Ancient Greece Terms to know

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Ancient Greece
Terms to know

contribution: The act of giving or doing something

direct democracy: A government in which people vote to make their own rules and laws

characteristics: Different traits

natural resources: Materials that come directly from nature (e.g., water, soil, wood, coal)

human resources: People working to produce goods and services

capital resources: Goods made by people and used to produce other goods and services (machines, tools,


producers: People who use resources to make goods and/or provide services

goods: Things that people make or use to satisfy needs and wants

services: Activities that satisfy people’s needs and wants

community: A place where people live, work, and play

rules: What people must or must not do

laws: Important rules written and carried out by government

government: A group of people who makes laws, carries out laws, and decides if laws have been broken

specialization: occurs when people focus on the production of selected goods and services


The architects of ancient Greece and Rome used columns in their construction of their buildings. Ancient examples still exist today.

Greece: The Parthenon (columns)
The arts

Mosaics, sculpture, and paintings are displayed on buildings.

The government of the United States

The government is based on ideas developed in ancient Greece and Rome.

Greece: Birthplace of democracy (government by the people); a direct democracy

Olympic games of today are modeled after the games of ancient Greece.

Physical characteristics

Ancient Greece: Located on a peninsula with many islands, mountains, and hills; surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea; had limited rich soil

Human characteristics

Ancient Greece: Farmers, shipbuilders, fished, traders (arts included pottery)

Ways people adapted to their environments

Ancient Greece: They farmed on hillsides; trading took place on the Mediterranean Sea; small, independent communities developed because of the many mountains.

Economics (ties together physical and human characteristics)

Producers in ancient Greece used natural resources, human resources, and capital resources in the production of goods and services.

Ancient Greece was located on a peninsula with mountains and hills and was surrounded by many islands and the Mediterranean Sea.

Greece had limited rich soil.

The people of ancient Greece built ships, fished, made pottery, and farmed.

Ancient Greece had access to the sea (natural resource), so they used their human and capital resources to produce ships (goods), which they used for transportation (service) in trading.

Ancient Greece was interdependent on other civilizations for goods. They created and sold pottery, and other civilizations created other products, which Greece bought.

Some people in Ancient Greece specialized in creating pottery. Some others specialized in shipbuilding.

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