Ancient Sparta Pre-Spartan history Myceneans conquered by Dorians-Greece suffers Dark Ages Dorians conquer and force laborers to work for them Dorians begin to assimilate with native Myceneans Sparta created from Myceneans ruins Spartans idolize ancient



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Ancient Sparta
Pre-Spartan history…..Myceneans conquered by Dorians-Greece suffers Dark Ages

Dorians conquer and force laborers to work for them

Dorians begin to assimilate with native Myceneans

Sparta created from Myceneans ruins

Spartans idolize ancient hero: Hellen
Government System = Monarchy - Aristoracy - Tyranny - (take by force)-Democracy

2 Kings


5 Ephors

Senate - 60 yrs. old


Assembly – 30 yrs. old males---ALL ADULT FEMALES

Nobles = descendants of Dorians


Social Classes
Citizens divided land equally and allotted land to helots
Neighbors
Helots
Habitation
Lived in the 5 villages along the hillsides of Laconia (Lacodaemon)
(Greece not Greece…..actually Hellas, people = Hellenes thus Hellenistic culture)

Allies: 800s - 300s BC; Meyard, Corinter, Laconia, Thebes, Aegina, Argos
Golden Age

Long before Athens 700 BC

Sparta - virtuous society 7 - 30 million train        70 thousand
Great poet; Terpander in the 600s and his fig
      Athens jealous & wants equal status

Sparta considered greatest city-state in Hellas




Code of Lycurgus = Spartan Code:

King Lycurgus concerned with Persian Empire’s rise in the east

Sparta too soft

Strict laws

Don't change laws until his return-swore oath to Zeus
Fasted and died & Delphi oracle to Apollo

Spartans forced to follow code forever more



Slavery; Helots - 5 to1 tax ½ crops
Mycenaeans ¼ million slaves by 300 BC

Secret police annually kill strongest slaves

Famous Battles: Thermopylae Mantinea Plataea Leuctra


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