Andrew Jackson: Evil Tyrant or a Hero for the Common Man?



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Andrew Jackson: Evil Tyrant or

a Hero for the Common Man?
Name: _________________________________________________________ Class: ________________
Guiding Question: Our study of Jackson’s presidency will be focused on answering the question: Was Andrew Jackson an evil tyrant who abused presidential power, ruthlessly killed Native Americans and defied the Supreme Court; or was he a proud hero of the common man who sought to bring an end to the power of the wealthy upper class in government?
Assignments for the week: You are responsible for reading all of Chapter 12 in the textbook (p. 353-371) by the end of the week. You are also responsible for reviewing this website as homework: http://www.pbs.org/kcet/andrewjackson
Andrew Jackson: People’s President read and write your answers below

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From Jackson by Max Bird read and write your answers below

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Sequoya read and write your answers below

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The Life of Andrew Jackson Video Questions:

1. What incident early in Jackson’s life made him hate the British? Why?


2. Describe Jackson’s early life and social status.
3. List some words that describe Jackson’s character as a young man.
4. What profession (job) did Jackson pursue when he was 18?
5. What happened in Jackson’s first duel? What did it prove about him?
6. Why was Jackson’s marriage controversial? How did this hurt him later?
7. Describe Jackson’s first attempt at serving as a politician in Washington.
7. What happened in Jackson’s second duel?
8. Why did Jackson earn the nickname “Old Hickory”?
9. What was the “Redstick War”? What role did Andrew Jackson play?
10. What did Andrew Jackson do with a young Native American child captured in a battle? Why do you think he did this?
10. Why did some Native Americans fight on Andrew Jackson’s side in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend vs. the Redsticks?
11. How did Jackson’s forces count how many Native Americans were killed in battle?
12. What did the treaty of Fort Jackson decide? Do you think it was fair to the Native Americans? Why/Why not?
13. Why did the British want to capture New Orleans?
14. Describe how the American troops compared to the British forces.
15. What type of fighting style and strategy did Jackson and the Americans use when fighting the British at New Orleans?
16. What is a parapet? How did the Americans use one to defend New Orleans?
17. Why was the American artillery so effective vs. the British assults?
18. Compare and contrast the Battle of New Orleans to the Revolutionary War Battle of Bunker/Breed’s Hill.
19. What were the number of casualties for the Americans vs. the British in the Battle of New Orleans?
20. Why did Andrew Jackson get credit for winning the War of 1812?
21. Describe how Jackson claimed Florida for the United States.
22. What convinced Jackson to run for president?
23. Why did Jackson not win the election of 1824 even though he got the most votes?
24. How did Jackson react to losing the election of 1824? Why did he think the election was “stolen”?
25. Why was the presidential election of 1828 considered a “dirty” fight? Who won?
26. What personal tragedy did Jackson have to endure before becoming president?
27. Describe the scene at Jackson’s inauguration party.
28. What were the building blocks of “Jacksonian Democracy”?
29. Why did Jackson not like the Bank of the United States?
30. Who was Nicholas Biddle?
31. What did Andrew Jackson do with the national debt?
32. What did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 propose to do with Native Americans living East of the Mississippi? Why did Jackson want this?
33. What did the U.S. Supreme Court decide about the Indian Removal Act?
34. What happened to the existing treaties that allowed Native Americans to stay on their land?
35. Describe the conditions on the “Trail of Tears”.
36. Why did most Native Americans begin to hate Andrew Jackson?
37. Describe Jackson’s life after being president.
38. Right now- what is your opinion on Jackson- American hero or evil tyrant?

Andrew Jackson Facts: Use your textbook, notes, and the PBS website to answer.
1. Andrew Jackson lost to _____________________________________ in the election of 1824.
2. The head of the National Bank was ____________________________________.
3. The Chief of the Cherokee Tribe that challenged the Indian Removal Act of 1830 in the Supreme Court was _____________________________________.
4. ______________________________________ became President after Andrew Jackson retired.
5. Andrew Jackson was married to _________________________________________.
6. _______________________________ invented a system of writing for the Cherokee.
7. ______________________________ led the Seminole tribe in its fight against Jackson.
8. Jackson’s main political rival during his presidency was _______________________.
9. President ____________________________ ordered Jackson to the Battle of New Orleans.
10. Senator _____________________________ of South Carolina argued for nullification.
11. Andrew Jackson was born in South Carolina in the year __________________.
12. Jackson served as a courier during the Revolutionary War in the years ___________.
13. Jackson served as a member of Congress from ________________ to __________________.
14. Jackson serves as a general in the U.S. army during the War of __________________.
15. Florida is claimed from Spain by Jackson after his invasion in __________________.
16. Andrew Jackson won the popular vote, but lost the election of _________________.
17. Andrew Jackson won both the popular and electoral vote in __________________.
18. Andrew Jackson serves as U.S. President from ______________ to ________________.

19. The Indian Removal Act forces Native Americans in the Southeastern U.S. to leave their homes beginning in _____________________.


20. Andrew Jackson dies at home in the year _______________________.
21. Jackson earned the nickname ____________________________________ for his toughness.
22. The City of _____________________________ was protected from British invasion during the War of 1812 thanks to Andrew Jackson’s leadership.
23. Andrew Jackson claimed the territory of _______________________ from Spain.
24. The Cherokee and other southeastern tribes were forced west on the “Trail of Tears” to the _______________________________ territory.
25. Andrew Jackson’s estate outside of Nashville, TN is known as the _________________.
26. What is the spoils system? Do you think it is fair?

27. How is “Jacksonian Democracy” different than “Jeffersonian Democracy”?

28. Why was Andrew Jackson mad about losing the 1824 election?

29. Why did Jackson want to remove the Native Americans to West of the Mississippi River?

30. What did the Supreme Court rule about the Indian Removal Act? How did Jackson react?

31. Describe the conditions for Native Americans along the “Trail of Tears”.

32. Why did South Carolina threaten to secede in 1832? How did Jackson react?

33. What did Jackson think about the National Bank? How did he shut it down?



Andrew Jackson Essay: follow these directions carefully to prepare a top quality essay answering the essential question for the unit.
DUE DATE FOR ESSAY: _____________________________________________________
1. Write a one to two page essay answering the question: Was Andrew Jackson an evil tyrant who abused presidential power, ruthlessly killed Native Americans and defied the Supreme Court; or was he a proud hero of the common man who sought to bring an end to the power of the wealthy upper class in government?

2. You may choose only one side to argue- hero or evil.

3. Complete the checklist below as you write your essay.

4. When complete, tear off the rubric below and staple to your essay to hand in.


Checklist

☐Introduction paragraph that clearly states your argument- hero or evil

☐Main ideas previewed in your introduction

☐A separate middle paragraph for each main idea

☐Each point supported by several specifics: name, date, place, event, or statistic

☐Transition words at the beginning of each paragraph

☐Conclusion restates your argument and why you proved it

☐Reviewed the rubric to see grading expectations

☐Proofread, peer/parent reviewed, spell-checked

☐Typed, one to two pages, name on it, rubric stapled to top, ready to hand in


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Andrew Jackson Essay Rubric Name: __________________________________________ Total: ___________/25
Essay makes a strong, clear, supported argument for Jackson as a hero or tyrant
5 4 3 2 1 0
Essay discusses in detail the following topics: Jackson’s youth and family, military service, elections, conflicts with state powers, conflicts with the National Bank, and the Indian Removal Act
5 4 3 2 1 0
Essay includes at least ten specific details to support your ideas
5 4 3 2 1 0
Essay is well organized with a clear introduction, several middle paragraphs, and a conclusion
5 4 3 2 1 0
Essay is at least one page, typed, free of grammatical or spelling errors, handed in on time
5 4 3 2 1 0


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