What do you associate when talking about Trojan War? The wooden horse, golden apple or the heroic man Odyssey? Most people will think of these because they were all important factors in this legendary story. Although this might be a legendary war, it’s still important to the Greeks and modern society. This is the conflict not only between humans but also between gods. From this, we can learn the Greek Gods are just like human beings because they were flawed and unpredictable. Now, let us read about the story.
Once upon a time, Zeus held a wedding ceremony in the Olympus for two god and goddess. He invited all the gods but Eris-the goddess of discord. Of course, Eris was very angry that she decided to trick them. She conjured a golden apple. She told three goddesses- Hera (queen of the gods), Athena (goddess of wisdom) and Aphrodite (goddess of love) that only the most beautiful goddess can get the golden apple. After long fighting and discussing, they decided to let Paris- the prince of Troy to judge them. To bribe, Hera provided the power to rule the country, Athena provided the greatest wisdom in the world and Aphrodite provided the prettiest woman to him. Surprisingly, he chose to let Aphrodite win, so he got the prettiest woman- Helen, also the queen of Menelaos (Sparta’s queen). This is the begin of the Trojan War.
There’s what “Iliad” wrote. “Iliad” is the story about the last couple weeks happened in Trojan War. Because Paris snatched Helen out of Menelaos, so Menelaos and Agamemnon become the Greece allied to fight against Troy. On the last couple weeks, hero Achilles was arguing with Agamemnon. Achilles was so angry that he refused to go to the battlefield to fight against Troy, so his friend; Patroklos go to the battlefield instead of Achilles. Sadly, he was killed by the commander and the prince of Troy, Hector. After getting the news, Achilles was so angry that he put on his armor to fight. Eventually, he killed Hector to revenge for his friend, Patroklos.
What about the wooden horse? It happened in the story “Trojan Horse”. Because Greece allied had already fight with Troy for ten years. To win, Odyssey came up with an idea. He planned to build a large wooden horse that can contain an army in it, others hid in an island near Troy. Then they sent up a guy to tell Troy that Greeks army is already surrendering, so they sent them a wooden horse as a peace gift. Trojan was trapped so they receive the “gift”. At the middle of the night, Greek arum that hid in the horse jumps out and killed all the people in Troy and destroyed the city.
In these three stories above, we can learn that Greek gods really influenced Greek a lot. They were the center of the Greeks’ life. Many things can only be done with the gods’ premittee. Gods also brought to them courage and power. They were Greeks’ role model! For example, in the first story, It says that this war happened because of the argue between goddesses. We can learn that Gods are just like human. They lie, they jealous, they hate! I think this is an important reason why Greek gods influence ancient Greeks and modern society so much. Because their action are so close to our daily life that we can understand their thought easily. In the second story, Achilles was described as a half-blood god that won’t die. He can only be killed if someone hurt his ankle. In the third story, Greek also won because of the great idea and the help of Athena and Hera. This shows that Greeks were deeply being influenced by the gods that they created lots of myths to admire or record them.
We can also learn that ancient Greeks were very respect their gods because they built lots of temples and worshipped them very often. These evidences all show that Greek gods influenced Greek a lot. What’s more, they not only influence the ancient Greece but also the modern society. Because the ancient Greeks leave lots of the myths about their gods and daily life. We can see many temples that were used to worship the Greek gods today. Because of the Greek gods, we got lots of legacy now!
But what’s the truth of the Trojan War? The studies say that there was really a country called Troy in Asia Minor and it did have a war called Trojan War. But we’re not sure if they have wooden horse or not. Maybe it’s just a legendary horse. The cause of the Trojan War might be the fighting for the best trade route and the fighting for the resources because it happened around the “Dark Age”, which is an era that Greek civilization almost disappeared. Everything that is bad happened. Flood, famine, diseases……. They even lost the use of words! That’s why this war had last for ten years. Because this was really a great disaster for the Greeks. So, we can not only learn the importance Greek gods are but also try to avoid the “Dark Age” happens again from Trojan War and other myths! That’s why they are important. It doesn’t matter if they are true or not, the most important of all, we can truly learn something!