Analyze the effect of colonization on the Americas and its aftermath on the relationship between natives and the British colonies. Confine your response to the period from 1607 – 1733. Colonization was initially seen as having a positive impact on the colonies. Many resources were available, and were shared between the Native Americans and the Colonists, such as furs, metals, guns, and cooking utensils. However, the relationship between the two soured quickly, as the new settlers began taking Native American lands and resources. A major consequence of this interaction was disease, which wound up killing roughly 80 percent of the Native American population. Colonization was a slow process, particularly in Jamestown, until the development of tobacco as a viable crop in the region, and the coming of slaves to harvest the crops from South Africa. Colonization was widespread after these slaves came over during the Middle Passage. Spain settled in Florida, and the British and French settled in the Middle and Northern Colonies. However, the French and Indian War changed this dynamic dramatically, as ultimately, after this Seven Year war, the British took control of the majority of the colonies, ultimately leading up to the American Revolution.
Evaluate the impact that the Mayflower Compact had on the development of the colonial government system in the American Colonies.
The Mayflower Compact had a tremendous impact on the development of the colonial government system in the United States. Serving as the first formal attempt at government, the compact established the idea that the colonists no longer wanted to be ruled by a king or queen. This agreement was entered into by the people that settled along Plymouth. It established the idea of a government “Of the people, by the People, and for the People,” a crucial element that helped establish the current form of government that we have today under the Constitution.
Compare and contrast the ways that Native Americans both benefitted and suffered from the presence of early American colonists.
Settlement of the colonists had both positive and negative effects on the Native American Colonists. One of the negative effects was disease, which wiped out a large majority of the Native American population. Native Americans died due to lack of exposure to diseases brought by the Europeans, such as smallpox. Early colonists also wound up competing with Indians over land and resources. For example, early settlers misused Native American land and killed off much of the Native Americans livestock in the later stages of their interactions. Early on, however, the relationship between Native Americans and Colonists was a good one. Settlers provided Native Americans with horses, guns, and metal to help them to better utilize the current land they lived on, while also allowing Native Americans to claim more territory for themselves. Native Americans also helped settlers when it came to helping them to learn the land, for example. However, these benefits were short lived, and the Native Americans were ultimately forced off of their land, and were abused by the settlers.