Angrezon ke Pille The pro-British imperialism ‘Hindu’ Taliban: rss, its parivaar and associates



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3.4Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar (1906-1973) [Guruji]


I’ve compiled Golwalkar’s key writings here on 29 October 2014. Please read the original works.

“Golwalkar’s thinking was much influenced by Veer Savarkar (also a Brahmin)” [Khushwant Singh]

“According to Golwalkar, who succeeded Hedgewar as executive director of the RSS in 1940, all Muslims were by definition traitors to India and not even deserving of citizenship rights (Golwalkar, 1939:52).” [Sucheta Mazumdar, Women on the March: Right-Wing Mobilization in Contemporary India, Feminist Review, No. 49, Feminist Politics: Colonial/Postcolonial Worlds (Spring, 1995), pp. 1-28]

3.4.1We, or our Nationhood Defined1


THE RSS LIES ABOUT THIS BOOK

Note also that “The book We or Our Nationhood Defined, which was openly circulated by the RSS during British rule and had gone into four editions, was now suddenly presented as if its authorship was disputed. The RSS machinery started spreading different theories about the authorship according to their own requirements. Interestingly, even though this book glorified the German dictator Adolf Hitler at a time when the British were engaged in a life and death struggle against him during World War II, the British authorities did not ban it.

The ‘Operation Authorship Cover-up’ still continues. Former Prime Minister Chandrashekhar while participating in the confidence motion debate in Lok Sabha on 28.3.93 raised the issue of this book once again. He was perturbed by the fact that the BJP Government was following the diktat of the RSS whose ideological guru had authored the above book, which contained fascist ideas and preached hatred for the minorities which was extremely detrimental for the democratic polity of the country. Home Minister L.K. Advani intervened to say that the author of the book, Guruji had distanced himself from the book and declared to have no relation with the book. This is Mask One. Subsequently the mouthpiece of the RSS, Organiser, carried a story titled ‘The Fascist Identified’ by David Frawley. The story gave another interpretation to the issue of authorship. It said, “Those who call the RSS Fascist emphasize one book to prove it. We or Our Nationhood Defined, by B.S. Savarkar, the elder brother of the great Indian revolutionary Veer Savarkar. The book in places expresses some sympathy with Germany of the times, the nineteen thirties, which appeared to be making great strides as a nation. Guruji Golwalkar, who later became the leader of the RSS in 1940 translated the book in 1938. Leftists like to pretend the book was written by Golwalkar and expresses long term Sangh policy, though it was only part of the general literature of the times that he was examining”.20 This explanation is all the more intriguing since the title of the original book has the following words about the author: M.S. Golwalkar, M.Sc., LL.B. (Sometime Professor Banaras Hindu University). Would this mean that Golwalkar was simply a translator and dishonestly got his name printed as author? However, this is Mask Two. This is for the consumption of the liberals and the democrats. Such explanations may help the RSS to show a humane face the world over, where Hitler is still regarded as the anti-thesis of all that is good in civilization and held responsible for the annihilation of Jews and millions of toiling people in Germany and elsewhere. It is also worth mentioning that B.S. Savarkar, the elder brother of V.D. Savarkar, was a very close associate of Dr. Hedgewar. B.S. Savarkar had formed an organisation called Tarun Hindu Sabha which he merged with the RSS in 1931. Therefore whoever is the real author of We or Our Nationhood Defined, the views contained in it represent the ideology of the RSS leadership.

For the die-hard believer in the cause of Hindu Rashtra and cadre of the RSS, they have another mask, Mask Three: This appears in an affidavit which two important officials of the RSS, Bhausaheb Deoras (brother of the former chief of the RSS) and Rajender Singh (the present chief) submitted before the Charity Commissioner, Nagpur. The affidavit read: “With a view to give scientific base to propagate the idea - India being historically from time immemorial a Hindu Nation - late Shri M.S. Golwalkar had written a book entitled We or Our Nationhood Defined, which was published in 1938”.

[The Freedom Movement & The RSS: A Story of Betrayal, by Shamsul Islam]


These are a few extracts from Golwalkar’s We cited in Bipin Chandra, India’s Struggle for Independence, New Delhi: Penguin, 1989, p.437-38.  Double quotes by Bipin Chandra. Single quotes by Golwalkar.

* “If the minority demands were accepted, ‘Hindu National life runs the risk of being shattered.’”

* “RSS attacked Muslims and the Congress leaders. Golwalkar attacked the nationalists for ‘hugging to our bosom our most inveterate enemies (Muslims) and thus endangering our very existence.’”

* “Condemning the nationalists for spreading the view by which Hindus ‘began to class ourselves with our old invaders and foes under the outlandish name – Indian,’ he wrote: ‘We have allowed ourselves to be duped into believing our foes to be our friends… That is the real danger of the day, our self-forgetfulness, our believing our old and bitter enemies to be our friends.’”

* “To Muslims and other religious minorities, Golwalkar gave the following advice: ‘The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no ideas but those of glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e. they must not only give up their attitude of intolerance and ungratefulness towards this land and its age long traditions but must also cultivate the positive attitude of love and devotion instead – in one word, they must cease to be foreigners, or may stay stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment – not even citizen’s rights.’”

* “Going further, he wrote, ‘We, Hindus are at war at once with the Muslims on the one hand and British on the other.’“

* “He said that Italy and Germany were two countries where ‘the ancient Race spirit’ had ‘re-risen’. ‘Even so with us: our Race spirit has once again roused itself,’ thus giving Hindus the right of excommunicating Muslims.”

FURTHER QUOTE

“It is worth bearing well in mind how these old Nations solve their minorities problem. They do not undertake to recognize any separate element in their polity. Emigrants have to get themselves naturally assimilated in the principal mass of the population, the National Race, by adopting its culture and language and sharing in its aspirations, by losing all consciousness of their separate existence, forgetting their foreign origin. If they do not do so, they live merely as outsiders, bound by all the codes and conventions of the Nation, at the sufferance of the Nation and deserving no special protection, far less any privilege or rights. There are only two courses open to the foreign elements, either to merge themselves in the national race and adopt its culture, or to live at its mercy so long as the national race may allow them to do so and to quit the country at the sweet will of the national race. That is the only sound view on the minorities problem. That is the only logical and correct solution. That alone keeps the national life healthy and undisturbed. That alone keeps the nation safe from the danger of a cancer developing into its body politic of the creation of a state within a state.

“From this stand point, sanctioned by the experience of shrewd old nations, the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation: let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races who have chosen to live in our country”.19 [CITED IN The Freedom Movement & The RSS: A Story of Betrayal, by Shamsul Islam].


Khushwant Singh’s review

FAITH OF THE BIGOT Khushwant Singh, The Telegraph, Calcutta, 24-02-2007

This year the RSS celebrates the birth centenary of Golwalkar, known to his followers as Guruji. He was the second-in-line after Hedgewar, who founded the organization in 1925 and was undoubtedly the principal formulator of its creed. Golwalkar remained its head and chief spokesman for 33 years, till he died in June 1973 at the age of 67. Amongst others paying homage to him will be leaders of the VHP, Bajrang Dal and the BJP. Not many of the tribute-payers will bother to read what Guruji had to say about India’s past and future, but will, nevertheless, vie with each other in praising him. No one can deny that the BJP and other right-wing Hindu parties acquired the status they enjoy today because of Guru Golwalkar. We owe it to ourselves to know more about him.

Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar was born in 1906 at Ramtek near Nagpur in a Brahmin family. Brahminism forms an important aspect of his views, the leadership of the RSS and other fundamentalist Hindu parties. All have been Brahminically top-heavy. He was educated at the Benaras Hindu University, where he came under the influence of its founder, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (Brahmin), who was nominally a member of the Congress, but effectively a right-wing Hindu. For a while, Golwalkar toyed with the idea of becoming a sanyasi scholar but was persuaded to take active part in societal problems. He joined the RSS in 1940 and was later nominated by Hedgewar as his successor and second sarsangchalak.



Golwalkar’s thinking was much influenced by Veer Savarkar (also a Brahmin). Both supported the caste system, asserting the superiority of the Brahmins over other castes and the need to keep their lineage free of contamination by inter-marriages with other castes. Both regarded Islam and Christianity non-Indian because they originated outside India, and believed that unless Muslims and Christians recognized India as their fatherland and holy land, they were to be treated as second class citizens. Both believed in the superiority of the Aryan race and approved of Adolf Hitler’s extermination of millions of Jews in gas chambers. Nevertheless, they supported Zionism and the Jewish state of Israel for no other reason but that it was forever waging wars against its Arab neighbours who were Muslims. Islamophobia became an integral part of Hindutva. L.K. Advani calls it a “noble concept”. He named the Port Blair airport after Savarkar. They have a life-size portrait of him in parliament. Najma Heptullah paid floral tribute to him; Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi and Shah Nawaz Hussain are active members of the BJP. We are never short of opportunists.

Returning to Golwalkar, I had read his Bunch of Thoughts earlier and put it out of my mind. I didn’t know of his We or Our Nationhood Defined. It was published in 1939 and carried by the RSS journal, Organiser. It has been re-published with the full text and a critique by Shamsul Islam by Pharos Press. It substantiates all of what I have said. Golwalkar’s concept of a nation is as follows: “...thus applying the modern understanding of ‘Nation’ to our present conditions, the conclusion is unquestionably forced upon us that in this country, Hindusthan, the Hindu Race with its Hindu Religion, Hindu Culture and Hindu Language (the natural family of Sanskrit and her offsprings) complete the Nation concept...

Sanskrit was never the spoken language of the people who used regional languages, some of them like Tamil and Malayalam claim to be older than it. Sanskrit remained largely a monopoly of the Brahmins. There are other assertions of the Indian Aryan’s glorious past which are more fanciful than historically factual. To me they appear complete fabrications. You make your own judgment.



3.4.1.1Gowalkar recommended the Nazi final solution for the Muslims


Golwalkar was an open admirer of Nazi Germany, and argued for the exclusion of Muslims on the grounds that ‘Germany has also shown how well-nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindustan to learn and profit by’ (Golwalkar, 1939:35).” [Sucheta Mazumdar, Women on the March: Right-Wing Mobilization in Contemporary India, Feminist Review, No. 49, Feminist Politics: Colonial/Postcolonial Worlds (Spring, 1995), pp. 1-28]

IN FULL


“German Race pride has now become the topic of the day. To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her purging the country of the Semitic Races - the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well-nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindustan to learn and profit by” [Cited in The Freedom Movement & The RSS: A Story of Betrayal, by Shamsul Islam].

3.4.2A Bunch of Thoughts


FROM ‘A BUNCH OF THOUGHTS’ (1947: 1966 edition) BY GOLWALKAR

* He accused “Congress leaders … of asking Hindus ‘to submit meekly to the vandalism and atrocities of the Muslims’ and of telling the Hindu ‘that he was imbecile, that he had no spirit, no stamina to stand on his own legs and fight for the independence of his motherland and that all this had to be injected into him in the form of Muslim blood’.”

* “[H]e said in 1947, pointing his finger at Gandhiji: ‘Those who declared “No Swaraj without Hindu-Muslim unity” have thus perpetrated the greatest treason on our society. They have committed the most heinous sin of killing the life-spirit of a great and ancient people.’“

* “He accused Gandhiji of having declared: ‘There is no Swaraj without Hindu-Muslim unity and the simplest way in which this unity can be achieved is for all the Hindus to becomeMuslims.’“ [Note: This was clearly a most blatant and gratuitous lie.]



M.S.Golwalkar (1966). Bunch of thoughts.  Bangalore: Jagarana Prakashana, page.33 : “Our one supreme goal is to bring to life the all-round glory and greatness of our Hindu rashtra.”  

3.4.2.1Vicious depiction of Muslims as “rioters, rapists, perpetrators of orgies”


“Have those who remained here changed at least after that? Has their old hostility and murderous mood, which resulted in widespread riots, looting, arson, raping and all sorts of orgies on an unprecedented scale in 1946-47, come to a halt at least now? It would be suicidal to delude ourselves into believing that they have turned patriots overnight after the creation of Pakistan. On the contrary, the Muslim menace has increased a hundred fold by the creation of Pakistan which has become a springboard for all their future aggressive designs on our country.” [Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts]

“The RSS maintains that Muslim men engage in “riots, rapes, looting, raping and all sorts of orgies” as they seek to undermine the Hindu nation (BT 1980, 234-35).” [Paola Bacchetta, ‘When the (Hindu) Nation Exiles Its Queers’, Social Text, No. 61, Out Front: Lesbians, Gays, and the Struggle for Workplace Rights (Winter, 1999), pp. 141-166]. BT = M. S. Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts (Bangalore, India: Vikrama Prakashan, 1966; Bangalore, India: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana, 1980 and 1996).


3.4.2.2Only power and strength matters, not the means


Strength is Virtue, Weakness is Sin

The world worships only the strong. Before the last war, when England was powerful, our people tried to imitate and eulogise the English. But when, during the war, it appeared for a time that Germany would win, they began to adore Hilter and even Nazism. [Sanjeev: he fails to point out how he was the main worshipper of Nazis in India] We know of persons now most vociferous in their condemnation of Hitler and Nazism but who were turning their radios in secret to listen to German news in those days with a sense of admiration. How elated they were to hear of the fall of France within hardly two weeks of German invasion! Now the very same persons worship either America or Russia because these happen to be the countries, which shattered the military might of Germany and stand today as great world powers. The fascination communism holds for many people today is mainly due to the show of brute strength by the votaries of Communism-Russia and China. That is the way of the world. Nobody cares a whit for the voice of the weak. Long ago our forefathers had declared that the desires of the poor and weak are just castles in the air.”



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3.4.3A man without ANY trace of morality


Which leader worshipped by Modi rejected ALL morality and insisted: Strength is Virtue, Weakness is Sin?

You are right. Golwalkar (Bunch of Thoughts)



Strength is Virtue, Weakness is Sin

The world worships only the strong. Before the last war, when England was powerful, our people tried to imitate and eulogise the English. But when, during the war, it appeared for a time that Germany would win, they began to adore Hilter and even Nazism. [Sanjeev: he fails to point out how he was the main worshipper of Nazis in India] We know of persons now most vociferous in their condemnation of Hitler and Nazism but who were turning their radios in secret to listen to German news in those days with a sense of admiration. How elated they were to hear of the fall of France within hardly two weeks of German invasion! Now the very same persons worship either America or Russia because these happen to be the countries, which shattered the military might of Germany and stand today as great world powers. The fascination communism holds for many people today is mainly due to the show of brute strength by the votaries of Communism-Russia and China. That is the way of the world. Nobody cares a whit for the voice of the weak. Long ago our forefathers had declared that the desires of the poor and weak are just castles in the air.”


3.4.4My VERY negative opinion about Golwalkar


From my blog post here:

In a recent twitter discussion I've been pointed to a statement by Gowalkar that goes as follows:

Q : Obviously, you want the ascendancy of the Hindus. Do you want to demand amendment of the Constitution for the purpose?

A : There is no question of the ascendancy of any one. What we want is a healthy society. Ours is a Constitution which gives equal rights to all and there is no need to amend the Constitution. The Hindu is born secular. He accepts the truth that there are different paths to God realization. [Source]

So why do I still not change my overall poor impression of RSS? This is why.

First read the tenor of this:

Q : Even after all these years as an independent nation, communal tension in India has not abated. What is your diagnosis?

A : The main reason for Hindu-Muslim tension is that the Indian Muslim is yet to identify himself fully with India, its people and its culture.

Q : Muslims live in many countries but riots occur only in India.
A : The Muslims must realize that we are all one people and it is the same blood that courses in all our veins. They are only Hindu converts.

Q : Don't you think that by harping on the differences between Hindus and Muslims, you are only encouraging Muslims to consolidate themselves as a separate entity?


A : The Muslims are already consolidated. They think separately, act separately and plan separately. It is the Muslim who think that all non-Muslims will go to hell after death.

Q : That is not so. Some bigoted Muslims have given a wrong interpretation to the tenets of Islam. Maulana Azad had given a new and modern interpretation.


A : And how many Muslims bothered to follow Azad? The secular Hindu is the rule; the communal Hindu is the exception. But among Muslims, the communal Muslim is the rule and the secular Muslims the exception. That is the difference.

Q : But how do we solve the problem? There are sixty million Muslims in India. Do we drive them out?


A : The problem can and must be solved by Indian Muslims owning the country and its ancient culture as theirs. Indian history did not begin with Mohammed Ghazni.

Q : Why do you always talk of Hindus? Why not Indians? Why don't you include Muslims in your work?


A : During the freedom struggle our leaders tried to win over Muslims even when Maulana Mohammed Ali said that the worst Muslim was better than the best Hindu, including Mahatma Gandhi. In the process the Hindu became very much a 'Hindustani'. But did the Muslim respond? Did he also become a 'Hindustani'? No! It is obvious that the attitude of Hindus has to be set right first, before we attempt setting right the Muslims. Therefore I am concerned with Hindus, and not Muslims.

Q : What is the fault of Indian Muslims, just the fact that some of them wanted Partition? Most Muslims repent that past. Why not forget Partition?

A : We can't afford to. The Muslim looks upon Partition only as a springboard for further aggression.

Q : After all, the Hindus and Muslims are brothers. So why not consider Partition as just a brotherly division of their properly?


A : But, have you ever heard of children cutting up their mother saying that she is their 'common property'? What depths of depravity!

Q : Why should we blame Muslims for Partition? After all it was the Hindus who conceded it.


A : And who demanded it? It was conceded at gun point. [Sanjeev: this is false. Savarkar was one of the first if not the first, to push for a partition]

Now I ask this. I thought we are here to find out the TRUTH about humanity and God (assuming that's the key issue between Hindus and Muslims).

There are four possibilities:

a) Hindus are right about their religion (unclear which is their religion – advaita is radically different to forms such as Ram worship), and Muslims are wrong.

b) Muslims are right and Hindus are wrong.

c) Both are right.

d) Both are wrong.

What Gowalkar is saying is (a) that Hindus are right and Muslims are wrong. Muslim fanatics are saying (b) that they are right and Hindus are wrong. Vivekanada is saying (c) both are right. I am saying there is a good probability that (d) both are wrong.

In the field of science no such debates occur. Once it has been proven that the earth revolves around the sun, no earth-centric fanatics demand that others accept their worldview ("because it their history and culture"). The TRUTH SPEAKS.

So if Gowalkar is right, then all others (including Muslim fanatics, Vivekananda and I) must first be shown proof that he is right. That Hinduism is the ONLY truth. He must not go about demanding that a certain set of people BELIEVE in his worldview without offering conclusive proof. Just claiming that his ancestors believed something in the past so we must believe it now is no proof. Our ancestors believed  MANY stupid and wrong things. Our ancestors were GROSSLY ignorant.

As Vivekananda said: "What good is it to talk of the strength of your muscles, of the superiority of your Western institutions, if you cannot make Truth square with your society, if you cannot build up a society into which the highest Truth will fit?". We can substitute "Western" by "Hindu" and the same test applies.

Gowalkar must first offer proof. Since Gowalkar is no more, I invite any RSS person toprove to me that they are right in their beliefs. I'll investigate using the most rigorourous scientific method and we can then decide.

But it is possible that Golwalkar is wrong and Muslims are right. It is possible that Mohammad did get his message from God and that Rama and Krishna, instead, were imaginary myths; or that advaita is a delusion. In that case the Muslim fanatics would need to provide proof that everything in the Koran is true. And once they prove it, then I assume every Hindu will start worshipping Allah. Even a non-religious human like me! But I need proof. And the same rigorous scientific tests will need to be conducted.

I suspect that neither RSS nor fanatic Muslims have any proof that can pass even the simplest scientific tests. Therefore the two other options that exist are:

(c) Both are true (in the way Vivekananda said). In that case it should not matter to RSS whether Muslims care too much about Indian traditions. Let them believe in their truth, and let Hindus believe in their truth. Both can co-exist, WITHOUT imposing any demands on each other.

Finally there remains the possibility (d) which I suspect is most likely to be true: that both these views are false. And that Charvaka was right.

In which case these debates between Hinduism and Islam are merely of academic interest, and people should tone down their fanaticism, or their claims that they are interested in the truth. If both are wrong, then these are merely two political parties (Hindu/Muslim) that are imposing their will on civil society.

I'm willing to let things be and let people hold on to thier private beliefs, but for RSS to INSIST that Muslims somehow start worshipping Lord Ram and Lord Krishna and accepting India's culture is just a bit rich. They should stop this interference in others' beliefs and just carry on with their own PRIVATE beliefs.


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