Ap european history 2014-2015 free response questions
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2014-2015 - FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS
PLEASE CONSULT THE COURSE CALENDAR FOR DUE DATES
SEMESTER: CHAPTER 1: THE LATE MIDDLE AGES:
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL
Why is it significant for Russian history that Mongol overlords used tribute as the principal means of subjecting the Russian people to their rule?
In your opinion, which event of the 14 th century made the most significant impact on European society? (Black Death, Hundred Years’ War, Great Schism) Defend your answer with historical evidence.
CHAPTER 2: RENAISSANCE AND DISOVERY
How did humanism affect culture and the arts in 14 th- and 15 th -century Italy? How did humanism affect northern Europe during the 15 th century?
How were the powerful monarchies of northern Europe different from their predecessors?
THE AGE OF REFORMATION
What was the social significance of the Reformation and how did it affect family life?
CHAPTER 4: THE AGE OF RELIGIOUS WARS
Why has the Thirty Years’ War been called the outstanding example in European history of meaningless conflict? Was it really such?
CHAPTER 5: EUROPEAN STATE CONSOLIDATION IN THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
Why did England and France develop different systems of government and religious policies
What were the main characteristics that define Polish, Austrian, and Prussian states in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? (Make a chart of key bulleted points)
CHAPTER 6: NEW DIRECTIONS IN THOUGHT AND CULTURE IN THE SIXTEENTH
AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES
What efforts were made to reconcile the new science and religion? (Consider scientific thought in relationship to the Bible, Church authority and the demonstration of one’s faith.)
CHAPTER 7: SOCIETY AND ECONOMY UNDER THE OLD REGIME IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
How did tradition, hierarchy and privilege shape life in the Old Regime?
Why did Europe’s population increase in the eighteenth century? How did population growth affect consumption, patterns of settlement, family lifestyles?
THE TRANSATLANTIC ECONOMY, TRADE WARS, AND COLONIAL REBELLION
How did European contact with the rest of the world evolve in the centuries since the Renaissance? (Discuss the evolution of that contact from 1492 to approximately 1750)
What were the results of the Seven Years’ War? Which countries emerged in a stronger position and why?
THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT
What were the basic tenets of deism? What was the impact of this religious philosophy?
Were the enlightened monarchs true believers in the ideals of the philosophes or was their enlightenment a mere veneer? Justify your answer.
CHAPTER 10: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
What was Edmund Burke’s view of the French Revolution? What was Thomas Paine’s view of revolution? Why in the long run did the political philosophy of Edmund Burke gain more influence than that of Thomas Paine?
CHAPTER 11: THE AGE OF NAPOLEON AND THE TRIUMPH OF ROMANTICISM
Looking at Napoleon’s career in its entirety, discuss Napoleon’s greatest achievements and his most glaring failures.
Why did Romantic writers champion feelings over reason? Cite at least three examples of Romantic literature or visual art that support this point of view.
SEMESTER: CHAPTER 12: THE CONSERVATIVE ORDER AND THE CHALLENGES OF REFORM
Discuss the emergence of and the importance of the idea of nationalism in the early 19 th century. How did both conservatives and liberals use the idea of nationalism?
CHAPTER 13: ECONOMIC ADVANCE AND SOCIAL UNREST
How did industrialization spread across Europe? How was the process of industrialization different as it spread east?
How and why were England and Russia able to avoid the Revolutions of 1848?
THE AGE OF NATION-STATES
What factors caused the Crimean war? What was the effect of the Crimean War on international relations between European countries?
Discuss the impact of the unification of Italy and Germany on the balance of power and on international relations between European countries.
CHAPTER 15: THE BUILDING OF EUROPEAN SUPREMACY: SOCIETY AND POLITICS TO WORLD WAR I
Discuss the factors that contributed to European migration in the late 19 th century.
What was the status of European women in the second half of the 19 th century? Why did they grow discontented with their lot? What factors led to change
CHAPTER 16: THE BIRTH
OF MODERN EUROPEAN THOUGHT
Why was science dominant in the second half of the 19 th century? What was the impact of that dominance?
CHAPTER 17: THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM
How did European imperial interests shift geographically in the 19th century?
CHAPTER 18: ALLIANCES, WAR,
AND A TROUBLED PEACE
What was Britain’s “splendid isolation”? Why did they abandon this policy at the turn of the century? In your opinion, was the abandonment of this policy a wise decision by Great Britain? Why?
What were the benefits of the Versailles Treaty to Europe, and what were its drawbacks? Realistically, how might the treaty have been improved?
CHAPTER 19: THE INTERWAR YEARS, CHALLENGES OF DICTATORS AND DEPRESSION
Discuss the relationship between politics and economics in the early decades of the Soviet Union.
WORLD WAR II
How did World War I sow the seeds of World War II?
How did the experiences on the domestic front differ in Britain, Germany, France, and The Soviet Union?
CHAPTER 21: THE COLD WAR ERA AND THE EMERGENCE OF A NEW EUROPE
What were the causes of the Cold War? How did the Cold War impact the stature of Europe on the world stage?
CHAPTER 22: SOCIAL,
CULTURAL, AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES IN THE WEST THROUGH THE PRESENT
How has migration changed the face of Europe since the fall of the Soviet Union?
What effect did the Great Depression and World War II have on the way Europeans viewed the role of government in social and economic life?
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