Ancient Greek Philosophers: Jigsaw Notes Socrates



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Ancient Greek Philosophers: Jigsaw Notes
Socrates

  • Born ________ B.C.

  • Considered to be the father of _______________.

  • Socrates left no __________________ behind; we know of his ideas from his student, ______________.

  • A group of young men flocked to learn from Socrates. He sought to teach through a path of ________.

  • The Socratic Method is…



  • Because he was not afraid to criticize others as well as Athens, he created _______________.

  • When Socrates heard from the Oracle of Delphi that no one was wiser than him, he thought this was a paradox as he always said he ____________________.

  • Socrates criticized others who thought they knew _______.

  • Which two things came together to lead to the arrest and trial of Socrates?

  • What was Socrates found guilty of?

  • When found guilty, Socrates __________ the verdict and took hemlock poison.

  • He could have been free if he had _____________ his beliefs. However, as a philosopher, he felt it was more _____________ to stick to his beliefs.




Plato

  • Modern scholars believe he was born most likely around ________ B.C.

  • We don’t know much about Plato’s life because of a lack of ______________________.

  • His parents both came from the Greek ___________.

  • What were the two events that greatly affected Plato’s life?



  • The defeat of Athens ended its ___________. The Spartans then replaced it with an ______________.

  • When the _____________ was overthrown, Plato thought about a career in politics but decided to stick to philosophy and study after the execution of ___________.

  • Plato traveled for 12 years throughout the _________________ region and studied throughout _________ and Egypt.

  • Plato’s writings fall into _________ distinct periods.

  • The first period occurs during Plato’s travels (399- _____ B.C.). In The Apology of Socrates , Plato goes about trying to teach Socrates’ __________ and teachings.

  • In the second period, Plato writes his own opinions on ________, courage, wisdom and moderation of the individual and ____________.

  • By the third period, Socrates takes on a more _________ role and Plato explores the themes of dance, music, drama and architecture, as well as ethics and mortality.

  • Around 385 B.C., Plato founded the __________, a school of learning.

  • The Academy operated until 529 A.D. Why was it then closed?

  • Plato’s goal for the Academy was that it would…

  • __________ was one of his most promising students at the Academy.

  • Plato died around _____B.C., when he was in his early _________.


Aristotle

  • Aristotle was born most likely around ________ B.C.

  • When he turned 17, his family sent him to _________ to pursue a ________________.

  • He was sent to ______ because at the time, it was considered the academic center of the ___________.

  • He enrolled in the __________, which was run by the famous philosopher ___________, who was a student of ____________.

  • In 338 B.C. Aristotle went home to ___________ to tutor _____________________.

  • King Phillip II and ___________ both held Aristotle in high esteem and he was paid _____________ for his work.

  • In 335 B.C., after _________ had conquered Athens, Aristotle went back to the city and started his own school called the ___________.

  • The school researched topics from science and math to philosophy and politics, and nearly everything _______________. Their findings were written up in ___________, which helped build up the school’s massive collection of written materials.

  • _______ was one of the main topics Aristotle researched. He believed that knowledge could be obtained through interacting with _________________.

  • He attempted to classify animals into _________ based on their __________________. While there were some ___________, his classification system was seen as the standard system for many years.

  • With the earth sciences, Aristotle identified the ______________ . His views on the Earth were controversial at the time, but were popularized during the late ____________.

  • Aristotle’s philosophy involved both __________ and deductive reasoning.

  • He would observe the workings of the world around him and then reason from the _____________ to ____________ laws.

  • Aristotle was the first major proponent of the modern ___________________.

  • When it came to politics, Aristotle argued that humans are _____________ animals. That means they are also social animals and that any understanding of human behavior or needs MUST include social _____________.

  • He investigated the ______ of various kinds of political systems, describing their different _______ and vices.

  • Later in life, Aristotle had to flee from Chalcis to escape prosecution for __________, which mean he did not have respect for the ______. He died in _______.

  • While his works fell out of favor during the next hundred years, they were later revived during the __________ century.



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