|Sociology 243, Spring 2002
Theme: media and war
Michael Van Horn
Courtney L. Gremelsbacker
Historical Atlas of the Holocaust. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Macmillian Publishing, New York, 1996
This is a book full of detailed
maps showing all the major locations of major events during the Holocaust. I
think this will be helpful in verifying how close some concentration camps were
to major towns, and where the train tracks were located that carried six million
innocent Jews to their death. This book also has large maps showing where many
of the Jews fled to escape persecution and many detailed maps of the populations
of the Jews in any certain country.
Jones, David H., Moral Responsibility in the Holocaust: A Study in the Ethics of Character, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc. New York, 1999:
This is a book that looks at the moral and ethical issues that surround the
Holocaust. It assesses the blameworthiness of the bystanders that were able to
let such a tragic event occur. The author is taking the side of the Jews and at
times it seems they are pointing the finger at different groups throughout
history. Instead of talking about events with emotionless terms, the author
uses case studies and talks about their emotions as it was taking place.
Feingold, Henry L., Bearing Witness: How America and It's Jews Responded to the Holocaust, Syracuse University Press, New York, 1995:
This is going to
be one of my major contributors to my paper topic. It has many different
articles about how much the United States government already knew about what
really was going on in Europe during the Holocaust. It way the book was written
makes me believe that the author is pointing the finger of blame at both
Roosevelt as the U.S. president at the government as a whole. It does make some
good points about the problems and concerns that the United States was facing at
the time, but I think in general, this book will be helpful in supporting my
paper's argument that we as a country could have done more.
Berenbaum, Michael. Witness to the Holocaust. Harper Collins Publishers, New York, 1997
This book contains many official government
documents that were circulating during the time of the Holocaust. It shows the
personal and moral struggles that many U.S. government officials went through in
trying to lend a helping hand to the Jews in Europe. It has many personal
letters that were not seen by the public containing some obvious material that
shows how many people in the government did not want any more emigrants,
especially Jewish emigrants in our country and their reasons why.
Abzug, Robert H., America Views the Holocaust 1933-1945, A Brief Documentary History. Bedford St. Martin's, New York, 1999
This book contains
personal articles and letters to the editor about what they felt should be done
to help out the Jews of Europe during the Holocaust. Most of the articles are
being sympathetic towards the cause and offer some really good ideas about what
both the U.S government as well as the population could do to help. I think
that this will show some public opinion in America during the Holocaust.
Berenbaum, Michael, Peck, Abraham J., The Holocaust and History, The Known, The Unknown, The Disputed and the Reexamined. Indiana University Press, Indianapolis, 1998
This book lays out an overview of what was going on in the
world before and during the time of the Holocaust. It defends the side of the
U.S. not taking any major actions to stop the Nazi war machine, and claims that
ideas to bomb the train tracks, and the gas chambers of Auschwitz were
preposterous. These are ideas that I personally disagree with but it is good to
get both sides of the argument.
part 8, vol.1, Meckler, London, 1989
This is a large encyclopedia type book
full of facts about the amount of information that people had involving the
concentration camps. This book puts forth ideas from both sides of the argument
on why the United States did nothing, but also why they should have. It has
chapters on the United States government, the Jews in both Europe and in
America, and even a section on the different church denominations and what
position they took and why. This will be a major reference for my paper, and
will help me present all sides of the argument.
Berenbaum, Michael, Neufeld, Michael J., The Bombing of Auschwitz, Should the Allies Have Attempted It? St. Martin's Press, New York, 2000
is a book that goes into great depth on the controversial issue of bombing the
largest concentration camp in Europe. It supplies the reader with reason why
they should have, but also why they didn't. It supports the United States
decision not to, and gives many reasons why. This will be a helpful book
because I want to talk about all of the options that the United States had in
ending such a tragic event as the Holocaust.
Hilberg, Raul, Perpetrators Victims Bystanders. Harper Collins Publishers, New York, 1992
This book focuses on the emigration laws in the
United States at the time of the Holocaust. It shows how hard it was to escape
Europe and how limited the options were for the many Jews at that time. It
takes the side of the United States by presenting the problems the country was
having with the Great Depression and the high unemployment rate. It supports
the U.S. citizen's dislike for any kind of emigrant and shows why they could be
a threat to a citizen in search for employment. This will be helpful in my
paper because I want to focus on the emigration laws and how the U.S. government
purposefully made it more and more difficult to enter the United States during a
time when people were desperate to escape.
Strom, Margot Stern, Persons, William S., Facing History and Ourselves, Holocaust and Human Behavior. Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, Inc. Brookline, Mass, 1994
This book is made up of many different articles
about who know the Holocaust was going on the whole time. There is a tone
running through the whole chapter that makes it seem crazy that there could have
been people at the time that didn't know what was going on. They explained that
people just didn't want to pry into the matters, and didn't question the
thousands and thousands of people leaving their town in cattle cars never to be
seen from again.
Rosenfeld, Alvin H., Thinking about the Holocaust, After Half a Century. Indiana University Press, Indianapolis, 1997
This book focuses on the American
Jews at the time of the Holocaust. The author puts fourth an idea that their
ambivalent nature as bystanders can not be put into a special category for this
situation occurs all around the world to this day. Deals with the human morals
and how it's important to stand up for what you think is right without worrying
about the consequences. I think this will be important in my paper, and will
explain a lot about the sociology of these events.
Novick, Peter, The Holocaust in American Life. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1999
This book talks about how the American public kept
denying that the Holocaust was really going on during the war. They had a hard
time realizing that these gristly stories could actually be a reality. The
authors presents how obvious the information was and questions how anyone could
think this information was a rumor.
Ryan, Michael D., Human Responses to the Holocaust Perpetrators and Victims, Bystanders and Resisters. The Edwin Mellen Press, New York, 1981
book focuses on the American Jew's lack of action during the Holocaust. The
author criticizes them for not doing more to help out their European brothers.
He does talk about the small things that they did do to help out but it's more
looking down at what they didn't do.
Ross, Robert W., So It Was True, The American Protestant Press and the Nazi Persecution of the Jews. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1980
This book is all about the publications in the Protestant Press and how early on
they were releasing information about the Holocaust. It focuses on how America
had a high amount of Anti-Semitism as it was and chose not to act on these
reports. Discus certain events like the S.S. St. Louis and how it was turned
away from both Cuba and the United States and ended up returning to Europe with
it's full ship of Jewish people trying to leave. Takes the side of the Jews and
sympathizes with their hardships during the Holocaust.
Laqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret, Suppression of the Truth About Hitler's "Final Solution." Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1980
presents some reasons why the Americans might think that the information they
heard about the Jews might have been rumors inspired by their fears. Has a hint
of sarcasm because the author presents so much information on how obvious all
the facts were from the beginning.
Gutman, Yisrael, Suroff, Efraim. Rescue Attempts During the Holocaust. KTAU Publishing House, New York, 1974
This book discuses the different rescue
attempts made by different countries during the Holocaust. Talks about the
pressure that Roosevelt was getting to let more emigrants into the United States
at this time and how we as a country were more concerned about maintaining the
quality of our own life. The author takes the side of the Jews in how difficult
it was to go anywhere, not just America but other countries as well were making
it harder and harder to enter as the war went on.
Fein, Helen. Accounting for Genocide, National Responses and Jewish Victimization During the Holocaust. Collier MacMillan Publishers, London, 1979
This book talks about the high amount of Anti-Semitism and how most Americans
thought of Jews as a major threat to their national security and well being as a
country. The author points a finger at our country for increasing the strict
rules of emigration at a time when people needed to escape certain death.
Fauez, Jean-Claude. The Red Cross and the Holocaust. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999
This book takes Americas side in our
decision to hold off helping the Jews explaining that we were not in the war
yet, and were trying to do everything that we could to stay out of it. The
author explains that even though we knew what was happening to the Jews in the
concentration camps we were pretty much helpless to help them out. I disagree
with the author's opinion but like I said earlier on, it is good to get sources
from both sides of the argument.
America and the Holocaust Deceit and Indifference. The American Experience, Vol. 44
This is a movie about my paper topic. It is all about the
many factors that were shaping our decision whether to help out or not. It
makes it seem obvious how we were more concerned about ourselves then we were in
helping to save six million innocent people. Shows lots of evidence of the many
papers that our president got and refused to sign to help let more Jewish
children into our country. And then after he turned down that bill, he signed
the same bill only for children from war torn England. Makes it look like all
Americans at that time were extremely Anti-Semitic.