Ap european History: Exam 100 pts Name



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Hebraist Johannes Reuchlin.

E)



Nicholas of Cusa.


27)



The Reformation broke out first in the cities of:

27)


______

A)



England and Germany.

B)



Italy and Spain.

C)



Germany and France.

D)



Switzerland and Germany.

E)



England and Switzerland.


28)



The Act of Succession:

28)


______

A)



gave Parliament the right to choose the next monarch of England.

B)



made the heir to the throne the first born child of a king regardless of gender.

C)



failed to pass Parliament.

D)



made James VI of Scotland Henry VIII's heir.

E)



made Anne Boleyn's children the legitimate heirs to the throne.


29)



The Reformation Parliament met for seven years and determined that:

29)


______

A)



the clergy would be awarded more rights and power.

B)



English citizens could determine their own religion.

C)



religion was a private matter, not subject to state regulation.

D)



the Catholic Church would remain the church of England.

E)



Henry VIII would rule the church in England "as far as Christ allows."


30)



The Peace of Augsburg recognized in law what had already been established in practice:

30)


______

A)



Calvinists were to be tolerated throughout Europe.

B)



The religion of the land was determined by the Holy Roman Emperor.

C)



Religious toleration would be the norm throughout Europe.

D)



The ruler of a land would determine the religion of the land.

E)



Protestants everywhere must restore Catholic beliefs and practices.


31)



The Reformation in Zurich was led by:

31)


______

A)



Martin Luther.

B)



John Calvin.

C)



Blaise Pascal.

D)



Ulrich Zwingli.

E)



Philip III.


32)



Which of the following is NOT true of the immediate aftermath of the Peace of Saint Germain-en-Laye:

32)


______

A)



Catherine de Médicis was sent into exile.

B)



The crown acknowledged the power of the Protestant nobility.

C)



The crown granted the Huguenots the right to fortify their cities.

D)



The Bourbon faction gained power.

E)



The crown granted the Huguenots religious freedoms within their territories.


33)



Who were the three powerful families that sought the French monarchy after the death of King Henry II:

33)


______

A)



the Burgundians, the Ostrogoths, and the Guises.

B)



the Bourbons, the Lombards, and the Franks.

C)



the Bourbons, the Montmorency-Chatillons, and the Guises.

D)



the Bourbons, the Racheals, and the Orleans.

E)



the Burgundians, the Montmorency-Chatillons, and the Franks.


34)



Which of the following novels is Cervantes most well known for:

34)


______

A)



La Galatea.

B)



El Amante Liberal.

C)



La Gitanilla.

D)



El Gato Negro.

E)



Don Quixote.


35)



William Shakespeare was a member and principal writer of a famous company of actors known as:

35)


______

A)



The Actor's Hamlet.

B)



The King's Men.

C)



The Globe Players.

D)



The Essex Players.

E)



The Peddler's Sons.


36)



Protestants were more likely than Catholics to:

36)


______

A)



permit premarital sex.

B)



advocate religious tolerance.

C)



permit divorce.

D)



advocate religious violence.

E)



have large families.


37)



Which of the following is NOT an example of the way the church calendar regulated daily life in the fifteenth century?

37)


______

A)



regulation of the diet of a pious Christian

B)



Most Europeans attended church three times a week.

C)



One third of the year was given over to religious observances or celebrations.

D)



Saint's days played an important role in popular culture.

E)



frequent periods of fasting


38)



Ignatius of Loyola taught good Catholics to:

38)


______

A)



submit without question to higher church authority and spiritual direction.

B)



bring any reform ideas to a council where they would be considered.

C)



encourage religious innovation.

D)



take up arms against suspected Protestants.

E)



only question the doctrines of the church in privacy in order to avoid public scrutiny.


39)



Which of the following statements most accurately describes the general state of the Spanish economy in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries?

39)


______

A)



Industry became the dominant component of the economy.

B)



A growing population spurred new industries and a growing economy.

C)



A growing demand and limited supply caused prices, taxes, and inflation to rise.

D)



Education closed the gap between the elite and the working class.

E)



A growing middle class sparked a healthy growing economy.


40)



During the first half of his reign, Philip II focused on:

40)


______

A)



social issues.

B)



the Netherlands.

C)



events in Germany.

D)



the Mediterranean and the Turkish threat.

E)



the growth of English power.


41)



Which of the following did NOT contribute to the outbreak of war between England and Spain?

41)


______

A)



England assembled a large land army that rivaled that of Spain.

B)



England signed a mutual defense pact with France.

C)



England's famous seamen began to prey on Spanish shipping.

D)



England signed a treaty committing soldiers to the Netherlands.

E)



Pope Pius V "excommunicated" Elizabeth I of England.


42)



The seven provinces that became the United Provinces of the Netherlands emerged as a nation in 1572 after revolting against this nation:

42)


______

A)



England.

B)


France.

C)


Belgium.

D)


Germany.

E)


Spain.


43)



One of the first actions Ferdinand took as king of Bohemia was to:

43)


______

A)



warn the Jesuits to leave or be exiled or sentenced to death.

B)



renounce his Catholicism.

C)



ban the practice of Catholicism in Protestant Bohemia.

D)



revoke the religious freedoms of the Bohemian Protestants.

E)



declare the Lutheran religion as the only legal religion in Bohemia.


44)



By 1600, the population of the Holy Roman Empire:

44)


______

A)



was the wealthiest in Europe on a per capita basis.

B)



was about 30 percent larger than it had been in 1570.

C)



was about equally divided between Catholics and Protestants.

D)



was about 80 percent Protestant.

E)



was about 70 percent Catholic.


45)



It was during this period of fighting that Ferdinand issued the Edict of Restitution and struck panic in the hearts of Protestants:

45)


______

A)



the Swedish-French Period.

B)



the Bohemian Period.

C)



the Danish Period.

D)



the Swedish Period.

E)



the International Period.


46)



Which analogy is most accurate:

46)


______

A)



Bohemia was to industry as Moravia was to agriculture.

B)



France was to Catholic as Prussia was to Calvinist.

C)



Belgium was to Catholic as England was to Calvinist.

D)



Italy was to Counter-Reformation as Germany was to Anglican.

E)



Bavaria was to the Counter-Reformation as the Palatinate was to Protestantism.


47)



Introduced from the New World, this new product allowed a more certain food supply in Europe and enabled more children to survive to adulthood and rear children of their own:

47)


______

A)



corn.

B)


potato.

C)


squash.

D)


wheat.

E)


maize.


48)



Between 1700 and 1800, Europe's population rose from 100-120 million people to:

48)


______

A)



almost 750 million people.

B)



about 520 million people.

C)



about 310 million people.

D)



almost 190 million people.

E)



almost 150 million people.


49)



In pre-industrial Europe, the dominant concern of married women was:

49)


______

A)



childbearing.

B)



domestic duties such as cooking, cleaning, and sewing.

C)



childrearing.

D)



improving the social status of their husbands.

E)



producing enough farm goods to ensure an adequate food supply.


50)



Given what you know about households, which of the following statements is most applicable with regards to the European family structure in the 18th century:

50)


______

A)



Most Northwestern European families were made up of nine or more members.

B)



Eastern European grandparents had the opportunity to form closer relationships with their grandchildren than did Northwestern European grandparents.

C)



Widows in both Northwestern and Eastern European did not seek to remarry due to their religious views.

D)



The land cultivation of Northwestern Europe caused families to arrange marriages within a short set of time.

E)



Eastern European families had more independence and autonomy than did Northwestern families.


51)



The process in which children in their young teens would leave their nuclear family, learn a trade, and eventually marry and form their own independent household was known as:

51)


______

A)



alienation.

B)



neolocalism.

C)



corvées.

D)



hobereaux.

E)



taille.


52)



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