|Answer Key for Reading Quizzes
Narration and Description Quiz Answers
Maya Angelou, “My Name Is Margaret”
2. ten years old
3. as slaves for the Cullinan family
4. She was too delicate boned, or the doctor had taken out all her lady organs.
5. drinking alcohol from unmarked bottles
6. Mr. Cullinan’s illegitimate daughters
7. Mrs. Cullinan
10. the fish-shaped casserole and the green glass coffee cups that had belonged to Mrs. Cullinan’s mother
Doris Kearns Goodwin, “Keeping the Scorebook”
1. Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt during World War II
2. six years old
3. She listened to them broadcast over the radio.
6. Dodger announcer
7. played baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers
8. bank examiner
9. the newspaper
10. One: Dodgers, Giants, Yankees
Judith Ortiz Cofer, “The Myth of the Latin Woman”
1. Puerto Rico
2. West Side Story
3. to study at Oxford University
4. They thought they were “too mature.”
5. Career Day
6. as “Hot Tamales” or sexual firebrands
8. the Spanish/Catholic system of morality
9. erotically charged street poems composed on the spot
10. a cup of coffee because she thought the narrator was a waitress
Andre Dubus, “Digging”
1. He lost his leg as the result of an automobile accident.
2. sixteen years old
3. Marine captain
4. He would not fight back or inform on them, and he would pretend he was not hurt.
5. They were fake.
6. black men
7. digging the foundation for a liquor-store building
8. He vomited, then slept under a tree.
9. a sandwich and a pith helmet
10. His father did it.
George Orwell, “Shooting an Elephant”
1. serve with Indian imperial police in Burma
2. subdivisional police officer in Moulmein, Burma
3. He was against it; called it an “evil thing.”
4. an elephant rifle
6. eating grass
7. two thousand
8. ear hole
10. one half hour
Alice Adams, “Truth or Consequences”
1. forty years old
2. a famous former movie star
3. American Middle-South
4. distant cousin
5. She says she would choose to kiss Car Jones.
6. Car Jones
7. He was tested and promoted to high school at his own request.
8. a play
9. a fraternity
10. a surgeon
Process Analysis Quiz Answers
Lars Eighner, “My Daily Dives in the Dumpster”
1. on the streets, homeless
2. about a year before he became homeless
3. Most people instinctively look away from scavengers.
4. eating from Dumpsters
5. the Dumpster behind a pizza parlor
6. Students throw out many good things, particularly at the end of the semester.
7. unfamiliar ethnic foods
8. people who must have cash—drug addicts and winos
9. individual garbage cans
10. people who want things they don’t need
Nikki Giovanni, “Campus Racism 101”
1. It tells black students how to succeed at predominantly white colleges.
2. on a bumper sticker
5. Go to class.
6. She thinks students should participate to let their presence be known.
7. “I don’t know.”
8. because black students must take white-studies courses, although they aren’t called that
9. both whites and blacks
Natalie Angier, “Dolphin Courtship: Brutal, Cunning, and Complex”
2. bite, slap, and slam into them
3. bottle-nosed dolphins
5. making decisions, reaching consensus
6. the mother
7. one every four or five years
8. deep under water
9. “Get over here!”
Julia Alvarez, “Grounds for Fiction”
1. Dominican Republic
2. suicide and dressing in blue frock coats and yellow waistcoats
5. She was afraid to cut the fabric.
6. They wanted to see their newborn niece.
7. No one could understand his native Indian dialect.
8. “I like hanging around words listening to what they say.”
10. to make sure nothing in them is libelous
Serena Nanda, “Arranging a Marriage in India”
2. “love match”
4. She says that it does not sound like fun at all because American girls spend too much time worrying about whether they will meet a man and get married.
5. She wants to help arrange a marriage.
6. One: military career, joined father’s business, college graduate, modern, well traveled, handsome
7. Too many daughters makes a big wedding unlikely, and/or their oldest married daughter wants to visit her parents’ home too much, meaning that her mother may be prohibiting her from adjusting to her new home.
8. She is “too educated”; she behaves independently.
10. “dowry death”
Elizabeth Winthrop, “The Golden Darters”
2. twelve years old
3. He is recovering from upper back surgery.
4. living room
5. She does not “bounce” as her brothers do.
6. in the grass on the front lawn
7. a small fish as it moves underwater
8. fly tying
9. pierce her ears
10. golden darter flies as earrings
Comparison and Contrast Quiz Answers
Mark Twain, “Two Views of the River”
2. riverboat pilot
5. a solitary log
6. education, experience as a riverboat pilot
7. romance and beauty
8. a sense of danger
9. The doctor no longer sees beauty.
10. yes and no
Scott Russell Sanders, “Mountain Music”
1. “One Man’s Fiction”
2. Forty-nine-years old
3. One: elk or squirrels
5. to discover the source of strife between himself and his son
7. six or seven million years old
8. He was too young to be covered by the rental company’s insurance.
9. Three: television, movies, video games, Jesse’s music, advertising, billboards, lotteries, developers, logging companies, big corporations, snowmobiles, jet skis, malls, fashions, cars, fast food, the Internet
10. He will look harder for sources of hope in the world.
Anne Roiphe, “A Tale of Two Divorces”
1. Van Heusen Shirts
2. Two: horses, dogs, cats, cars, water, balls that were hit over nets, tunnels, bridges
3. for money
4. “Don’t give him an argument.”
5. She went to a psychiatrist.
6. twenty-seven years old
7. She had married a man more or less like her father.
9. She was damaged by it.
Deborah Tannen, “Rapport-Talk and Report-Talk”
1. the breakdown of communication between the sexes
2. to build rapport, establishing connections and negotiating relationships
3. Both women and men talked about equally.
4. He was tired.
5. Divorce American Style
6. their wives
7. reading a newspaper
8. Ninety percent of the callers were men.
10. They rely on personal experience.
Laura Bohannan, “Shakespeare in the Bush”
1. East Africa
2. an English poet
3. Most of the ceremonies demanded the presence of elders from several homesteads who could not visit while the swamps were wet.
4. drinking beer
5. One: tax receipts, bride price receipts, court fee receipts, letters
6. an omen sent by a witch
7. to hoe and to prepare beer and food for visitors without the chief’s having to collect taxes
8. witchcraft and seeing the beings that lurk in the forest
9. the “real” meaning of the story of Hamlet
10. “People are the same everywhere.”
Witi Ihimaera, “His First Ball”
1. diplomatic officer in New Zealand’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2. a court summons
3. It is a mistake. She accuses Tuta of picking it up on the street and putting his name on it.
4. He packs batteries in a factory.
5. The wife of the Governor-General
6. Drag queens: Desirée Dawn, Alexis Dynamite, Chantelle Derrier
7. a Jaguar festooned for a wedding
8. “Tutae,” a rude word
9. as if he is the entertainment
10. that he doesn’t want to join the upper classes and that he can best represent his people by acting like himself
Division and Classification Quiz Answers
Calvin Trillin, “The Extendable Fork”
1. He staged a one-man show off Broadway.
2. He was.
3. all four
4. “The Finisher”
5. not hungry or on a diet
6. Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley
7. that she doesn’t like it when he eats food on her plate
8. chicken or lobster
9. “Alan’s X-Tenda Fork”
10. a tape recorder that says “If you’re not planning to finish these . . .”
James H. Austin, “Four Kinds of Chance”
1. how “chance and creativity interact in biomedical research”
2. It urges one not to give up, to keep going because something will turn up.
3. the person who has a prepared mind
4. Alexander Fleming
6. Horace Walpole
7. Benjamin Disraeli
8. his daughter, Maria
9. a hunting dog
10. The cavemen were highly creative artists with sentient minds and well-developed aesthetic sensibilities.
Mary Mebane, “Shades of Black”
1. herself, autobiography
2. a light-skinned English instructor who was the wife of the department chairperson
3. children of doctors, lawyers, and college teachers
4. those with light skin tones
5. when they stopped showing interest in black black women
6. “You are dark, but not too dark.”
7. She was dark skinned but could outsing, outdance, outdeclaim everyone else.
8. She was light skinned.
9. college-educated males born before 1945
10. choose one: sex, religion, or career
Philip Lopate, “Modern Friendships”
1. creative writing
2. One: Aristotle, Cicero, Seneca, Montaigne, Bacon, Johnson, Hazlitt, Emerson, or Lamb
3. within their families
4. the idea of having one “Best Friend”
5. One: based on utility, based on pleasure, or “perfect friendship” (based on admiration of another’s good character)
6. good conversation
7. He brings a book along to read until she arrives.
8. confessional talk about despair and suicide
9. at most, six hours
10. because as a bachelor he might like to partake in the family nurturing, and they can “kill two birds with one stone,” visiting with their family and friend at the same time
Steven Weinberg, “Five and a Half Utopias”
1. the Nobel Prize in Physics
2. reading science fiction
3. the turn of the millennium
4. They promised equality and reduced everyone to equal poverty.
5. It is determined by wealth; the equal distribution of wealth
6. One: classical-music radio stations, the look of lovely old cities (“the whole range of public and private goods . . . [that] add quality to our lives”)
8. One: Iran, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan
9. “no place”
10. the present day United States of America
Flannery O’Connor, “Revelation”
1. She discovered that she had contracted the systematic disease that killed her father and, eventually, herself.
2. doctor’s waiting room
3. their feet
4. those who own their homes and land
5. to marry whites and “improve their color”
6. her Human Development text book
7. “Go back to hell where you came from, you old wart hog.”
8. She doesn’t want to put that image of herself in his mind.
9. They flatter Ruby.
10. that souls are equal
Definition Quiz Answers
Witold Rybczynski, “One Good Turn”
3. a house
5. the screwdriver
6. One: raising water, pressing clothes, making olive oil or wine, printing press work, torturing enemies
7. That is unknown.
8. luxury articles like clocks
9. One: door hinges, drawer pulls, shelf hangers, towel bars
10. The lathe was made possible by the screw.
John Berendt, “The Hoax”
3. a sofa
5. Sidney Poitier’s son
6. He painted a fake Vermeer.
7. Howard Hughes
8. P. T. Barnum
10. the sofa’s slipcovers
Richard Rodriguez, “Growing Up in Los Angeles”
1. speak English
2. United States of America
3. Los Angeles
4. Adults have become the innocents.
6. Beverly Hills matrons on Rodeo Drive
7. One: scrilla; juking; Woop, woop, woop
8. “I Won’t Grow Up”
9. “Dammit, I’m a geezer!”
10. “THE END. YOURS TRULY, HUCK FINN.
Stephen Harrigan, “The Tiger Is God”
1. O. J. Simpson
2. broken neck
3. an average television screen
in captivity at the Houston Zoo
7. Thursdays and Sundays
9. thirty-five to ninety
10. “The tiger is God.”
David Brooks, “Bobos: The New Upper Class”
1. Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There
2. college graduates
3. the information age
4. $1 million a year
5. One: creativity officer, chief knowledge officer, team spirit coordinator, web page designer, patent agent, continuity writer, foundation program officer, talk show booker
6. 10 million
7. a prodigious stream of money that flows by quickly
8. They have been taken over by college-educated professionals.
9. They have become the WASP elite they once denounced.
10. bourgeois bohemians
Alice Walker, “Everyday Use”
1. sexism and racism
2. Johnny Carson
3. Fire burned it to the ground.
4. her mother and the church
5. She will marry John Thomas.
6. She didn’t want to be named after a white person.
7. her aunt Dicie
8. Aunt Dee’s first husband—Uncle Henry or Stash
9. She’d use them.
10. They sit in the yard, dip snuff, just “enjoy.”
Cause and Effect Quiz Answers
Carl Sagan, “Science and Hope”
1. National Administration of Space and Aeronautics (NASA)
4. One: it can improve the economy and living standards in developing nations, it will help us deal more prudently with technology, it could help us understand our own origins and fate, or it is vital to a strong democracy.
5. Two: radio, TV, movies, newspapers, books, computer programs, theme parks, classrooms
6. It can be the “golden road out of poverty and backwardness.”
7. damage to the global environment
8. information about our cosmic context: about where, when, and who we are
10. “a world of suckers”
Andrew C. Revkin, “Some Big Ideas Wash Up One Bulb at a Time”
1. One: murder in the Amazon, the crash of TWA Flight 800, the plight of the working poor in America, the persistent pollution of the Hudson River
2. The New York Times
3. sudden calamities
4. in the south end of the Red Sea
5. lots of people from incessantly passing container and cargo ships
6. He wanted to write about the effects of humans on the environment.
7. a leaking rusted storage tank buried a few hundred yards away
8. about half a pint of mercury
10. greenhouse gases that result in global warning
Robert Coles, “Uniforms”
1. children in crisis
3. makes them uptight
4. That person has a job interview or something traumatic has happened.
5. khakis, jeans, sneakers, work shirts
6. school uniforms
7. require them to wear uniforms
8. respect for individualism or shunning pretentiousness
9. ghetto schools
Daniel Goleman, “Peak Performance: Why Records Fall”
1. Psychology Today
2. “Practice, practice, practice.”
3. It would barely qualify.
4. coaching methods, sophisticated equipment, or the larger pool of competitors
6. approximately fifty thousand
7. replicate the board
9. ten years
10. innate talent or desire
Cathy Young, “Keeping Women Weak”
2. a conference on women’s research and activism in the nineties
3. fear of backlash, or homophobia, or that there is no problem because high school girls are filing sexual harassment lawsuits, or that young women don’t understand the “power dynamic”
4. thirteen years
6. verbal sexual harassment
7. She disagrees with it in principle because it suggests that women can’t act on their own behalf.
8. They lump together sexual blackmail with noncoercive advances.
9. all intercourse
10. as victims
Sandra Cisneros, “One Holy Night”
2. staying in Mexico, waiting to give birth
4. Mayan kings
6. It was stolen by kids.
7. in the garage where the man lived
8. to hide her pregnancy from the neighbors
Persuasion and Argument Quiz Answers
Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream”
1. Baptist minister
2. Lincoln Memorial
3. one-hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation
4. Gettysburg Address
5. life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
6. They will have a rude awakening.
8. jail, persecution, police brutality
9. One: Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama
10. “Free at last!”
Eric Liu, “A Chinaman’s Chance”
1. Bill Clinton
2. his reach
3. his parents
4. those who are yellow on the outside, white on the inside
6. Increasingly, we don’t.
7. the “Melting Pot”
8. Marine Corps
9. They were not successful in America.
10. that“ the deck was stacked”
Barbara Kingsolver, “Stone Soup”
2. the many members of his nontraditional family
3. Dad, Mom, Sis, and Junior
4. One: divorced people, blended families, gay families, single parents, remarried people
5. It implies that the reason for divorce is insignificant—a “stubborn refusal to accept a spouse’s little quirks.”
6. “Did you want the divorce, or didn’t you?”
7. when her friends say they feel sorry for her
8. less than twelve years
9. It is about half what it was then.
10. a concoction made of the contributions of many people
Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, “Women and the Future of Fatherhood”
1. “Dan Quayle Was Right” or “The Failure of Sex Education”
5. marriage and remarriage rates
6. Women split 50/50, but men disagreed by more than two to one.
7. “deadbeat dad”
8. Any marriage is not better than none. Why not have a child on one’s own? “Children are a joy. Many men are not.”
9. more than one-third, but not necessarily half
10. be a good father
Paul Rogat Loeb, “Soul of a Citizen”
2. Michael Jordan
3. 500 people
4. “He who conceals his disease cannot be cured.”
5. He is a commercial fisherman in Washington and Alaska.
6. It would have regulated fishing nets in a way that would have eliminated small family fishing operations.
7. He said, “I’m really proud of you, Dad.”
8. learned helplessness
9. Rosa Parks
10. deliberate, incremental action
Sven Birkerts, “Confessions of a Nonpolitical Man
1. in a bookstore
2. the problems of the Information Age
3. He signs a petition or writes a check.
4. He admires those who act out their beliefs in meaningful ways.
5. One: withdrawal of troops from Vietnam, brought about civil rights legislation in the United States, ended apartheid in South Africa, or shut down flawed nuclear facilities
6. “One cannot do everything; one should not therefore do nothing.”
8. think, read, write
9. working on his stamp collection
10. “The psyche’s economy will not allow it.”
Toni Morrison “The Bird in Our Hand”
1. accepting the Nobel Prize for Literature
3. “Once upon a time. . .”
4. They want to disprove her clairvoyance because it is a source of amusement where they come from.
5. “It is in your hands.”
7. They didn’t bother to learn the other languages, “other views, [and] other narratives” around them.
8. The Gettysburg Address
9. She wishes the old woman had talked to them frankly and politely.
10. She looks into the eyes of each one she serves.
Jonathan Rauch, “In Defense of Prejudice
1. One: CNN or C-SPAN
2. the war on prejudice
3. intellectual pluralism
4. One: it is unbiased; it is not dogmatic or pigheaded; it is not motivated by ambition, animus, or revenge
6. One: gyp, Dutch treat, buxom, codger
7. One: universities, schools, criminal law, or workplaces
8. He was suspended, required to apologize, and ordered to undergo university-approved counseling.
10. Salman Rushdie
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., “Harrison Bergeron”
1. the fire-bombing of Dresden
4. fourteen years old
5. an implant in his brain that makes loud noises to scatter his thoughts and a bag of bird shot padlocked around his neck to slow him down
7. speech impediments
8. 300 pounds
10. They are shot by a shotgun fired by the Handicapper General.
Resources for Writing—The Internet
Wendy Lesser, “The Conversion”
1. founding editor
2. two or three years
3. someone stealing or messing up her documents
4. in newspapers and magazines
5. Hill Street Blues and NYPD Blue
6. One: television, desktop publishing equipment, database software, her fax machine
7. late teens or early twenties
8. the ins and outs of using e-mail
9. Two: a number of Berkeley pals, a long-lost classmate in Tasmania, three Londoners, her husband at work, her stepson at college, her father, her sister, a good friend in St. Louis, her exercise teacher
10. the thing that allows us to be and have intimate friends
William Zinsser, “The Keyboard”
1. the Book-of-the-Month Club
2. piano and typewriter
3. sew on a button, open a hard-boiled egg
5. RET (for “Return”)
7. living without the post office
8. deleting an entire paragraph
10. turn off the power
John Steele Gordon, “The Golden Spike”
1. One: India, East Africa, or Mexico
3. The Great North Road
4. 200 miles
5. three times as much
7. One: Sears Roebuck, Montgomery Ward, or Woolworth
9. the decades after the Civil War
Dave Barry, “Selected Web Sites”
1. effective writing for business
2. The Internet relies strictly on text; the Web is multimedia and includes pictures.
4. None; he says they are all real.
5. that viola players are not the brightest or most talented members of the orchestra or that one needs to know about music to understand it fully
6. Mr. and Mrs. Potato Head
7. They are allegedly in the room, but you can’t actually see them on the web site.
8. the University of Cambridge Computer Lab in England
9. Real humans were frozen in gelatin and sliced into very thin slices.
10. three seconds
Laura Miller, “Women and Children First: Gender and the Settling of the Electronic Frontier”
3. big business and the government
4. “freedom” and “frontier”
5. People on the Internet don’t have bodies, or women and children don’t need to be protected there.
6. that women are inherently weak and incapable of self-defense, that even their minds are weaker than men’s
7. One: they are subjected to excessive, unwanted sexual attention; the prevailing style of on-line discussion turns women off; or they are singled out by male participants for exceptionally dismissive or hostile treatment
8. one man asked her if she was interested in “hot phone talk”
10. saloon girls
M. Kadi, “Welcome to Cyberbia”
1. computer consultant
2. the U. S. government
5. One: download shareware, post technical questions, check stocks, read the news, or read reviews
6. She has none; it hadn’t been invented when this essay was written.
7. America Online, or AOL
8. no more than two paragraphs, or a screenful of text
9. people very much like themselves
Evan I. Schwartz, “Looking for Community on the Internet”
2. interconnected workers operating efficiently without leaving their desks
3. in the Department of Defense in the 1960s
4. labs: 1970s, universities: 1980s, homes: 1990s
5. “a group of people who have in all likelihood never met face to face” but who enjoy discussing areas of common interest and interacting for business or pleasure
7. India and China
8. advertising legal services on line
9. One: skinhead, Trekkie, religious zealot, and Rush Limbaugh-wannabe
10. having none at all
William Gibson, “Burning Chrome”
1. a short story
2. Bobby’s matrix simulator
3. Intrusion Countermeasures Electronics, or security firewalls
4. a kind of a Tarot card to tell him if he was lucky
5. New York
6. It was burned off by a Russian laser in the war.
8. to be a simstim star
9. simulated stimuli, or vicarious adventure recorded by the electronic eyes of its stars and beamed to its fans
10. a center for recreational drug use and prostitution