American revolution study guide

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  1. Why do historians consider the Proclamation of 1763 a cause of the American Revolution? (What did it do?) It prevented colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. This represented the beginning of the rights of the colonists being taken away.

  1. Why was the Stamp Act passed? (What was the British trying to raise?)Britain needed to raise revenue to repay the war debt caused by the French and Indian War.

  1. What did the Stamp Act do? Colonists had to pay a tax on all printed material and legal documents.

  1. What effects did the Stamp Act have on the colonies? Stamp Act Congress met to protest, boycotted; Sons of Liberty burned the stamp..

  1. What is the name of the event that occurred in 1770 when British soldiers fired on a crowd of angry citizens in Boston? Boston Massacre

  1. What was the cause of the Boston Tea Party? Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts, but passed the Tea Act which gave an unfair advantage to the East India Company by giving them the right to sell tea in the Colonies without paying the tax.

  1. Which act was a direct result of the Boston Tea Party? Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)

These are the Intolerable Acts.
• The Boston Port Bill became effective on June 1, 1774. The King closed Boston Harbor to everything but British ships.
• The Quartering Act was established on March 24, 1765. The King sent lots of British troops to Boston. The colonists had to house and feed the British troops. If the colonists didn't do this for the British troops, they would get shot.
• The Administration of Justice Act became effective May 20, 1774. British Officials could not be tried in colonial courts for crimes. They would be taken back to Britain and have a trial there. That left the British free to do whatever they wanted in the colonies and to the Colonists.
• Massachusetts Government Act became effective on May 20, 1774. The British Governer was in charge of all the town meetings in Boston. There would no more self-government in Boston.
• The Quebec Act was established on May 20, 1774, This bill extended the Canadian borders to cut off the western colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Virginia.

  1. What was the basic reason why the colonists challenged British authority over taxes? No taxation without representation

  1. What did the First Continental Congress accomplish when it met in September 1774? 1. Approved a plan for arming and training a militia. 2) asked the king to make peace between the colonies 3) issued a statement based on the colonists natural rights and their rights as British citizens.

  1. What did William Dawes and Paul Revere do? (Why?) They rode to warn the colonists that the British were coming to Concord to take the ammo the militia had stored there.

  1. When was the “shot heard round the world” fired (what battle)? At the Battle of Lexington and Concord, April, 1775.

  1. What did the delegates to the Second Continental Congress accomplish? 1) established the Continental Army 2) appointed George Washington General of the army 3) sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George III 4) Declared independence with the Declaration of Ind.

  1. Which event convinced the French to help the colonists in their war of independence from Great Britain? American victory at the Battle of Saratoga

  1. What advantages helped the American colonies win the Revolutionary War? Belief in their cause (independence); fighting on their own land (know the landscape); alliance with the French

  1. Who were the loyalists? Colonists who remained loyal to Great Britain—did not want to be independent

  1. Who were the patriots? Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain

  1. Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill considered a moral victory for the colonists? Because the untrained militia was able to stand up to the stronger British army

  1. What were the effects of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 that ended the Revolutionary War? Great Britain recognized the US as an independent nation. The borders of the extending from the Atlantic Ocean to west to the Mississippi River and from Canada in the north to Spanish Florida in the south. Britain promise to withdraw its troops from American territory and gave fishing rights to the waters off the coast of Canada.

  1. What were the results of the Revolutionary War? The colonies became a free and independent country—free from British rule.

  1. What are the “unalienable rights” that Thomas Jefferson writes about in the Declaration of Independence? From the writings of John Locke, they are life, liberty, ownership of property, and pursuit of happiness

  1. When did these key battles occur? Lexington & Concord April, 1775 “The shot heard round the world. Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill) June, 1775-moral victory Saratoga October, 1777-turning point battle-French join the war on side of Americans Yorktown October, 1781-Cornwallis surrenders

  1. Identify the roles of these key people during the Revolutionary War period:

Thomas Paine, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Charles Cornwallis, King George III.

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