Antebellum America and the Civil War Essential Questions and Vocabulary



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Antebellum America and the Civil War Essential Questions and Vocabulary


  • History - How were people not directly exposed to slavery made aware of its harsh treatment of the enslaved population?

  • History - To what extent was the coming of the Civil War already a foregone conclusion as early as 1850?

  • Geography - How did the government's approach to the funding of the different regions only serve to worsen relationships between North and South?

  • Economics - What factors led to a continued push West even while sectional differences flared?

  • Economics - What were the fundamental differences in the development of the North and South in the early 19th Century?

  • Culture - How did perspectives on the practice of slavery continue to develop in the decades preceding the Civil War?

  • History - Why was slavery important to the southern states?

  • Geography - How did North Carolina's location influence its decision regarding whether or not to secede?

  • Geography - How did the nation's investment in infrastructure during the first half of the 19th century help the efforts of the Union Army?

  • Civics and Government - What were Lincoln's goals in writing the Emancipation Proclamation? Was he successful in reaching them?

  • Civics and Government - How did the debate over slavery dominate American political decisions for half a century and culminate in the Civil War?

Economics - Why were different regions of the United States reliant upon different economic resources? How did these economic resources dictate political decision-making?

  • Culture - How did economic differences lead to societal conflicts?


Vocabulary Terms, Battles, and Key Individuals

History

Geography

Civics and Government

Culture

Economics

Bleeding Kansas

Sectionalism

Missouri Compromise

Underground Railroad

Cotton Gin

Frederick Douglas

King Cotton

Compromise of 1850 Popular Sovereignty

Uncle Tom’s Cabin




Sojourner Truth

Harper’s Ferry

Fugitive Slave Act

Abolitionist




John Brown

Texas and the Mexican Cession

Kansas Nebraska Act Dred Scott v. Sanford







Abraham Lincoln

Railroads and Canals

Secession







Jefferson Davis John Wilkes Booth




Emancipation Proclamation







Robert E. Lee

Ulysses S. Grant















History - Battles: Fort Sumter, First Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg, Appomattox Courthouse

Overview: The Causes of the Civil War



  • How did the debate over slavery dominate American political decisions for half a century and culminate in the Civil War?

  • How did perspectives on the practice of slavery continue to develop in the decades

preceding the Civil War?


  1. What are some of the horrors of slavery? List 4 or more factors


  1. Slave marital were “Until death or ___________________________ do you part”

  2. What did Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin do?




  1. How did the Cotton Gin change slavery?



  1. How many slaves were in America by 1860? _____________________________________

What fraction were they of the American population? _____________________________


  1. What is an abolitionist?



  1. Who was Frederick Douglas


  1. How did the argument over slavery affect the feelings of Northerners and Southerners towards each other?



  1. Who was John Brown (more will shown later)



  1. What did Abraham Lincoln believe about slavery?


  1. What effect did Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin have on the US and the world?



  1. IN 1854, CONGRESS ALLOWED SETTLERS IN THE KANSAS AND NEBRASKA TERRITORIES TO DECIDE FOR THEMSELVES WHETHER OR NOT TO PERMIT __________________. KANSAS EXPLODED. 5,000 PROSLAVERY MEN INVADED THE TERRITORY. IN THE NEXT 3 MONTHS, 200 MEN DIED IN __________ _____________.




  1. IN 1857, THE SUPREME COURT REFUSED TO FREE A SLAVE, ___________________, EVEN THOUGH HE HAD LIVED FOR MANY YEARSON FREE SOIL. CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY SAID “A BLACK MAN HAD ____ _______________A WHITE MAN WAS BOUND__ ______________________.




  1. What did Abraham Lincoln mean in his “House Divided speech”?


  1. What did John Brown do in 1859 at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia?


  1. How did John Brown’s raid affect Southerners?




  1. In 1860, the Republican Party chose Abraham Lincoln as its Presidential candidate.

How many southern states did not even have him on their ballots? __________

What percentage of the vote did Lincoln get in winning the election? ____________

Which state was the 1st to seceded (leave the US)? __________________________


  1. Southerners would have told you that they were fighting for _________________________




  1. When Abraham Lincoln was elected there were __________ states in the Union and Kansas would make the ____________. When Lincoln was inaugurated, there were only ________ states in the Union.




  1. Who was Jefferson Davis?


  1. "OUR NEW GOVERNMENT IS FOUNDED UPON THE GREAT TRUTH THAT THE NEGRO IS NOT _______________ TO THE _______________ MAN." By VICE PRESIDENT ALEXANDER STEPHENS.



Economic and Technological Change:

  • The Industrial Revolution: Manufacturing interchangeable parts by factories to mass produce goods like textiles/clothes, trains, and muskets. Factories and higher wages draw Americans away from their farms to cities and also attracted immigrants.

  • The Cotton gin separated cotton seeds from its lint and made cotton clothing hugely popular and profitable. Racism frequently made whites feel ashamed to do the same type of work as the enslaved.

  • Railroads, steamboats, and canals linked much of the North and Midwest together, promoting trade and profits. Southern cotton was sent north and to Europe.

  • The telegraph greatly increased the speed of communication and photography made leaders and events visible to viewers hundreds/thousands of miles away

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