Ancient India Short Answer



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Ancient India
Short Answer
1. This religion believes that the way to stop suffering is to stop desire.
2. Indian astronomers recognized that Earth
3. This raja conquered weak kingdoms left by Alexander the Great’s leaving.
4. Evaluate this statement:

Gupta kings believed the strict social order of the Hindu caste system would strengthen their rule.

Which of the following responses to this statement is most logical?


5.

The fierce attacks of the Huns drained the Gupta Empire of its power and wealth.

Which of the following best describes how Gupta priorities changed during this time period?


6. Which of the following best describes how Hindu temples changed over time?
7. The most famous Buddhist cave temple is located at
8.

Many of the finest paintings of ancient India are found in temples.

What can you infer about the people of ancient India from this statement?


9. Which Indian piece of literature contains the passages called the Bhagavad Gita?

10. What happens right after warm air expands and rises?
11. How does the air become warm in step 2?


“The armies of Chandragupta Maurya included a formidable type of heavy cavalry: thundering herds of elephants ridden by armed Indian warriors. So terrifying were the huge beasts that even well-disciplined Greek phalanxes had quailed before them. . . . In time, elephant cavalry was adopted by armies throughout the Middle East. But the Indians remained the most adept at capturing wild elephants and training them for battle. Soothing songs and music were used to pacify them, and good behavior was reinforced by rewards not only of food but of flowers, of which the creatures seemed particularly fond. Before going into battle, the elephants were painted with garish colors. . . . In addition to a driver . . . Indian war elephants carried one to three soldiers, who were usually equipped with shields and quivers of bamboo spears. But it was the animal itself, as it lunged with its tusks, the bronze bell around its neck clanging, that proved the most fearsome weapon.”

Empires Ascendant, Time Frame 400 B.C.–A.D. 200



12. How were the elephants decorated for battle?


13. Elephants’ good behavior was reinforced with food and
14. Using context cues, what does quailed mean?
15. Which of the following was the most frightening?
16. In the hands of Indian trainers, elephants were
17. The golden age of Indian culture came during which empire?
18. Buddhism became popular in part because it rejected
19. This king rejected violence and embraced Buddhism.
20. Which of the following best describes the difference between Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism?
21. Which military leader founded the Maurya Empire?
22. Which of the following was one effect of Asoka Maurya becoming a Buddhist?
23. In which way were Asoka Maurya and Siddhartha Gautama similar?
24. Which of the following events took place last?
25.

For 500 years, Buddhism continued to spread in India while Hinduism declined.

What can you infer about Indian people during this time period?


26. Who was the first Gupta emperor?

27. What bordered the Gupta empire in the north?
28. The Hindu Kush are near which river?
29. At its widest point, the Gupta empire is approximately ____ miles across.
30. What happened after the Guptas took control of India?
31. Which of the following supports the idea that the Guptas supported religious beliefs other than their own?
32. Why did Siddhartha Gautama leave home at age 30?
33. Which of the following events happened last?
34. Which of the following concerns was of greatest importance to Siddhartha Gautama?
35. With which of the following statements would the Buddha likely disagree?
36.

The Buddha believed that people should overcome their desire for material goods. However, they should be reasonable.

Which of the following actions best illustrates this belief?


37. The guiding principles at the heart of Buddhism are called
38. What caused many people from lower social classes to support the Buddha’s teachings?
39. Make a prediction: What would have likely happened if the Buddha’s followers had not gathered shortly after his death to review his teachings?
40. People who work to spread religious beliefs are called
41. Hindus believe that all of their gods are part of a universal spirit called
42.

Hindus believe that a person’s ultimate goal should be to reunite the soul with the universal spirit.

Which of the following daily actions might a Hindu take to move toward this goal?


43. According to Hinduism, people are reborn into new physical forms. The form one is born into depends on one’s
44. Hinduism taught that women were inferior to men. What inference can you make about Hinduism from this fact?
45. Which of the following would Jains consider the most worthy goal in life?
46.

Aryans believed that the most important thing in life was warfare.

If this statement is true, which of the following facts best supports it?


47. Which of the following best explains why the Aryans abandoned their nomadic lifestyle?
48. The highest class in Aryan society was
49. In Aryan society, which of the following was of highest importance in regard to the caste system?
50. Compare the Sudras to the Kshatriyas. Which of the following best describes how they were different?
51. Which of the following best describes the relationship between the Vedic texts and the Vedas?
52. Which of the following led to the development of Hinduism?
53.

Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were well-planned cities.

What inference can you make about the people of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro from this statement?


54. Over time, the Indus River Valley became ideal for farming. Which of the following events took place first?
55. India’s monsoons are seasonal. What does this reveal about the monsoons?
56. Compare the Aryan system of government to the Harappan system. In what way did they differ?
57. Make a prediction: Which of the following would most likely have happened if Indian farmers had not learned how to irrigate their fields?
58. The mountains of northern India are called the
59. Which word best describes a large landmass that is smaller than a continent?
60. In which language did Aryans write their poems and hymns?
Completion

Complete each statement. If you chose the first word in the set bubble in the letter A on your Scantron Sheet, bubble in the letter B if your choice is the second word in the set.
61. Flooding along rivers created good ____________________. (farmland/trade routes)
62. The ____________________ invaded the Indus valley from the west. (Harrapans/Aryans)
63. ____________________ was based on the writings of the Vedas. (Brahmanism/The caste system)
64. Jainism was a ____________________ Hinduism. (study of/reaction to)
65. Siddhartha Gautama found enlightenment by ____________________. (meditating/traveling)
66. A person’s caste was ____________________ in Buddhism. (important/not important)
67. ____________________ was an important influence on Asoka’s method of ruling. (Religion/Alexander the Great)
68. Gupta society ____________________ after the rule of Candra Gupta II. (began to decline/adopted Hinduism)
69. The stupa was a kind of ____________________. (temple/sacred text)
70. Advancements in mathematics from ancient India are ____________________ today. (still important/hard to understand)
True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If the statement is True bubble in letter A on your Scantron. If the statement is False bubble in the letter B.
____ 71. The highest mountains in the world separate India from Africa.
____ 72. Scholars do not know why Harappan civilization ended.
____ 73. Aryan society was very similar to Harappan society.
____ 74. Aryan rajas sometimes worked together.
____ 75. A person’s job was an important part of the caste system.
____ 76. Religion in India was very different from the ideas of other cultures.
____ 77. Hindus believe that the world we live in is the only reality.
____ 78. Women made important contributions to the Vedic texts.
____ 79. Rituals are an important part of Jainism.
____ 80. Siddhartha Gautama traveled around the world to find answers to his questions.
____ 81. The Buddha’s teachings were influenced by other religions.
____ 82. Buddhist ideas were appealing to people in all levels of society.
____ 83. The Mauryan Empire had an advanced system of government.
____ 84. Asoka gave up his throne when he converted to Buddhism.
____ 85. Religion was not important to the Gupta rulers.
____ 86. Attacks from outside were the main cause of the end of the Gupta rule.
____ 87. Architecture from the Maurya and Gupta periods can only be studied with ancient texts.
____ 88. Paintings of the Buddha were forbidden in temples.
____ 89. Stories written in Sanskrit long ago are still popular today.
____ 90. The ancient Indians can boast of few significant achievements.

Ancient India

Answer Section
SHORT ANSWER
1. ANS:

Buddhism


PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 210 STA: WH8.EGHPS5b | WH8.GH8
2. ANS:

revolved around the sun.

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 206 STA: WH8.H3 | WH8.H3a | WH8.GH8
3. ANS:

Chandragupta Maurya

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 205 STA: WH8.H3 | WH8.H3a | WH8.GH8
4. ANS:

The Guptas’ highest priority was preserving their power.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.4.2
5. ANS:

The Guptas had to focus on defending themselves rather than creating art.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.4.2
6. ANS:

The temples became more complex and ornate.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.5.1
7. ANS:

Ajanta.


PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.5.1
8. ANS:

Religion was very important to them.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.5.1
9. ANS:

the Mahabharata

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.5.2
10. ANS:

Cool, moist, heavy air replaces rising hot air.

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 195 STA: WH8.GH8a
11. ANS:

The hot landmass heats the air above it.

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 195 STA: WH8.GH8a
12. ANS:

bright paint and a bell

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 210 STA: WH8.GH8
13. ANS:

flowers.


PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 210 STA: WH8.GH8
14. ANS:

trembled with fear

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: 210 STA: WH8.GH8
15. ANS:

the elephant itself

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 210 STA: WH8.GH8
16. ANS:

effective weapons of war.

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 210 STA: WH8.GH8
17. ANS:

Gupta


PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 204 STA: WH8.H3 | WH8.H3a | WH8.GH8
18. ANS:

the caste system.

PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 216 STA: WH8.GH8
19. ANS:

Asoka


PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 195 STA: WH8.EGHPS2b
20. ANS:

Followers of Theravada Buddhism follow the Buddha’s teachings exactly.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.3
21. ANS:

Candragupta Maurya

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.4.1
22. ANS:

He swore to not fight any more wars.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.1
23. ANS:

Both men were against violence.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.1
24. ANS:

India divided into smaller states.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.1
25. ANS:

Many of them began to favor Buddhism.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.2
26. ANS:

Candra Gupta I

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.4.2
27. ANS:

Himalaya


PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 200 STA: WH8.GH8
28. ANS:

Indus


PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 200 STA: WH8.GH8
29. ANS:

1,500


PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 200 STA: WH8.GH8
30. ANS:

Hinduism became more popular.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.2
31. ANS:

The Guptas built many Buddhist temples.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.4.2
32. ANS:

to find answers to his questions about human life

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.1
33. ANS:

Siddhartha Gautama gained insight into human suffering.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.1
34. ANS:

finding ways to eliminate human suffering

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.3.1
35. ANS:

Contentment springs from gaining what one wants.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.3.2
36. ANS:

A woman keeps some of her dresses but gives some away.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.2
37. ANS:

the Four Noble Truths.

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.2
38. ANS:

The Buddha opposed the caste system.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.2
39. ANS:

Buddhism would probably not have spread to other lands.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.3.3
40. ANS:

missionaries.

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.3
41. ANS:

Brahman.


PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.3
42. ANS:

practice seeing through the illusion of the world

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.2.3
43. ANS:

karma.


PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.3
44. ANS:

Hinduism was probably a religion created by men.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.2.3
45. ANS:

to never injure or kill another living thing

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.2.4
46. ANS:

Aryans fought each other nearly as often as they fought outsiders.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.1.3
47. ANS:

The Aryans began to farm, so they stayed in one place.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.1.3
48. ANS:

Brahmins.

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.1
49. ANS:

adhering to the strict rules of the caste system

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.2.1
50. ANS:

The Sudras were servants while the Kshatriyas were warriors.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.2.1
51. ANS:

Vedic texts were a collection of thoughts about the Vedas.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.2.2
52. ANS:

People from Central Asia brought their religious ideas to India.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.2.3
53. ANS:

They were intelligent and talented.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.1.2
54. ANS:

Heavy snows fell in the Himalayas.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.1.1
55. ANS:

The monsoons occur in a regular pattern.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.1.1
56. ANS:

The Aryan system was based mostly on family connections.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.1.3
57. ANS:

Villages would not have grown along the rivers.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 5.1.2
58. ANS:

Himalayas.

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.1
59. ANS:

subcontinent

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.1
60. ANS:

Sanskrit


PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.3
COMPLETION
61. ANS: farmland

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.1


62. ANS: Aryans

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.3


63. ANS: Brahmanism

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.2


64. ANS: reaction to

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.4


65. ANS: meditating

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.1


66. ANS: not important

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.2


67. ANS: Religion

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.1


68. ANS: began to decline

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.2


69. ANS: temple

PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.5.1


70. ANS: still important

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.5.3


TRUE/FALSE
71. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.1
72. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.2
73. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.1.3
74. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.1.3
75. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.1
76. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.2.3
77. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.3
78. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.3
79. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.2.4
80. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.3.1
81. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.2
82. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.3.2
83. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.1
84. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.4.1
85. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.2
86. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.4.2
87. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.5.1
88. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.5.1
89. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 5.5.2
90. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 5.5.3


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