Name __________________________________________ Date _________________________________ Period _________
______1. In a secret agreement, signed in August 1939, the nations of ________ agreed to divide
Poland between themselves.
A. Germany and France
B. the Soviet Union and Germany
C. France and Italy
D. Hungary and the Soviet Union
______2. By July 1940, the countries of ________ had become puppet republics within the Soviet
A. Estonia, Poland, and Hungary
B. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
C. Lithuania, Finland, and Poland
D. Finland, Romania, and Hungary
______3. Military deaths in World War II numbered approximately ________ million.
______4. The Battle of the Bulge ________.
A. was Germany’s last major offensive on the western front
B. marked the Allied invasion of Europe
C. was a victory for the Soviet Union
D. was the Allies’ greatest victory of the war
______ 5. Hitler referred to the ________ as Untermenschen.
______ 6. The Holocaust claimed the greatest number of victims from ________.
______ 7. Concerning Jews in Poland, Marshal Pilsudski advocated
______8. By the time the war ended, how many European Jews remained alive in Europe?
A. approximately 6 million
B. between 6 and 10 million
C. about 1 million
D. between 100,000 and 500,000
______ 9. The majority of the Polish population before the war was ________.
B. Roman Catholic
______10. Which of the following countries had the highest number of concentration camps?
______ 11. By 1943, the German economy ________.
A. produced enough goods to supply occupied Europe
B. met the everyday needs of the people while managing to produce war goods
C. faced serious labor shortages
D. thrived with the increase in military production
______ 12. What nation suffered the most during World War II?
A. the Soviet Union
D. Great Britain
______ 13. What country confiscated radios as a way of limiting access to other countries’
A. Great Britain
C. the Soviet Union
______14. What was the Atlantic Charter?
A. a broad set of principles modeled after the Fourteen Points that established the framework for
the United Nations
B. a broad set of principles modeled after the Fourteen Points that specified the type of peace
Great Britain and the United States sought
C. an agreement between Great Britain and the United States that the United States would enter
D. an agreement between Great Britain and the United States that they would ask the Soviet
Union to form a military alliance with them
______ 15. The Declaration on Liberated Europe promised ________.
A. a free Germany to be ruled by the Germans
B. freedom for the Soviet Union to dictate governments in Eastern Europe
C. self-determination and free democratic elections in Eastern Europe
D. a sizable social safety net
______ 16. At the time of the Yalta Conference, Eastern Europe was occupied by ________.
A. Nazi Germany
B. Great Britain
C. the United States
D. the Soviet Union
______17. At Potsdam, the Allies agreed to ________.
A. ban the use of atomic weapons
B. organize elections in Germany once the war ended
C. divide Germany into occupation zones
D. withdraw from Germany by the end of 1946
______ 18. The countries of ________ did not sign peace treaties until 1947.
A. the Soviet Union and Germany
B. the Soviet Union, Romania, and Bulgaria
C. Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria
D. Italy, Finland, Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria
______ 19. The German invasion of ________ was the immediate cause of World War II.
A. the Soviet Union
______20. The Western powers responded to Hitler’s invasion of Austria in 1938 by ________.
A. appealing to the League of Nations
B. demanding Germany immediately withdraw from Austria
C. stationing troops in Czechoslovakia along its border with Austria
D. taking no action
______21. The key reason why the Western powers adopted a policy of appeasement was their
A. fear of Germany’s growing military power
B. regret over harsh terms of peace settlement
C. fear of another general war
D. concern that Germany’s goals were unreasonable
______ 22. The League of Nations’ first vote for economic sanctions, in the case of Ethiopia,
resulted in ________.
A. Britain and France’s refusal to embargo oil
B. Italy’s retreat from Ethiopia
C. Mussolini’s agreement to help Hitler annex Austria
D. Germany’s announcement that it was renouncing the disarmament provisions of the
______ 23. Germany’s plan to expand met its first significant success with the ________.
B. invasion of Ethiopia
C. occupation of Poland
D. remilitarization of the Rhineland
______24. How did the Spanish Civil War affect world politics?
A. It brought Germany and Italy closer together.
B. It ended the policy of appeasement.
C. It brought France and Spain closer together.
D. It resulted in an international ban on the sale of weapons to fascist regimes.
______25. The Battle of Britain resulted in ________.
A. a victory for the Germans
B. a standoff
C. the abandonment of Hitler’s plans to invade England
D. very few British causalities
______ 26. Hitler decided on ________ as the “final solution of the Jewish problem.”
______ 27. How did Heinrich Himmler plan to get rid of the Slavs in the Soviet Union?
A. deport them
B. force them to work in labor camps
C. transport them to concentration camps
D. kill them by extermination squads
______ 28. Compared to Jews in Western Europe, nineteenth-century Jews in Poland experienced ____.
A. similar forms of discrimination and emancipation
B. more discrimination and greater emancipation
C. no discrimination and none of the same forms of Jewish emancipation
D. more discrimination and none of the same forms of Jewish emancipation
______29. Which of the following statements about French resistance during World War II is
A. Only after an Allied victory seemed possible did a large-scale, active resistance movement
emerge in France.
B. The Nazis crushed a movement to resist the German occupation of France in 1940.
C. The Roman Catholic Church encouraged the development of a French resistance movement.
D. In France, General Charles de Gaulle helped form the largest resistance group.
______ 30. The British experience of war differed from that of France and the Soviet Union,
because both of these nations suffered __________.
A. food shortages
B. great loss of life
C. Nazi occupation
D. damage to infrastructure
______ 31. The Soviet Union’s response to Germany’s attack against it led to the ________.
A. collapse of communism
B. destruction of the Soviet military
C. Soviet Union’s establishment as a world power second to the United States
D. eventual collapse of the Soviet Union
______32. What concession did the Western powers make to the Soviet Union in order to gain its
participation in the war against Japan?
A. They ceded Eastern Europe to the Soviet Union.
B. They ceded the Soviets Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands.
C. They agreed to Stalin’s demand for $20 billion in reparations from Germany.
D. They agreed to Stalin’s demand for forced German labor.
______ 33. During Churchill’s 1944 meeting with Stalin in Moscow, it was agreed that the West
would have predominance in _____ and the Soviet Union would have predominance in ____.
A. Greece; Yugoslavia
B. Greece; Romania and Bulgaria
C. Yugoslavia; Romania and Bulgaria
D. Romania and Bulgaria; Hungary
______ 34. The Council of Foreign Ministers was established to ________.
A. administer the occupied zones of Germany
B. draft peace treaties for Germany’s allies
C. set borders for Poland and Germany
D. determine partition of the Balkans
______35. In 1943, the foreign ministers of Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union
reaffirmed the commitment to fight until _________.
A. the enemy stopped fighting
B. defeat was inevitable
C. the enemy surrendered
D. the enemy surrendered unconditionally
______36. What did Poland receive as compensation for losing part of its territory?
A. $5 billion in reparations
B. administration over part of East Prussia and part of Germany
C. administration over one of the partitioned zones of Germany
D. Allied forces stationed in a demilitarization zone between Poland and the Soviet Union
______ 37. What decision allowed the Soviet Union to eventually gain control of Eastern Europe?
A. opening up a second front in France
B. dividing Germany into occupation zones
C. agreeing to the disarmament of Germany
D. using atomic weapons on Japan
______38. Poland was a natural target for Hitler’s aggression because it contained a combination
A. Jews, Slavs, and land
B. mineral resources and good agricultural land
C. Jews and other skilled laborers
D. industrial infrastructure and agricultural land
______39. The disappearance of unemployment in Britain was a natural result of _________.
A. class distinctions
B. total war
C. the defeat of France
D. German victories
______ 40. Which of these meetings differed most from the others, and was most important for the
future of Europe?
1. Consider the strategic bombing of German cities by American and British aircraft. Did this
policy shorten the war in Europe? Was it morally justified? Which was more effective,
American daylight bombing or British nighttime area bombing?
Topic: World War II (1939–1945)
2. Why did Hitler want to make Europe Judenrein? In your opinion, was the Holocaust a unique
event of unprecedented and unparalleled evil or was it one specific instance of a more
general human wickedness that has found expression throughout history? Explain.
Topic: Racism and the Holocaust