American Revolution Test Review (test friday, November 7)



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American Revolution Test Review (TEST Friday, November 7)



  1. Label the colonies on the map above. What two important events from the American Revolution occurred in the shaded areas?


Battle of Saratoga, Winter at Valley Forge



  1. Write an example of an important motive for the European colonization of North America for each of the following… (8.2A)

  1. Gold- all-water route to Asia

  2. God- spread Christianity

  3. Glory- gain land



  1. Why did many American colonists believe that new British taxes were unfair? (8.4A)

No representation in British Parliament


  1. Which best describes George Washington’s winter at Valley Forge in 1777–1778? (8.4C)

  1. Washington used the winter there to train his soldiers and improve their discipline.

  2. Washington spent the winter there because he was waiting for help from the French.

  3. Washington spent the winter there to silence critics who feared he would surrender.

  4. Washington used the winter there to launch surprise attacks against the British.




  1. Which of the following is an example of an unalienable right? (8.19A)

      1. freedom of debt

      2. freedom from taxation

      3. freedom from military service

      4. freedom of religion




  1. A famous slogan, popular during the American Revolution, was: “No taxation without representation.” This slogan referred to taxes enacted by — (8.4A)

British Parliament


  1. In 1786, a group of western Massachusetts’s farmers rose up to protest taxes and actions against debtors. This uprising, known as Shays’ Rebellion, was important because it — (8.15B)

Revealed inability of the government to put down an uprising



  1. Members of this crowd in New York City are tearing down a statue of King George III. Which event most likely prompted this action? (8.4C, 8.29C)

  1. the death of King George III in England

  2. news of the Articles of Confederation

  3. announcement of the Declaration of Independence

  4. occupation of New York City by British troops



  1. Whose name should be in the middle of this diagram? (8.4B, 8.29B)

By 1776, he was the main spokesman in the Continental Congress for those demanding independence from Britain

Defended the British soldiers accused of the Boston Massacre in 1770 because he believed they were innocent.

He sailed to Paris to help negotiate the treaty with England ending the Revolutionary War.

With Benjamin Franklin, he reviewed Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence.



John Adams



  1. How did the British government react to growing protests against their policies by American colonists? (8.4A)

  1. It offered to grant independence to the American colonists.

  2. It sent additional British soldiers and enacted new colonial tax measures.

  3. It arranged to grant American colonists a voice in the British Parliament.

  4. It removed all British soldiers stationed in the American colonies






“I challenge the warmest advocate for reconciliation to show a single advantage that this continent can reap by being connected with Great Britain”

Common Sense, 1776



Who was the author of this famous pamphlet, which argued in favor of American independence? (8.4B, 8.29A)

Thomas Paine

Like Paul Revere, he made an all-night ride from Boston to warn his community of a coming British invasion.

His election to town constable made him the first African American elected to public office.

Became the first African American to own property in New Hampshire.

?


  1. Whose name should be in the middle of this diagram? (8.4B, 8.29C)

Wentworth Cheswell


  1. What was the importance of the American victory at Saratoga? (8.4C)

Support from French


  1. Which best explains the significance of the Battle of Yorktown? (8.4C)

  1. The Continental Army was able to capture the stolen treasure used to pay British and Hessian troops.

  2. A large British force was cut off by American and French troops by land and by a French fleet by sea.

  3. The British were able to divide the colonies into two halves, nearly smothering the rebellion.

  4. The French were persuaded by the victory to lend support to the American cause.




  1. Which person is paired with his or her accomplishment? (8.4B, 8.29B)

A

King George III




Opposed issuing the Proclamation Line of 1763













B

Haym Solomon




Helped finance the American Revolution with interest-free loans













C

Bernardo de Galvez




Commanded a battalion of British troops during the American Revolution













D

Abigail Adams




Spoke out strongly against voting rights for African Americans and American Indians



  1. Why was the Northwest Ordinance significant? (8.6A)

Guidelines for the admission of new states



It is Ordered, sentenced and decreed, that there shall be yearly two general Assemblies or Courts, the one on the second Thursday in April, the other the second Thursday in September, following; the first shall be called the Court of Election, wherein shall be yearly Chosen from time to time so many Magistrates and other public Officers as shall be found requisite: Whereof one to be chosen Governor for the year ensuing and until another be chosen, and no other Magistrate to be chosen for more than one year; provided always there be six chosen besides the Governor.

How did this document provide an important step in the growth of representative government in the English colonies? (8.3B, 8,29A)

  1. It gave all residents in Massachusetts the right to vote.

  2. It established rules for the election of public officials in Connecticut.

  3. It expressed the importance of self-government to Plymouth Colony.

  4. It recognized the right of Virginians to bear arms.




  1. List these events from the American Revolutionary War in chronological order? (8.4C, 8.29B)

    1. Battle of Saratoga-2nd

    2. Battle of Yorktown-4th

    3. Battles of Lexington and Concord-1st

    4. Winter at Valley Forge-3rd







  1. Which event in American history is illustrated by these headlines? (8.6A, 8.29C)

  1. issuing of the Proclamation Line of 1763

  2. passing of the Northwest Ordinance

  3. signing of the Declaration of Independence

  4. adoption of the Articles of Confederation


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