|24. The 1850s
Analyze the ways in which the controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period 1845-1861.
“By the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created.” Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1850-1861, assess the validity of this statement.
Reading Assignment: Brinkley 351-364
Terms to Know:
Wilmot Proviso Free-Soil Ideology
Competing Plans Pro-Slavery Argument
Free-Soil Party Election of 1856
Forty-Niners Dred Scott Decision
Rising Sectional Tensions Taney’s Sweeping Opinion
Henry Clay Deadlock over Kansas and Lecompton
Fugitive Slave Act Lincoln-Douglass Debates
Ostend Manifesto Lincoln’s Position
Slavery, Railroads and the West John Brown’s Raid
Gadsden Purchase Election of Lincoln
Birth of the Republican Party
Preston Brooks and Charles Sumner
California Gold, The Compromise of 1850, The Ostend Manifesto, Building and Influence of the Railroads, Kansas-Nebraska Act, John Brown’s Raid, Dred Scott Decision, Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Election of 1860
Student Should Be able to:
Write an introductory paragraph to both of the focus questions that contains a restatement of the question and a thesis statement. The thesis should preview the categories that the student will use in their body paragraphs.