Ap european History Exam: Chapters 30 and 31 Cold War, Social Transformations, and New Challenges directions: Create an answer sheet on a sheet of paper (Neatly number 1 to 80) or print out answer sheet
Soviet police state methods silenced opposition to the regimes
the influence of the Roman Catholic Church was removed
Despite his record as one of history’s most brutal dictators, responsible for the death of tens of millions of his own countrymen and for the establishment of communist totalitarianism in Russia, Stalin achieved which of the following?
The industrialization and modernization of a backward agrarian nation
Postwar reconstruction of the U.S.S.R.’s massive devastation within a decade
The expansion of Soviet hegemony
Victory in the “Great Patriotic War”
All of the above
Place the following events in the correct chronological order:
Cuban Missile Crisis
Communist victory in the Chinese civil war
IV, I, II, III
III, II, I, IV
II, III, IV, I
I, IV, II, III
After the death of Stalin in 1953, the new party leadership, headed by Nikita Khruschev, did all of the following EXCEPT
leave intact the basic structure of Stalinist totalitarianism
grant the satellites of Eastern Europe greater autonomy/freedom
accuse Stalin of failing to respond effectively against the initial advances of the Nazi invaders
accuse Stalin of creating a “cult of personality”
Despite the spectacular Soviet reconstruction successes of the postwar Five-Year Plans developed by centralized economic planning (Gosplan), production of which of the following lagged far behind the rest of the economy by the 1960s?
Alexander Dubcek’s establishment of “socialism with a human face” in Czechoslovakia
was militarily and economically supported by the United States as part of the Truman Doctrine.
received the same treatment as the Hungarian Revolution by the Soviet Union.
proved to be a sham in that little change was really made.
sparked a similar movement in Poland.
led to the building of the Berlin Wall.
All of the following nations are part of the Soviet Bloc except
Prague Spring ends
when missiles are removed from Czechoslovakia.
the United States sends Marshall Plan aid.
when a massive Soviet and Warsaw Pact force invades.
when the UN Security Council speaks out.
because Czechs protest in massive numbers, wanting to move towards a more Stalinist communism.
The Truman Doctrine and Brezhnev Doctrine both
claimed that the Superpowers have the right to intervene in the domestic affairs of smaller countries.
promised that the Superpowers would act only in cooperation with their allies.
promised that the Superpowers would support the civil rights of all Europeans.
focused on the rights of the Superpowers in occupied Germany and Austria.
were enunciated initially in relationship to civil war in Turkey and Greece.
European unity in the 1950s and 1960s
was successfully first politically, then economically.
developed without the participation of Britain.
was enthusiastically endorsed by Charles de Gaulle
began with Belgium and Holland over objections of Germany.
involved creating an independent nuclear force under European control.
Conservative party figures ousted Khruschev from the Soviet leadership because of all of the following EXCEPT
Stalin’s former henchmen feared that Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization campaign would ultimately reach them
Khrushchev’s 1958 failure to force the NATO allies out of West Berlin
Khrushchev’s humiliation in the Cuban missile crisis of 1962
The European Economic Community or “Common Market” was created in 1957 by the same six nations that had pooled resources under the Schumann and Monnet Plan. It was made up of Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, and
Britain, France, Italy
Britain, France, West Germany
Spain, Italy, West Germany
France, Italy, Spain
France, Italy, West Germany
The ultimate goal of Robert Schuman’s plan for an international organization to coordinate coal and steel productions in Europe was to
rebuild the European economy
create a single competitive market in Europe
reduce the influence of the United States
bind the members of the Common Market so closely that war would be impossible
facilitate an arms buildup to defend western Europe from the Warsaw Pact
What country went through an “economic miracle” during the post-World War II era?
The European Common Market was created by the Treaty of
The Maastricht Treaty of 1991
ended the Cold War
recognized Croatian independence
recognized Slovenian independence
set up a plan for creating a European monetary union with a single currency
Opposition to the Maastricht Treaty was based on all of the following considerations EXCEPT
resentment against the proliferation of EU regulations and large bureaucracy
fear of undermining national sovereignty
the belief that ordinary people would pay for monetary union by reduced social services
the belief that the new currency would be easily manipulated and controlled by the United States
fear of undermining popular control of government through national elections
All of the following contributed to the emergence of the international youth culture in the 1960s EXCEPT
mass communication and youth travel.
postwar baby boom meant that young people made up a large part of the population, thus influencing the society as a whole.
shift to a leaner, healthier lifestyle with nutrition and exercise as a base of society meant young people would be looked to for leadership.
postwar prosperity and greater equality gave young people purchasing power.
prosperity meant good jobs were readily available and young people could be a little unconventional and still get hired.
The youth counterculture of the late 1950s and 1960s was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT