Ap european History: Exam 100 pts Name



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AP European History: Exam 100 pts

Name___________________________________




MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.



1)



The primary reason for early French failure in the Hundred Years' War was:

1)


_______

A)



internal disunity.

B)



that they were a "modern" state fighting a feudal society.

C)



deficient numbers in the military.

D)



poor military strategy.

E)



superior English financial resources.


2)



The use of this medieval weapon proved to give the English the tactical advantage in the war:

2)


_______

A)



cannons.

B)



trebuchet.

C)



catapult.

D)



longbow.

E)



primitive firearms.


3)



The French peasant uprising of 1358 was known as the:

3)


_______

A)



Ciompi.

B)



Jacquerie.

C)



Western rising.

D)



Pilgrimage of Grace.

E)



Taille.


4)



At the outset of the Hundred Years' War:

4)


_______

A)



France was superior militarily.

B)



England was wealthier than France.

C)



France had a larger population than England.

D)



the English navy ruled the seas.

E)



England was in a state of civil war.


5)



Boniface VIII found himself locked in a struggle over the limits of monarchial authority with:

5)


_______

A)



Henry VI.

B)



Henry V.

C)



Philip the Fair.

D)



Edward III.

E)



Richard II.


6)



Joan of Arc was executed on May 30, 1431, charged as a:

6)


_______

A)



fraud.

B)



murderer.

C)



kidnapper.

D)



heretic.

E)



traitor.


7)



The papal bull Unam Sanctam declared that:

7)


_______

A)



temporal authority was "subject" to the spiritual power of the Church.

B)



a new crusade was necessary in order to unify European spiritually.

C)



the Holy Roman Emperor could establish national churches in his realm.

D)



only strong monarchies could fulfill the Christian gospel.

E)



only men could be priests.


8)



England's allies in the Great Schism:

8)


_______

A)



supported the popes who were no longer considered official by the church.

B)



included the Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, Bohemia, and Poland.

C)



disagreed with each other over the issue of the Conciliar Theory of Church Government.

D)



supported the pope at Avignon.

E)



included the Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, Bohemia, and Scotland.


9)



In 1409 the Council of Pisa:

9)


_______

A)



united the Catholic Church.

B)



deposed both the Roman and Avignon popes, and elected a new pope.

C)



was recognized by the entire Catholic Church as the ultimate authority.

D)



nullified the position of pope.

E)



dissolved in the face of deep divisions within its delegates.


10)



The Great Schism was supported by:

10)


______

A)



Philip of France.

B)



Martin V.

C)



Charles V.

D)



Pope Boniface VIII.

E)



Pope Gregory XI.


11)



The phrase "Babylonian Captivity" refers to:

11)


______

A)



the persecution of the Lollards and Hussites by the church.

B)



the state of the church in Bohemia after religious reformers took control of it.

C)



the period when the papacy was based in Avignon.

D)



the period of time when France had no universally recognized monarch.

E)



the precarious position of the church in France during the Hundred Years' War.


12)



Which of the following religious movements was most successful at assailing the late medieval church in England?

12)


______

A)



Waldensians

B)



Hussites

C)



Franciscans

D)



Lollards

E)



Cathars


13)



Endemic warfare between the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor:

13)


______

A)



had all but ended by 1000.

B)



depopulated Italy's cities.

C)



assisted the growth of Italian cities and culture.

D)



had little effect on Italy.

E)



was a boon for the landed nobility.


14)



Social strife and competition for political power became so intense within the cities that most evolved into:

14)


______

A)



oligarchies.

B)



democracies.

C)



feudal states.

D)



despotisms.

E)



mini-monarchies.


15)



This occurred in 1378 as a result of the unbearable conditions for those at the bottom of society and the disruption caused by the Black Death:

15)


______

A)



Ciompi Revolt.

B)



French Revolution.

C)



Jacquerie.

D)



signing of the Treaty of Lodi.

E)



Boxer Uprising.


16)



Which of the following is the correct list (in order) of the four major social groups that existed within Florence:

16)


______

A)



nobles and merchants, new merchant class, clergy, and lower economic classes.

B)



clergy, nobility, merchants, and serfs.

C)



nobles and merchants, clergy, middle-burgher, and lower economic classes.

D)



kings and queens, new merchant class, clergy, and lower economic classes.

E)



nobles and merchants, new merchant class, middle-burgher, and lower economic classes.


17)



Cosimo de' Medici brought stability to this city after his rise to power in 1434.

17)


______

A)



Naples

B)


Venice

C)


Milan

D)


Rome

E)


Florence


18)



How did Valla become a hero to Protestant reformers?

18)


______

A)



his defense of free will against the advocates of predestination

B)



his teaching that depicted humans as the only creatures in the world who possess the freedom to be whatever they choose

C)



his decision to renounce the papacy

D)



his defense of predestination against the advocates of free will

E)



his work, Oration on the Dignity of Man


19)



The Treaty of Lodi did all of the following EXCEPT:

19)


______

A)



include Venice despite the Papal States' anger.

B)



prevent France from gaining a foothold in Italy.

C)



maintain cooperation during the second half of the 15th century.

D)



bring Milan and Naples into the alliance with Florence.

E)



present a unified front of the five states.


20)



Ludovico of Milan's fatal mistake was that he:

20)


______

A)



appealed to the French for help and invited them to reenter Italy and revive their dynastic claim to Naples.

B)



spurned all attempts by the French to forge an alliance with Milan.

C)



disregarded the threat posed by Milan and supported by Florence, and denied French aid or assistance.

D)



claimed Naples for himself, as king, and disregarded French dynastic claims to rule.

E)



sold the city of Milan to the French without proper authority.


21)



Which of the following is NOT true of Machiavelli:

21)


______

A)



He scolded the Italian people for the self-destruction their own internal feuding had caused.

B)



He was a humanist.

C)



He held republican ideals.

D)



He did not believe that the Italian political unity and independence were ends that justified any means.

E)



He wanted to drive out all foreign armies from Italy.


22)



Ferdinand and Isabella were able to do all of the following EXCEPT:

22)


______

A)



subdue their realms.

B)



Christianize the whole of Spain.

C)



venture abroad militarily.

D)



conquer southern France.

E)



secure their borders.


23)



In Luther's Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, he urged the German princes to:

23)


______

A)



embrace the Modern Devotion order.

B)



allow the Roman church to retain its political and economic power in Germany.

C)



embrace the Dominican order.

D)



remain obedient to Church leaders.

E)



force reforms on the Roman Catholic Church.


24)



The medieval church had always taught that salvation was:

24)


______

A)



a joint venture.

B)



solely left to the individual.

C)



impossible and therefore one must constantly repent.

D)



only for priests and nuns.

E)



dictated by God's judgment.


25)



Martin Luther:

25)


______

A)



was the son of a successful miner.

B)



was a diplomat in the court of Charles V.

C)



believed that good work was saving work.

D)



was pledged to the Church at an early age.

E)



had no formal training in theology.


26)



This writer summarized the philosophy of the Brothers of the Common Life in what became the most popular religious book of the period, the Imitation of Christ:

26)


______

A)



Desiderius Erasmus.

B)



Martin Luther.

C)



Thomas à Kempis.

D)


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