American urban history II

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MIT Fall 2015

11.014J / 21.H232J Robert M. Fogelson

Wednesdays (2-4) Room 10-401

617 253-1671/ Office Hours: T. & Th. 1-2 p.m.

Kim Vaeth, Writing Advisor

W39-377 scheduling


1. Introduction September 9

2. Parks September 16
Geoffrey Blodgett, "Frederick Law Olmsted: Landscape Architecture as Conservative Reform," Journal of American History, March 1976, pp. 869-889.
Ian R. Stewart, "Politics and the Park," New York Historical Society Quarterly, July/October 1977, pp. 124-155.
Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and Theodora Kimball, eds., Forty Years of Landscape Architecture: Central Park (Cambridge, Mass., 1973), pp. 18-67.
Roy Rosenzweig, Eight Hours For What We Will (Cambridge, England, 1983), chapter 5.
Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., and Theodore Kimball, eds., Frederick Law Olmsted Landscape Architect, 1822-1903 (New York, 1970), volume 2, pp. 451-465.

3. Amusement Parks September 23

Film: Coney Island (P.B.S., 1991).
John Kasson, Amusing the Million (New York, 1978).
Kathy Peiss, Cheap Amusements (Philadelphia, 1986), chapter 5.
John M. Findlay, Magic Lands: Western Cityscapes and American Culture After 1940 (Berkeley, 1992), chapter 2.

4. First Discussion of Term Papers September 30

5. Suburbs October 7

Palos Verdes Protective Restrictions (1923).
Robert M. Fogelson, Bourgeois Nightmares: Suburbia, 1870–1930 (New Haven, 2005).

6. Tenements October 14

Roy Lubove, The Progressives and the Slums: Tenement House Reform in New York City 1890-1917 (Pittsburgh, 1962), chapters 2, 4, 5.
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives (New York, 1890), chapters 1-8, 21.
Ernest Flagg, "The New York Tenement-House Evil and Its Cure," in Robert A. Woods, The Poor in Great Cities (New York, 1970), pages 370-392.
Oscar Newman, Defensible Space (New York, 1972), chapter 2.
Jonathan Freedman, Crowding and Behavior (New York, 1975), chapters 1 and 5.

Proposal for Term Paper Due October 14

7. Skyscrapers October 21
Paul Goldberger, The Skyscraper (New York, 1981), chapter 1.
William H. Jordy and Ralph Coe, eds., American Architecture and Other Writings by Montgomery Schuyler (Cambridge, Mass., 1961), pp. 442-452.
Robert M. Fogelson, Downtown: Its Rise and Fall, 1850-1930 (New Haven, 2001), chapter 3.
J.M. Neil, "Paris or New York? The Shaping of Downtown Seattle, 1903-14," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, January 1984, pp. 22-33.
Civic Development Department, Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Economic Height of Buildings: The Skyscraper Attacked and Defended (Washington, D.C., 1927), pp. 3-31.

8. Department Stores October 28

Joel A. Tarr, "The Chicago Anti-Department Store Crusade of 1897, "Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Summer 1971, pp. 161-172.
Gunther Barth, City People (New York, 1980), pp. 110-147.
Susan Porter Benson, Counter Cultures (Urbana, 1986), chapter 3-4.
Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans: The Democratic Experience (New York, 1973), chapter 10.
William Leach, True Love and Perfect Union: The Feminist Reform of Sex and Society (New York, 1980), pp. 222-237.

Revision of Proposal for Term Paper Due October 28

9. Supermarkets November 4
Piggly Wiggly Contract Requirements, Etc. (Memphis, 1919).
John Keats, What Ever Happened to Mom's Apple Pie? (Boston, 1976),

pp. 101-107, 127-134.

Vance Packard, The Hidden Persuaders (New York, 1957), chapter 10.
David B. Sicilia, "Supermarket Sweep," Audacity, Spring 1997, pp. 11-19.
Richard Longstreth, The Drive-in, the Supermarket, and the Transformation of Commercial Space in Los Angeles, 1914-1941 (Cambridge, 1999), chapter 4.

10. Armories November 11

Robert M. Fogelson, America’s Armories: Architecture, Society, and Public Order (Cambridge, 1989).

11. Public Baths November 18

Marilyn Thornton Williams, "Philanthropy in the Progressive Era: The Public Baths of Baltimore," Maryland Historical Magazine (1977), pp. 118-131.
Marilyn Thornton Williams, "New York City's Public Baths," Journal of Urban History, November 1980, pp. 49-81.
Jacqueline S. Wilkie, "Submerged Sensuality: Technology and Perceptions of Bathing," Journal of Social History, Summer 1986, pages 649-664.
Richard L. Bushman and Claudia L. Bushman, "The Early History of Cleanliness in America," Journal of American History (March 1988), pp. 1213-1238.
Suellen Hoy, Chasing Dirt: The American Pursuit of Cleanliness (New York, 1995), chapter 4.
Wm. Paul Gerhard, "The Modern Rain-Bath," American Architect and Building News, February 10, 1894, pages 67-69.

12. Zoos December 2

Helen Horowitz, "The National Zoological Park: 'City of Refuge' or Zoo?" Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C. (1973-1974), pp. 405-429.
Helen Horowitz, "Seeing Ourselves Through the Bars," Landscape (1981), pp. 12-19.
James Turner, Reckoning with the Beast (Baltimore, 1980).
John Berger, About Looking (New York, 1980), pp. 1-26.

13. Cemeteries December 9

Philippe Aries, "The Reversal of Death: Change in Attitudes Toward Death in Western Societies," in David Stannard, ed., Death in America (Philadelphia, 1975), pp. 134-158.
Stanley French, "The Cemetery as Cultural Institution: The Establishment of Mt. Auburn and the Rural Cemetery Movement," American Quarterly, March 1974,

pp. 37-59.

James J. Farrell, Inventing the American Way of Death, 1830-1920 (Philadelphia, 1980) chapter 4.
David Charles Sloane, The Last Great Necessity: Cemeteries in American History, (Baltimore, 1991), chapter 7.
John F. Kasson, Rudeness & Civility: Manners in Nineteenth-Century Urban America (New York, 1990), chapter 5.
David A. Schuyler, The New Urban Landscape (Baltimore, 1986), chapter 3.

Term Paper Due December 9

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