Michael. “College Bubble Bursts after Decades of Extravagance.” Washington Examiner
May 07, 2013. http://www.aei.org/article/education/higher-education/college-bubble-bursts-after- decades-of-extravagance/
Draper, Robert. “The League of Dangerous Mapmakers.” The Atlantic. October 2012. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/10/the-league-of/309084/
Frank, T.A. “How to Make Garment Factories Safer.” New Republic. May 2, 2013. http://www.newrepublic.com/article/113103/bangladesh-disaster-how-make-factories-safer
Gillespie, Nick. “From the Choom Gang to Drug Warrior, Barack Obama Keeps Bogarting Joints.” The Daily Beast. May 4, 2013. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/05/04/from-the- choom-gang-to-drug-warrior-barack-obama-keeps-bogarting-joints.html
McCarthy, Andrew. “The Art of Death: The Moderate Muslim Majority is a Myth.” The National Review. May 4, 2013. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/347358/art-death/page/0/1
Parker, Kathleen. “Plan B Objection Prudent, not Prudish.” Washington Post
May 7, 2013. http://www.postcrescent.com/article/20130508/APC06/305080162/
Rascoe, Ayesha. “New Federal Fracking Rules Attempt to Placate Opposing Camps.” May 16, 2013.
Thompson, Derek. The Global Youth Jobless Crisis: A Tragic Mess That Is Not Getting Any Better.” The Atlantic. May 9, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/05/the-global- youth-jobless-crisis-a-tragic-mess-that-is-not-getting-any-better/275696/
FORMAT FOR THE RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT
12 pt Times New Roman
Cover sheet: your name, title, date
Use a separate page for each article you analyze
Use numbers and headings
Explain your answers by using examples from the article
Follow the format for each rhetorical analysis you do. USE THE SUBHEADINGS! Complete one rhetorical analysis for each article using the directions below. Follow the directions: your analysis of each article should be approximately one page.
Author of Essay, “Title of Essay”
1. TOPIC: The author’s topic should be easy to identify and you should express it in one sentence. For example, the topic for an editorial about the debate over troop withdrawals from Afghanistan could be stated, “The US should (or should not) withdraw troops from Afghanistan by the end of next summer.”
STANCE: The author’s opinion about the topic should be restated as a complete sentence. For example, “Since the stated goal of the US involvement in Afghanistan is to set up an Afghani-controlled government, if the US extends its deadline, it will show that our plan to transfer power is not working.” Explain your stance choice using the text.
2. PURPOSE: You should argue the intended reaction you believe that the author wants from his readers in one-two sentences. For example, does the writer want readers to: unite around a cause? reconsider misconceptions about a topic? recognize universal truths about humanity?
3. SPEAKER’S TONE: Name the author’s tone (attitude) toward what he or she describes in one-two sentences. Explain why you chose that tone and list some words the author uses that make this tone clear. For example, if in the editorial about troop withdrawal timelines, the author used a lot of harsh, insulting words or sarcastic sentences, the tone could be described as bitter.
4. AUDIENCE: In one-two sentences, state to what type of person the essay is aimed. Explain your reasoning, thinking about what type of person would read the essay, what type of person the author is trying to convince, persuade or otherwise influence.
5. DEFINING RHETORICAL ELEMENTS:
For each article, find at least three of the following rhetorical elements.
1. cite the example from the article
2. identify which type of rhetorical element it represents
3. Explain why the author may have chosen to it (tie to theme)
Dialogue Run-on sentences or fragments
Repetition: words or phrases.