|AP EUROPEAN HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT:
Greetings! Welcome to AP European History. To get a jump start on next year, and to give us more time to get deep into history, I’ve decided to give you a summer assignment to get you in the mindset of European history. Think of it like hors d’ouevres before the main course. Upon your return to school, you must have done the following:
1. Read the Book: A World Lit Only By Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance, Portrait of an Age
by William Manchester
2. Complete the Assignment: Based on A World Lit Only By Fire
(See attached) ****DUE the FIRST DAY OF CLASS****
3. Map of Modern Europe
(See attached European Geography List)
Be able to locate and identify all of the listed Countries, Seas/Oceans, Mountain Ranges, Rivers, Islands, Other Bodies of Water, Other Land Forms, and cities in Europe. Test on ALL the first week of school
4. The Prince: by Niccolo Machiavelli You can find it on-line: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1232/1232-h/1232-h.htm
(See attached The Prince assignment)
My email is: email@example.com
If you have any questions you may email me over the summer, as I will be checking my email periodically. Since I will be busy with camps and travel plans please do not expect an immediate response. I will get back to you as soon as I can.
**Return this bottom portion to Mr. Lanner as soon as possible.
I, (print name)__________________________________________, will have the summer
assignments completed by the first day of school. If I fail to do so, I accept the
punishment given to me (40 lashes, the guillotine, losing a grade for every day it’s late,
etc.); however, because this is a college-level class I will definitely have everything done
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT
A World Lit Only By Fire, written in 1992 by American historian William Manchester, is an informal history of the European Middle Ages, structured into three sections: The Medieval Mind, The Shattering, and One Man Alone. In the book, Manchester scathingly posits, as the title suggests, that the Middle Ages were ten centuries of technological stagnation, short-sightedness, bloodshed, feudalism, and an oppressive Church wedged between the golden ages of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance.
In preparation for your “journey” through A.P. European History, you will be required to read A World Lit Only By Fire-The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance-Portrait of an Age (ISBN 0316545562) by William Manchester.
Following your reading of A World Lit Only By Fire, you are to pick one of the following essay questions in Part A and respond to them typing, double-spaced, a minimum 2 page response per question that analyzes what you have read. Your responses to the questions should NOT be a simple re-stating of Manchester’s book, but rather YOUR THOUGHTFUL analysis of the book.
Pages Topical Content from Manchester
The “Dark Ages”
Beware, dragons lurk here
Towns, hamlets, and noble
Piercing the darkness with the
Bright shaft of learning
Erasmus, Pico, and doctrinal
Tetzel, Luther, and the “Mighty
Fortress”, the Church
“Death to priests!” and Exsurge
Henry VIII, “Defender of the
Voyages of discovery
Crossing the Pacific
The hero stands alone
Part A-Two paged typed analytical essay; choose ONE
#1 Examine and analyze Manchester’s use of evidence to support his claims. He asserts that the book was written using secondary sources; does this reduce the impact of the book and/or change your opinion on it? What primary sources (that are available) should he have used, in your opinion?
#2 Examine and analyze Manchester’s point of view on “medieval man”. What is missing in the lives of medieval people? What is Manchester’s assessment of this? Why does the Renaissance spring from medieval times, according to Manchester? Is this a viable assessment of the times, in your opinion? Why or why not?
#3 Manchester places great deal of emphasis on the importance of Ferdinand Magellan. Does Magellan deserve all the credit Manchester gives him or would there be a better person to put in his place in the context of what A World Lit Only By Fire is trying to explain to us? Or does another historical figure deserve the attention that Magellan receives? Who is he/she and why? Be sure to use specific examples from the book to support your claims and explain in detail.
The Prince: by Niccolo Machiavelli
This is a two-part assignment. The first part will focus on synthesizing the material covered in the reading. The second part will ask for your thoughtful analysis of the work.
Complete the following questions in a complete and detailed format:
1. Describe the political situation that prompted Machiavelli to write The Prince.
2. Identify the basic themes of the book.
3. What is Machiavelli's opinion about humankind? Why does he feel that way?
4. What were the mistakes of Louis XII listed by Machiavelli in Chapter 3? Why does Machiavelli dwell upon their analysis? What rule could one draw from them?
5. Explain why Machiavelli, in Chapter 5, insists so much on destruction.
6. With reference to the subject of the innovations treated in Chapter 6, give an example of success and an example of failure.
7. In Chapters 6 and 7, which vices are considered useful and advisable? Why?
8. Describe Cesare Borgia as he is presented in Chapter 7. Why did Machiavelli dedicate almost the entire chapter to him?
9. What is the course a prince should follow when choosing his advisors? What is the infallible method of recognizing a good minister?
10. Explain Machiavelli's opinions about the common people and the nobles. How does he feel about the way that a prince should be viewed by his subjects?
11. What does Machiavelli say about the military duty of a prince?
12. What is the crux of the dilemma of the prince that Machiavelli presents in Chapter 17?
13. What is the significance of the Myth of Chiron in Chapter 18? What are the qualities symbolized by the fox and the lion?
14. Discuss Machiavelli's ideas about religion.
15. Why can’t a prince who is not wise himself be well advised?
Critique The Prince in three to five pages. Make sure to cite your source(s)! (MLA Format)
Use the following questions as guidelines (by no means are they all encompassing) to prepare your critique.
1. What was your opinion of the book, & why?
2. How effectively and in what way does the theme of the book or argument of the author reflect what you already know?
3. How well has the author achieved his aims? Are these aims supported or justified?
4. Does the author seem fair and accurate? Is there any distortion, exaggeration, or diminishing of material? Is the overall interpretation biased, subjective, slanted, objective, etc? Does the author try to look at both sided of the issue?
5. Is the book interesting or boring, and why? Does the material presented raise your curiosity about the subject/time period, & why?
6. Is there enough information in the book? Is the subject treated thoroughly or summarily?
7. Did you feel satisfied, disappointed, or puzzled by the book, & why?
8. How well is the book written?
9. Is there anything distinctive or noteworthy about the book?
Each of the following countries, cities, and land/water masses is worth one point for a
total of 48 points.
Countries (Label the countries on the map.)
1. Austria 11. Ireland
2. Belgium 12. Italy
3. Bosnia and Herzegovina 13. Netherlands
4. Croatia 14. Poland
5. Czech Republic 15. Portugal
6. Denmark 16. Russia
7. France 17. Serbia and Montenegro
8. Germany 18. Spain
9. Greece 19. Switzerland
10. Hungary 20. United Kingdom
Cities (Mark these on the map with a dot and write the city's name next to the dot. Next
to the name of each city below indicate in which present-day country it is situated.)
1. Amsterdam_______________ 11. Manchester_______________
2. Athens_______________ 12. Moscow_______________
3. Berlin_______________ 13. Munich_______________
4. Brussels_______________ 14. Paris_______________
5. Budapest_______________ 15. Prague_______________
6. Florence_______________ 16. Rome_______________
7. Frankfurt_______________ 17. St. Petersburg_______________
8. Geneva_______________ 18. Sarajevo_______________
9. London_______________ 19. Venice_______________
10. Madrid_______________ 20. Vienna_______________
Mountain ranges, rivers, seas, and islands (For mountains use this symbol (^), for
rivers use a blue line, and with the islands write the name of the island next to it.)
Mountain Ranges: 1. The Alps 2. The Pyrenees
Rivers: 1. The Danube 2. The Elbe 3. The Rhine
Islands: 1. Corsica 2. Sardinia 3. Sicily