Analyze the ways in which the controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period 1845-1861



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24. The 1850s
Focus Questions:
Analyze the ways in which the controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period 1845-1861.

(2010 FRQ)
By the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created.” Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1850-1861, assess the validity of this statement.

(1987 DBQ)
Reading Assignment: Brinkley 351-364
Terms to Know:

Wilmot Proviso Free-Soil Ideology

Competing Plans Pro-Slavery Argument

Free-Soil Party Election of 1856

Forty-Niners Dred Scott Decision

Rising Sectional Tensions Taney’s Sweeping Opinion

Henry Clay Deadlock over Kansas and Lecompton

Fugitive Slave Act Lincoln-Douglass Debates

Ostend Manifesto Lincoln’s Position

Slavery, Railroads and the West John Brown’s Raid

Gadsden Purchase Election of Lincoln

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Birth of the Republican Party

“Bleeding Kansas”

Preston Brooks and Charles Sumner
Hippocampus Videos:

California Gold, The Compromise of 1850, The Ostend Manifesto, Building and Influence of the Railroads, Kansas-Nebraska Act, John Brown’s Raid, Dred Scott Decision, Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Election of 1860


Student Should Be able to:

  • Write an introductory paragraph to both of the focus questions that contains a restatement of the question and a thesis statement. The thesis should preview the categories that the student will use in their body paragraphs.


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